संथाल  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

snthal bharat ki ek pramukh janajati hai. is jati ke log parishrami, udar vicharon vale, kushal krishak aur uttam akhetak hote hain. inaka jivan apane nikatavarti kshetron ke logon se sada sngharsh ka jivan raha hai. snthal janajati hindoo dharm, eesaee dharm, bauddh dharm, evn adi-dharm ko manane vali hai.

nivas kshetr

snthal logon ka nivas kshetr bada vyapak hai. yah jharakhand, udisa aur pashchim bngal men phaila hua hai. jharakhand men hi inaka sabase adhik jamav paya jata hai, visheshat: snthal paragana, jo bhagalapur divijan men hai. is snthal bahut pradesh ke uttar men bhagalapur zila hain.

sharirik gathan

sharirik drishti se snthal janajati ke log chhote se madhyam qad ke hote hain. inaka rng kala v gahara bhoora, ankh ki putaliyan samanyat: sidhi evn madhyam akar aur kale rng ki, lalat chauda, bal kale sidhe aur kabhi-kabhi ghungharale, sharir v dadhi-moochhon par kam bal aur sir lamba tatha nak kuchh baithi huee, chehara bada tatha honth mote hote hain.

dainik prayog ke yntr

snthalon ke gharon men pray: lakadi, pital ya mitti ke bartan, jaise- charapaee, matakiyan, thaliyan, done, chammach, kuchh daliyan, jhadoo, baithane ki lakadi ka takhta, ookhal, dhan kootane ki mashin aur khana pakane ke bartan, adi hote hain. shikar karane ke lie athava akraman karane ke lie dhanush ban, kulhadi, phande ya jal, bhale aur dhal, adi shastr hote hain. dhol, turahi, bansuri adi inake pramukh vady yntr hote hain. kheti ke lie hal, jooa, patta, kudali, khurapi, dantali tatha dhan kootane ke lie moosal aur ookhal, dhenki adi vyavahar men laee jati hain.

bhojan

snthal logon ka mukhy bhojan ubala hua chaval hota hai. ye din men do bar bhojan karate hain. prat:kal ke bhojan men rat ko ubale ge chaval, kuchh namak, mirch aur chhonki gee sabjiyon ka upayog karate hain. ratri ke bhojan men ubala chaval aur kadhi hoti hai. sukhae ge tatha ubale chaval se kek banae jate hain, jinhen 'pitha' kahate hain. 'khapara pitha' chaval se banaya jata hai tatha chaval aur mans se banaya gaya 'pitha' 'jel pitha' kahalata hai. sooryatap men sukhae ge chavalon se taiyar ki gee sharab, 'handi' ya 'handiya' tatha mahua ke phalon ki sharab, jise 'paudra' kahate hain, usaka bhi khoob upayog snthali log karate hain. ye log tambakoo khate aur huqqa bhi pite hain.

dharm

snthal log hinduon ke devi-devata, shiv, durga adi ko bhi manane lage hain. snthali dharm men anek devi-devataon aur atmaon ka poojan kiya jata hai. sabase bada devata, jisane srishti ki rachana ki hai, 'thakur' ko mana jata hai. yahi devata jivan, varsha, fasalon aur any avashyak baton par niyntran rakhata hai. isaki aprasannata akal athava bhishan mahamariyon ke roop men pradarshit hoti hai. thakur ko ye log anek namon se pukarate hain, kando, sin-kando, kando bonga, sin bonga, in sabhi ko soory devata mana jata hai. any devata manav lie hitakari hote hain, jo van, pahadon, nadiyon men nivas karate mane jate hain. ye sarvashaktiman hote hain. inase snthal bade darate hain. inako prasann karane ke lie pashuon ka balidan karate hain, devataon ki pooja karate hain. aise devata morang-baroo, gosaee-eera, paragana bonga, manjhi bonga, johara-eera hain.

andh-vishvasi

snthal jati ke log jadoo-tone men bhi adhik vishvas karate hain. isake lie 'ojha'jadoo-tone adi ka janane vala ka upayog kiya jata hai. snthal striyan, jo bhoot-pret adi se grasit hoti hain, unhen jadoo dvara sudharane ka prayas kiya jata hai. ojha log mntron dvara rogon ka bhi ilaj karate sune ge hain. jadi-bootiyon ka prayog dava ke roop men evn mntron se ilaj ke sath bhi kiya jata hai.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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