बेन इज़राइल  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

ben izarail bharat ka sabase bada yahoodi samooh hai. yadyapi prarnbhik 17vin shatabdi men yahoodiyon ke likhit itihas men marathi bhashi samuday ka zikr hai, lekin sabase pahale drishtigochar hone vale pramanik smarak 18vin shatabdi ke hain. 18vin shatabdi ke ant tak konkan kshetr ke gramon men ben izarail samuday ke log tel nikalane aur khetibadi ka kam karate the.

itihas

ben izarail parnpara ke anusar, saikadon varsh pahale unake poorvajon ka jahaz munbee (bhootapoorv bnbee) ke dakshin men konkan maidan ke navaganv men dhvast ho gaya tha. is durghatana men mare hue logon ko dafana diya gaya, vahan pichhale kuchh varshon ke dauran hi smarak banaya gaya hai aur bache hue log is samuday ke purakhe rahe. yah samuday vartaman munbee ke pas konkan ke tatiy maidanon men sthit ganvon men rahata tha.[1]

vyavasay

18vin shatabdi ke ant tak konkan kshetr ke ganvon men ben izarail samuday ke log tel nikalane aur khetibadi ka kam karate the aur unhen "shanivar teli" kaha jata tha, jo unake tel nikalane ke peshe aur shanivari saibath ko dharmik vishram divas manane ka soochak tha. kaha jata hai ki ve 'shema prarthana' janate the. apane ladakon ka khatana karavate the aur vibhinn yahoodi chhuttiyon ka palan karate the. unhen 'hibroo bhasha' ka prarnbhik aur yahoodi parnpara ka thoda gyan tha. ben izarail bharatiy tatha british shasakon ke lie pramukh sainik bhi rahe the.

18vin tatha 19vin shatabdi men kee ben izaraili log vikasit hote munbee shahar men a ge, jahan ve badhee ke roop men jane ge. samay ke sath hi ben izarailiyon ke shaikshik star aur angrezi gyan men vriddhi huee aur ve lipikiy tatha vyavasayik karyon men ane lage. unamen se kee log bagadadi yahoodi sasoonon ki kapada milon men kam karane lage.

aradhana grih

unaka pahala aradhana grih 1797 men british bharatiy sena ke avakash prapt adhikari saimuel izekil (samaji hasaji) divekar dvara bnbee men banavaya gaya tha. jozek izekil rajapurakar ne yahoodiyon ki pavitr pustakon ka marathi men anuvad prakashit kiya. rajapurakar any ben izarailiyon ki tarah 'bnbee vishvavidyalay' men hibroo padhane the. benjamin saimsan astamakar marathi bhasha ke kirtanon ke lokapriy sngitakar aur gayak the. heem es, kehimakar ne 1897 men ben izarail ka itihas likha tha.[1]

snkhya

20vin shatabdi ke uttarardh men izarail men ben izarailiyon ki snkhya anumanat: 30,000 se 40,000 ke bich aur bharat men 5,000 se 6,000 ke bich thi.


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adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
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tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 bharat gyanakosh, khand-4 |lekhak: indu ramachndani |prakashak: ensaiklopidiya britainika praivet limited, nee dilli aur paaupyular prakashan, mumbee |snkalan: bharatakosh pustakalay |prishth snkhya: 51 |

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