भारिया  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

bhariya madhy pradesh ki janajatiyon men se ek hai. is jati ka vistar kshetr chhindavada, sivani, mndala aur saraguja zile hain. apekshakrit bade bhag men phaili is janajati ka ek chhota-sa samooh chhindavada zile ke patalakot namak sthan men sadiyon se nivas karata raha hai.

nivas sthal

patalakot sthal ko dekhakar hi samajha ja sakata hai ki is sthan ki pragati nahin ho saki hai. is kshetr ke nivasi shesh duniya se alag-thalag ek aisa jivan jite hain, jisamen unaki apani manyataen, snskriti aur arth-vyavastha hai. jisamen bahar ke log kabhi-kabhar pahunchate rahate hain. 'patalakot' ka shabdik arth hai- 'patal ko gherane vala parvat' ya 'qila'. yah nam bahari duniya ke logon ne chhindavada ke ek aise sthan ko diya, jisake charon or tivr dhal vali pahadiyan hain. in vrittakar pahadiyon ne manon sachamuch hi ek durg ka roop le liya hai. is agamy sthal men virale log hi ja pate hain. aisa nahin hai ki is kshetr men ek hi janajati rahati hai. patalakot ki 90 pratishat abadi bhariya janajati ki hai. shesh 10 pratishat men doosare adivasi ate hain. is sthal ki durgamata ne hi yahan adivasi jivan aur snskriti ko yathavat rakhane men sahayata di hai.[1]

manyata

san 1981 ki janaganana men patalakot men bhariya ko 'jngaliyon ke bhi jngali' kaha gaya tha. bhariya shabd ka vastavik arth gyat nahin hai. kuchh logon ka mat hai ki agyatavas men jab kauravon ke guptachar, pandavon ko dhoondh rahe the, tab arjun ne abhimntrit rbharooghas ke shastr dekar bhariyon ko guptacharon se ladane ko bhej diya. inhonne vijay prapt ki aur vahin se inhen bhariya nam mila.

vyavasay

bhariya janajati ka krishi ke uparant kheton men mazadoori karana pramukh kary hai. patalakot ke asapas gondon ke khet phaile hue hain. bhariya patalakot se akar inake kheton men bhi kam karate hain. ek anuman ke anusar bhariya, gondon ke kheton men 60-70 dinon se adhik kary nahin karate. shasakiy vikas karyon men bhi ve mazadoori ka kam kar lete hain.

krishi

varsh 1881 se 1981 tak ki shatabdi men bhariya janajati men mamooli farq aya hai. pichhale pachchis varshon se madhy pradesh sarakar ne is kshetr ki unnati ke lie lagatar prayas kie hain. yahan tak ki poore patalakot kshetr ko vishesh pichhada kshetr ghoshit kar diya gaya hai. patalakot ki krishi adim sthaee krishi hai. kul krishi bhoomi ka 15 pratishat khariph fasalon ke antargat ata hai. pramukh fasalen dhan, kodo aur kutaki hain. in fasalon ki kataee aktoobar tak ho jati hai. yadyapi rabi yahan ki fasal nahin hai, kintu ghar ke asapas ke khali kshetr men chana bo diya jata hai. adivasiyon ke anusar chane ki yah chhoti fasalen bhi atynt shram sadhy hain, kyonki patalakot men bndaron ka utpat kafi adhik hai aur mauka pate hi ve fasal ko tabah kar dete hain. gehoon bhi boya jata hai, lekin isaka utpadan nagany hai. patalakot men gehoon aur chana naqadi fasalen hain, kyonki is poore utpad ko bech diya jata hai, taki kuchh naqad hath a sake tatha any zaroorat ki vastuen kharidi ja saken.[1]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 madhy pradesh ki janajatiyan (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 28 aktoobar, 2012.

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