Makhanchor.jpg bharatakosh ki or se ap sabhi ko krishn janmashtami ki hardik shubhakamanaen Makhanchor.jpg

नायर  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

nayar ek hindoo jati, jo bharat ke keral rajy men paee jati hai. varsh 1792 men british vijay se pahale is kshetr men chhote samnti rajy the, jinamen se pratyek men rajasi v snbhrant vnsh, sahayak sainik v adhikansh bhoo-prabndhak jatiyon ke the. british shasan kal men 'nayar' rajaniti, sarakari seva, chikitsa, shiksha aur vidhi kshetr men prabhavashali ho ge the.

parivarik ikaee

adhikansh hinduon ke viparit nayar parnparik roop se matrivnshaj the. unaki parivarik ikaee men bhaee aur bahanen, bahanon ke bachche aur unaki betiyon ke bachche hote the. parivar men snpatti ka snyukt svamitv tha. sabase vriddh purush ikaee ka vaidhanik pramukh hota tha. vivah aur nivas ke niyam vibhinn rajyon men kuchh alag-alag the.[1]

vivah tatha ritirivaj

16vin aur 18vin shatabdi ke bich kalikat (vartaman kojhikod), valuvanad, palaghat aur 'kochin' (vartaman kochchi) ke madhy-rajyon men nayaron ke atyadhik asamany vaivahik riti-rivaj the, jinaka kafi adhyayan kiya gaya hai. yauvanarnbh se poorn kanya ka dharmavidhi se 'nayar' ya 'nnboodiri' brahman ke sath vivah kiya jata tha. pati usake pas ja sakata tha.[2] kuchh mamalon men samaroh ke turnt bad dharmavidhi se talaq ho jata tha. yauvanarnbh ke pashchath kanya athava mahila ke pas apani athava kisi oonchi jati ke kee pati a sakate the. nayar purush apani ichchhanusar samuchit varg ki kee mahilaon ke pas ja sakate the. mahilaon ko unake matrivnsh varg ke anuroop rakha jata tha aur pitaon ko apane bachchon ke bare men koee adhikar athava dayitv nahin hote the.

1930 men parit qanoon

british kal ke prarnbhik daur men nayar senaon ko bhng kar diya gaya. ashnt: isake parinamasvaroop snbhavat: 19vin shatabdi men bahuvaivahik samoohon ka dhire-dhire ant ho gaya. bachche ka palan-poshan pita dvara kiya jane laga, taki vriddhavastha men vah usaki dekhabhal kar sake aur usaki mrityu par 'antim snskar' kar sake. 1930 ke dashak men parit qanoonon se ekal vivah lagoo hua. purush tatha mahila sadasyon ke bich matrivnsh ki snpatti ke vibhajan ki anumati mili aur bachchon ko pita se uttaradhikar tatha palan-poshan ke poorn adhikar mil ge. 20vin shatabdi ke madhy tak, visheshakar shaharon men, ekal parivaron ka alag rihayashi aur arthik ikaiyan banana ek samany prachalan hota chala gaya.[1]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 bharat gyanakosh, khand-3 |lekhak: indu ramachndani |prakashak: ensaiklopidiya britainika praivet limited, nee dilli aur paaupyular prakashan, mumbee |snkalan: bharatakosh pustakalay |prishth snkhya: 121 |
  2. parntu isake lie badhy nahin tha

snbndhit lekh

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