Makhanchor.jpg bharatakosh ki or se ap sabhi ko krishn janmashtami ki hardik shubhakamanaen Makhanchor.jpg

बोडो  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

bodo poorvottar bharat ke asam v meghalay rajyon aur bangladesh men tibbati-barmi bhashaen bolane vale logon ka samooh hai. bodo asam men sabase bada alpasnkhyak samooh hai aur brahmaputr nadi ki ghati ke uttari kshetron men kendrit hai. inamen se adhikatar log kisan ban ge hain, yadyapi pahale ve jagah badalakar kheti kiya karate the.

janajatiyan

bodo samooh kee janajatiyon se bana hai. unaki pashchimi janajatiyon men kutiya, maidani kachhari, rabha, garo, mech, koch, dhimal aur jaijong shamil hain; poorvi janajatiyon men dimasa (ya pahadi kachhari), galong (ya gellong), hojaee, lalung, tipura aur moran shamil hain. pahale lagabhag 1825 ee. tak asam men bodo bahusnkhyak hua karate the. 20vin shatabdi ke ant men bharat men bodo bhashaen bolane valon ki kul anumanit snkhya qarib 22 lakh thi.[1]

vnsh parampara

bodo janajatiyan sanskritik roop se saman nahin hain. kuchh men, jaise- garo ka samajik tntr matrivnshi hai,[2] jabaki kuchh ka pitrivnshi hai. kee bodo janajatiyan hindoo samajik aur dharmik vicharon se itani prabhavit hueen ki adhunik kal men unhonne svayn ko hindoo jati man liya hai. at: koch uchch hindoo kshatriy jati ka hone ka dava karate hain, tathapi unaka dava samanyat: mana nahin jata hai aur koch v usaki janajatiyan kee pravibhajan jati-anukram men bahut niche hain. kachhari janajati vnshon men vibhajit hai, jinaka namakaran prakriti ke vibhinn roopon par kiya hai, udaharanarth- svarg, prithvi, nadiyan, janavar aur paudhe.

snpatti ka uttaradhikar

vnsh utpatti aur snpatti ka uttaradhikar purush varg ke adhar par hota hai. unaka ek janajatiy dharm bhi hai, jisamen ghar ke devataon aur gram ka ek vistrit devakul hota hai. vivah pray: mata-pita dvara hi tay kiya jata hai aur isamen dulhan ki qimat ka bhugatan shamil rahata hai. avivahiton ke lie samudayik bhavan aur unake dharm ki kee visheshataen unhen asam ki any pahadi janajatiyon aur naga se jodati hain, parntu hindoo vicharon aur prathaon ka badhata prabhav inhen maidani asam ke jati samaj men sammilit karata hai.[1]

garo men ganv ka mukhiya uttaradhikarini ka pati hota hai, jo bhoo-svami vnsh ki varishth mahila hoti hai. vah mukhiya ka apana pad apani bahan ke putr ko hastantarik karata hai, jo mukhiya ki ladaki (agali uttaradhikarini) se vivah karata hai. is tarah purush mukhiya aur stri uttaradhikarini ke vnshon men nirntar snbndh rahata hai. rajanaitik upadhi aur bhoo-svamitv, donon matrivnsh ke anusar hastantarit hote hain. pahala ek vnshavali dvara aur doosara doosari vnshavali ke anusar. vibhinn prathaon aur boliyon vali ek darjan upajanajatiyan hain, parntu sabhi matripakshiy vnshon men vibhajit hain. vivah alag-alag vnshon ke sadasyon men hote hain. bahuvivah prachalit hai.

vidhava sas se vivah

ek purush ko apani vidhava sas se anivaryat: vivah karana hota hai, jo is tarah ki sthitiyon men vastavik ya vargikrit roop men usake pita ki bahan hoti hai. is tarah, purush ka bhanja, jise 'nokarom' kaha jata hai, usase bahut hi antarng snbndh se juda hota hai, usake damad ke roop men aur ant men usaki vidhava ke aur us madhyam ke roop men, jisase usake parivar ka svatv usaki patni ki snpatti men ane vali pidhi ke lie surakshit hoga, kyonki koee bhi purush snpatti ka uttaradhikari nahin ho sakata.[1]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 bharat gyanakosh, khand-4 |lekhak: indu ramachndani |prakashak: ensaiklopidiya britainika praivet limited, nee dilli aur paaupyular prakashan, mumbee |snkalan: bharatakosh pustakalay |prishth snkhya: 60 |
  2. vnsh utpatti ki pahachan matripaksh ke anusar

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