नंदेड़  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

hazur sahib, nnded

nnded athava 'nndagiri' athava 'nnditat' maharashtr men godavari nadi ke tat par sthit prachin nagar hai. puranon ke anusar nnded ko pramukh tirth sthanon men mana gaya hai. prachin kal men is nagar ka sambandh chaluky aur kakatiy rajavnshon se raha tha. bahamani sultanon ke shasan kal men nnded ek pramukh vyaparik kendr ban chuka tha, kyonki yah uttari aur dakshini bharat ke bich nadiyon dvara hone vale vyapar ke marg par sthit tha. nnded ki sarvadhik prasiddhi is karan hai ki yahan sikkhon ke dasaven guru guru govind sinh ki samadhi hai.

itihas

puranon men varnit nnditat ya nnded ki ganana bharat ke pavitr dharmik sthanon men ki jati hai. mekelif ki 'sikkh rilijan' ke anusar is sthan ka prachin nam 'navannd' tha, kyonki is sthan par nau rishiyon ne tap kiya tha. is nam ka snbndh magadh ke navanndon se bhi bataya jata hai. kuchh vidvanon ka mat hai ki 'periplas aauf di eraeethriyan si' namak grnth ke lekhak ne dakshin bharat ke jis vyaparik nagar 'tagara' ka varnan kiya hai, vah nnded ke nikat hi sthit hoga. chauthi shati ee. men nnded nagar kafi mahattvapoorn tha aur yahan ek chhote se rajy ki rajadhani bhi thi, kintu ab yahan ati prachin bhavanon adi ke avashesh nahin milate.

katha

ek aitihasik katha ke anusar chaluky vnsh ke raja annd ne apani rajadhani kalyani se nnded le ane ka vichar kiya tha aur nnded men patthar ke bandh banavakar ek tadag ka nirman bhi karavaya tha. usi ne ratnagiri pahadi par nndagiri ya nnded nagari ko basaya tha. chauthi shati ee. men varngal ke chaluky nareshon ki ek shakha nnded men rajy karati thi. varngal ke kakatiy rajavnsh ke itihas 'pratap rudrabhushan' men varnan hai ki kakatiy narensh nnd ka nnded par rajy tha. nndadev ke pautr madhavavarman ke shasan kal men shiv tatha nndi ki pooja ko bahut protsahan mila aur is samay ke anek mndir nnded ki prachin kala aur snskriti ke utkrisht udaharan hain.

muslimon ka adhikar

'narasinh ka mndir' tatha bauddh aur jain mndir hindoo kal ke sundar snsmarak hain. muslimon ke dakshin bharat par akraman ke pashchath nnded alauddin khilaji tatha muhammad tugalaq ke adhikar men raha. bahamani kal men nnded ek bada vyaparik sthan ban gaya tha, kyonki godavari nadi ke tat par sthit hone ke karan yah uttari aur dakshini bharat ke bich nadiyon ke dvara hone vale vyapar ke marg par padata tha. mahamood gavan ne jo bahamani rajy ka mntri thi, nnded ko mahor ke soobe ke antargat shamil kar liya. bahamani kal men nnded men kee muslim snton ne apana avas banaya tha.

sikkh paryatan sthal

kaleshvar jhil, nnded

malik ambar aur kutubashahi sultanon ki banavaee huee do masjiden bhi yahan par sthit hain. kintu nnded ki prasiddhi ka vishesh karan sikkhon ke dasaven guru govind sinh ki samadhi hai. aurngazeb ki mrityu ke pashchath govind sinh bahadurashah pratham ke sath dakshin bharat ae the. yahan par unhonne nnded ke nivasi 'madhodas bairagi' (bnda bairagi) ki virata se snbndhit yashogan sune aur usase milane ve nnded ae. yahin par unhonne apana asthayi nivas banaya tha. unake dere ka sthan aj bhi 'sngat sahab gurudvara' kahalata hai. godavari ke tat par vah sthan, jahan guru ki bnda se bhent huee thi, 'bndaghat' nam se prasiddh hai. ek shishy ne guru ko ek amooly hira bhent kiya tha, jo unhonne godavari ke jal men phenk diya tha. yah sthan 'nagina ghat' kahalata hai.

dharmik sthan

1708 ee. men nnded men hi guru govind sinh ek kroor pathan ke hathon ghayal hokar kuchh samay pashchath svargagami hue. unaki chita ki bhasm par ek samadhi banavaee gee thi, jo ab 'hazur sahib ka gurudvara' nam se sikkhon ka mahattvapoorn tirth hai. is gurudvare ka maharana ranajit sinh ne 1831 ee. men nirman karavaya tha. isake pharsh aur stnbhon par sngamaramar ka sundar kam hai. gurudvare ke gunbad, chhat aur bich ke baramade par sone ke bhari patthar lage hain. mukhy gurudvare ke atirikt nnded men sat any gurudvare bhi hain-

  1. hiraghat
  2. shikharaghat
  3. mata sahiba
  4. sngat sahab
  5. malatekari
  6. bndaghat
  7. nagina ghat

in sabase govind sinh ke jivan ki anamol kathaen snbndhit hain. vasim se prapt ek tamr pattalekh men nnded ka prachin nam 'nndikal' diya hua hai.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

aitihasik sthanavali |lekhak: vijayendr kumar mathur |prakashak: rajasthan hindi grnth akadami, jayapur |prishth snkhya: 473 |


snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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