बीड़ महाराष्ट्र  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

bid shahar, madhy maharashtr rajy, pashchimi bharat men, krishna nadi ki sahayak nadi ke kinare, nichali pahadi shrinkhala ki ghati men sthit hai. bid nagar 'bhir' bhi kahalata hai. isase pahale 'chnpavati nagar' kahalane vale is shahar ka nam snbhavat: farasi ke 'bhir' shabd jisaka arth pani, shabd se liya gaya hai.

itihas

bid ka prarnbhik itihas yah hai ki chaluky aur yadav hindoo rajavnshon se isaka snbaddh raha tha. 14vin shatabdi men bid ko tugalaq muslim rajavnsh dvara jit liya gaya tha aur 1947 tak yah muslim rajy ka hi ek bhag bana raha tha. kinvadati ke anusar mahabharat kal men is nagar ka nam 'durgavati' tha. kuchh samay pashchath yah nam 'balani' ho gaya. tatpashchath vikramadity ki bahin chnpavati ne yahan vikramadity ka adhikar ho jane par isaka nam chnpavat rakh diya tha. 1660 ee. men bani 'jama masjid' bhi yahan ka aitihasik smarak hai.

vijjalavid

bid ka sarvapratham ullekh 'vijjalavid' nam se ganitgy bhaskarachary ke grnthon men milata hai. inaka janm vijjalavid men hua tha jo sahyadri men sthit tha. bhid ya bid vijjalavid ka hi snkshipt apabhrnsh dikhaee padata hai.

bhaskarachary

bhaskarachary ka janm 12vin shati ke prarnbh men huya tha. inake grnth lilavati tatha siddhant shiromani ki tithi 1120 ee. ke asapas mani jati hai. bid ka prachin itihas andhakar men hai kintu yah nishchit hai ki yahan par kal ke kramanusar andhr, chaluky, rashtrakoot, yadav aur phir dilli ke sulatanon ka adhipaty raha tha. akabar ke samakalin itihas lekhak farishta ne likha hai ki 1326 ee. men muhammad tugalaq bid hokar guzara tha. tugalakon ke pashchath bid par bahamani vnsh ke nizamashahi aur phir adilashahi sultanon ka qabza hua aur 1635 ee. men mugalon ka qabza hua. mugalon ke pashchath yah sthan marathon aur isake bad nizam ke rajy men sammilit ho gaya tha. bhootapoorv haidarabad riyasat ke bharat men vilay tak yah nagar isi riyasat men tha.

kavi mukundaram

bid ka zila marathi kavi mukundaram ki janmabhoomi hai. inaka janm anbajogee namak sthan par hua tha. mahanubhav-sahity ki khoj hone se poorv ye marathi ke prachinatam kavi mane jate the. inake grnth 'vivekasindhu', 'paramamrit' adi hain.

dasopnt

dasopnt ji (1550-1615 ee.) ka nivas sthan anbajogee men hi tha. inhonne shrimadbhagavadgita par brihath tika likhi hai. kagaz ke abhav men inhonne apane grnth khaddar ke kapade par likhe the. inaka ek grnth pariman men 24 hath lnba aur 2.5 hath chauda hai.

krishi aur khanij

bid kshetr mukhyat: krishi par ashrit hai. yahan par jvar, kapas, tilahan aur dalahan pramukh fasalen hain. ganna aur tarabooz, angoor v am jaise phalon ki kheti ka kshetraphal bhi yahan par badh raha hai.

sinchaee pariyojanaen

bid men sindaphana nadi par hal hi men nirmit 'majalaganv pariyojana' aur kej ke samip 'manjara nadi pariyojana' jaisi sinchaee yojanaon ne varsha ki kami ko poora kiya hai. isase krishi-utpadan, jisamen kapas aur jvar pramukh fasalen hain, inako ko sudridh kiya hai. sahayak nadiyon par bani bahut si chhoti-chhoti sinchaee pariyojanaon se bhi krishi-utpadakata men vriddhi huee hai.

udyog aur vyapar

bid shahar ko chamade ke kam ke lie jana jata hai. yahan par kafi badi snkhya men bhoomihin mazadoor, mausami taur par pas ke aurngabad zile ki chini milon men kam karane ke lie jate hain.

shikshan snsthan

bid shahar men 'marathavada vishvavidyalay' se snbaddh mahavidyalay hain.

janasnkhya

2001 ki janaganana ke anusar bid shahar ki janasnkhya 1,38,091 hai, aur bid zile ki kul janasnkhya 21,59,84 hai.

paryatan

  • bid sudnr 'knkaleshvar mndir' ke lie jana jata hai. kaha jata hai ki yahan ek garib brahman ne apani gahan upasana ke puraskar svaroop sone se bhare 1,000 patr prapt kie the.
  • bid men 'khndeshvari devi' ke do mndir hain. mndir ke ek or ki divar gadhe hue sudaul pattharon ki bani hai.
  • doosara mndir nagar se kuchh door hai. isamen mool moorti ke abhav men 'khandoba ki pratima' pratishthapit hai.
  • is mndir men 45 phut oonche do dipastnbh hain jo vargakar adhar par sthit hain.
  • 1660 ee. men bani 'jama masjid' bhi yahan ka aitihasik smarak hai.

nadiyan

bid aur usaka paripradesh godavari nadi ke besin par sthit hai. balaghat pathar kee nadiyon ka srot hai, jinaka nirgam godavari ki sahayak nadi, manjara men hota hai. isake taton par anek mndir hain, jinake karan log ise pavitr manate hain. bhautik roop se is zile ke tin bhag hain-

  • uttar men gngathadi (godavari besin).
  • madhy men balaghat pathar.
  • dakshin men snkari manjarathadi (manjara besin).


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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