औरंगाबाद  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

Disamb2.jpg aurngabad ek bahuvikalpi shabd hai any arthon ke lie dekhen:- aurngabad (bahuvikalpi)
bibi ka maqabara, aurngabad
Bibi Ka Maqbara, Aurangabad

aurngabad nagar madhy-pashchim maharashtr rajy ke pashchimi bharat men kaum nadi ke tat par sthit. yah khadaki nam se prasiddh hai. aurngabad nagar ne bharatiy itihas ko kee karavaten lete dekha hai. itihas ki paraspar virodhi dharaon se takarata hua aurngabad apane khas vyaktitv ko lie aj bhi khada hai.

atit

maharashtr ke dakkhan ke pathar ke madhy men sthit bharatiy itihas men eesa poorv chauthi sadi se lekar atharahavin sadi ke bich aye modon ka pratyaksh sajhidar yah shahar aj tak apane ko surakshit rakh saka hai. isi karan yahan atit aur vartaman ke bich sambandh sootr sthapit ho gaya hai. pahale satavahanon aur phir vakatakon ke hathon men yahan ki rajasatta ayi. isake bad yahan badami ke chaluky vnsh aur rashtrakooton ka shasan raha. aishvaryashali yadav vnsh ke uday se poorv yahan kalyani ke chaluky vnsh ka rajy tha.

sthapana

is nagar ki sthapana 1610 ee. men malik ambar ne ki thi. 1626 ee. men malik ambar ke putr phateh ne is nagar ka nam apane nam par phatehanagar rakh diya. kalantar men mugal shahnshah aurngazeb ne isake samip hi tajamahal jaisa bibi ka maqabara banavaya aur nagar ka nam khadaki se badalakar aurngabad kar diya. haidarabad ke rajadhani ban jane ki vajah se, pahale svatantr nizam ka mukhyalay rah chuke is shahinagar ka vikas nahin ho saka. 1947 men haidarabad ke adhimilan ke bad yah bharatiy ganarajy ka ang ban gaya.

ajnta ki guphaen, aurngabad
Ajanta Caves, Aurangabad

prasiddhi

aurngabad kalatmak reshami vastron visheshakar shaaul ke lie prasiddh hai. marathavada vishvavidyalay (1958) yahan ka vikhyat shiksha kendr hai. jisase anek mahavidyalay snbaddh hain. suprasiddh v aitihasik ajnta ki gufaen aur elora ki gufaen samip hone ke karan yah ek prakhyat paryatan sthal bhi ban gaya hai.

aurngabad ki guphaen

elora ki gufaen, aurngabad
Ellora Caves, Aurangabad

aurngabad shahar se ek mil ki doori par sahyadri ki pahadiyon par aurngabad ki guphaen hai. ye guphaen chaluky vnsh ke kal men chhathi aur satavin sadi eesvi ke bich banayi gayin. sabhi guphaen bauddh dharm se prerit chaity evn vihar hain. parampara ke anusar chaity guphaen dharmik pooja-archana aur chintan-tapashcharya ke lie hoti thi, to vihar dharmopadesh ke lie sabhagrih ka kam karate the. gupha snkhya 3 ko chhodakar shesh guphaon ki sthapaty evn shilpakala sthool evn nimnakoti ki hai. phir bhi yahan kuchh nari-shilp akaron ka gathan tatha bhav ki sookshmata ke karan sundar ban pade hain. gupha snkhya 3 ki ullekhaniy bat yah hai ki ab tak jatak kathaon ke sandarbh, bhitti chitron ki bhasha men ajnta ki gufaon men ujagar hue hain, par yahan ve shilp kala ke roop men moortt hue hain. isamen mahatma buddh ki ek vishal pratima hai. gupha snkhya 7 men mandir garbh men buddh ki bhavyamoorti pralambapad mudra men sthit hai. sidhi taraph bodhisatvon tatha tara ke shilp hain. aur bayin taraph nrity samaroh ka akarshak painal hai. yah painal jisamen mukhy nartaki ke donon taraph stri vadak hain, bharatiy nrity parampara ka adarsh prastut karata hai. poora painal is khoobi se tarasha gaya hai ki trimit ayam ka prabhav badi khoobi se jan padata hai. in moortiyon ke alnkrit mukut aur bhav-bhngimaen adi sabhi men ek aisi sngati hai ki samoocha painal lay aur kampan ke kala ayamon ke sath jivnt ban jata hai.

aitihasik smarak

in prachin guphaon ke atirikt aurngabad men madhyakalin smarak bhi hain. malik ambar ne jal vitaran ki vyavastha nagar se panch mil (lagabhag 8 ki.mi.) door se ki thi, usake avashesh aj bhi drishtavy hain. malik ambar ke samay ka naukhanda mahal aur kali masjid any aitihasik smarak hain. aurngajeb ki begam rabiya- udadaurani ka maqabara ya bivi ka maqabara, tajamahal ki asaphal anukriti hai. isaka nirman kary ataulla khan ke netritv men 1679 ee. sampann hua. isamen lauh nirmit pravesh dvaron par phool-pattiyon ki belen ukeri gayi hain. jo dhatu kala ke sundar udaharan hain. makabare ki qabr ke charon or safed sngamaramar ke athapahale pardon aur usaki ubhari dijainon men sundar karigari dikhayi gayi hai. kala marmgy parsi braun ne is imarat ko vastukala ki unnati ka ek jvalnt udaharan mana hai.

janasnkhya

2001 ki janaganana ke anusar aurngabad nagar nigam kshetr ki janasnkhya 8,72,667 hai, aur aurngabad zile ki janasnkhya 29,20, 548 hai.



panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  • aitihasik sthanavali | prishth snkhya= 120-121| vijayendr kumar mathur | vaigyanik tatha takaniki shabdavali ayog | manav snsadhan vikas mntralay, bharat sarakar


  • aitihasik sthal kosh (pej n.-47)

vithika

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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