Makhanchor.jpg bharatakosh ki or se ap sabhi ko krishn janmashtami ki hardik shubhakamanaen Makhanchor.jpg

कुम्हार  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

kumhar

kumhar mitti ke bartan evn khilauna banane vali ek jati hoti hai jo bharat ke sabhi pranton men paee jati hai. is jati ke logon ka vishvas hai ki unake adi purush maharshi agasty hain. yah bhi samajha jata hai ki yntron men kumhar ke chak ka sabase pahale avishkar hua. logon ne sabase pahale chak ghumakar mitti ke bartan banane ka avishkar kiya. is prakar kumhar apane ko adi yntr kala ka pravartak kahate hain jisake karan anek sthan ke kumhar apane ko prajapati kahate hain.

upajati

kumharon ki alag-alag pradeshon men alag-alag upajatiyan hain. uttar pradesh men kumharon ki upajati kanaujiya, hatheliya, suvariya, bardhiya, gadahiya, kastoor aur chauhani hain. in upajatiyon ke namakaran ke snbndh men spasht roop se kuchh bhi gyat nahin hai kintu jo kumhar bailon par mitti lad kar late hain ve bardhiya aur jo gadhon par late hai ve gadahiya kahalate hain.
kumhar
isi prakar bngal men inaki upajatiyon ki snkhya bis ke lagabhag hain jinamen badabhagiya aur chhotabhagiya mukhy hain badabhagiya kale rng ke aur chhotabhagiya lal rng ke bartan banate hain. isi prakar dakshin bharat men bhi kumharon men anek bhed hain. karnatak ke kumhar apane ko any pradeshon ke kumharon se shreshth manate hain.

dharmik roop

dharmik drishti se kumhar pray: vaishnav hain. udisa men jagannath ke upasak hone ke karan ve jagannathi kahalate hain. dakshin men kumhar pray: lingayat hain kintu inamen vishvakarma ki pooja vishesh prachalit hain. bngal men to unaki badi manyata hai.[1]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. pandey, sudhakar “khand 3”, hindi vishvakosh, 1963 (hindi), bharatadiskavari pustakalay: nagari pracharini sabha varanasi, prishth sn 70.

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