चना  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

chana

chana bharat men ugaee jane vali bahut hi mahattvapoorn dal hai, jo ki sharirik svasthy aur saundary ke liye bahut hi labhakari hai. yah anek rogon ki chikitsa karane men bhi sahayak hoti hai. chana men nami, reshe, chikanaee, kailshiyam, ayaran, vitamin aur karbohaidret paryapt matra men paye jate hain. sharir men hone vali rakt ki kami, kabj, madhumeh aur piliya jaise rogon men chana bahut asarakarak siddh hota hai. balon aur tvacha ki sundarata ke lie chane ke ate ka upayog bada hi labhadayak hota hai. bharat men chane ke mukhy utpadak rajy madhy pradesh, uttar pradesh, rajasthan, hariyana, pnjab aur maharashtr hain. in rajyon men kul kshetraphal ka 95 pratishat chana ugaya jata hai. kshetraphal evn utpadan dono hi drishti se dalahanon me isaka pahala sthan hai.

avashyak bhaugolik dashaen

chane ke lie halki baluee mitti aur oonche tapaman ki avashyakata hoti hain. chane ki paidavar halki, oonchi aur bhali-bhanti sookhi huee bhoomi men hoti hai. pala pad jane se isaka phool nasht ho jata hai, jisase isaka dana sookh jata hai. chana bote samay mitti me paryapt nami hona avashyak hai. jahan jal ki kami ke karan gehoon ya jau paida nahin ho sakate, vahan chana utpann kiya ja sakata hai. chane ki fasal ke lie samanyatah 40 se 50 sentimitar varsha paryapt mani jati hai. chana jade ki upaj hai. fasal pakane men 4 se 5 mahine lag jate hain. uttar bharat men navambar se aprail tak tatha madhy bharat aur dakshin bharat men navambar se faravari tak fasal pak jati hai. fasal kal men isaki krishi bhoomi men yadi do bar bhi varsha ho jae, to bhi isaki fasal bahut achchhi ho jati hai.

pramukh utpadak rajy

bharat men chane ki kheti gnga tatha sataluj nadiyon ki oopari ghati aur usase lage hue madhy pradesh tak hi simit hai. chane ke antargat sampoorn kshetraphal ka 90 pratishat uttar pradesh, andhr pradesh, maharashtr, madhy pradesh, rajasthan aur karnatak men paya jata hai. chana utpadan ki drishti se madhy pradesh ka pratham, uttar pradesh ka ddhitiy tatha maharashtr ka tritiy sthan hai.

chane ki dal
  1. rajasthan - shrignganagar, alavar, bharatapur, jayapur, savaee madhopur, ajamer, kota, churoo aur jhunjhunoo zile.
  2. madhy pradesh - bhind, muraina, gvaliyar, vidisha, jabalapur, nrisinhapur, dhar, sidhi, sihor, hoshngabad, rayasen zile.
  3. uttar pradesh - banda, hamirapur, jhansi, jalaun, kanapur, phatehapur, sitapur, barabnki, ilahabad aur agara zile.
  4. hariyana - hisar, jind, rohatak, mahendragadh, gudaganv aur karanal jile.
  5. pnjab - bhatinda, phirojapur, patiyala aur sngaroor zile.
  6. maharashtr - usmanabad, aurngabad, sholapur, parabhani, ahamadanagar, bid, nanded aur nasik zile.

utpadan evn kshetr

varsh 2008-2009 men desh men 80 lakh hektear kshetr men chana boya gaya aur 72 lakh tan kul chane ka utpadan hua. desh men prati-hektear 885 ki.gra. chane ki upaj huee.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

vithika

tika tippani aur sndarbh

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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