Makhanchor.jpg bharatakosh ki or se ap sabhi ko krishn janmashtami ki hardik shubhakamanaen Makhanchor.jpg

बढ़ई  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

badhee

badhee lakadi ka kam karane vale logon ke samuday ko kaha jata hai. ye prachin kal se samaj ke pramukh ang rahe hain. bharat men varnavyavastha bahut prachin kal se chal rahi hai. apane kary ke anusar hi jatiyon ki utpatti huee hai. lohe ke kam karane vale lohar tatha lakadi ke kam karane vale 'badhee' kahalae. ye prachin kal se samaj ke pramukh ang rahe hain. ghar ki avashyak kashth ki vastuen badhee dvara banaee jati hain. in vastuon men charapaee, takht, pidha, kursi, machiya, alamari, hal, chaukath, bajoo, khidaki, daravaze tatha ghar men lagane vali kadiyan ityadi sammilit hain. prachin vyavastha ke anusar badhee jivan nirvah ke lie varshik vritti pate the. inako mazadoori ke roop men vibhinn tyoharon par bhojan, phasal katane par anaj tatha vishesh avasaron par kapade tatha any sahayata di jati thi. inaka parivar kam karane vale gharane se ajanm snbndhit rahata tha. avashyakata padane par inake atirikt koee aur vyakti kam nahin kar sakata tha. par ab nakad mazadoori dekar kary karane ki pratha chal padi hai.

kary men nipun

ye log vishvakarma bhagavanh‌ ki pooja karate hain. is suavasar par ye apane sabhi yntr, aujar tatha mashin saf karake rakhate hain. ghar ki saphaee karate hain. havan ityadi karate hain. kahate hain, brahma ne srishti ki rachana ki tatha vishvakarma ne shilpon ki. prachin kal men udan khatola, pushpak viman, udane vala ghoda, ban tatha tarakas aur vibhinn prakar ke rath ityadi ka vivaran milata hai jisase pata chalata hai ki kashth ke kary karane vale atynt nipun the. inaki karyakushalata vartaman samay ke shilpiyon se oonchi thi. patana ke nikat bulndi bag men maury kal ke bane khnbhe daravaze achchhi halat men mile hai, jinase pata chalata hai ki prachin kal men kashth shushkan tatha kashth parirakshan nipunata se kiya jata tha.

badhee
lakadi ka saman

bharat ke vibhinn sthanon par jaise varanasi men lakadi ki kharidi huee vastuen, bareli men lakadi ke ghareloo saman tatha mej, kursi, alamari ityadi saharanapur men chitrakariyukt vastuen, merath tatha deharadoon men khel ke saman, shrinagar men kriket ke balle tatha any khel ke saman, mainapuri men tarakashi ka kam, nagina tatha dhamapur men naqqashi ka kam, rudaki men jyamitiy yntr, lakhanoo men vibhinn khilaune banate tatha hathidant ka kam hota hai.

shiksha

vartaman samay men badheegiri ki shiksha adhunik dhng se dene ke lie bareli tatha ilahabad men bade bade vidyalay hain, jahan isase snbndhit vibhinn shilpon ki shiksha di jati hain. badhee adhunik yntron ke upayog se labh utha saken, isake lie ganv-ganv men sachal vidyalay bhi khole ge hain.[1]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. tripathi, ramaprasad “khand 8”, hindi vishvakosh, 1967 (hindi), bharatadiskavari pustakalay: nagari pracharini sabha varanasi, prishth sn 182.

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