कोलाबा दुर्ग  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

kolaba durg, munbee

kolaba durg munbee ke dakshin men keval 40 kimi ki doori par alibag samudr tat ke bahut najadik sthit hai. yah ek dvipiy durg hai, jahan jane ke lie nav ka prayog kiya jata hai. kintu bhate ke samay isake mukhy ddhar tak paidal bhi pahuncha ja sakata hai. ek samay kolaba durg ek chhoti sainik chauki hua karata tha, kintu chhatrapati shivaji ke samay isaka vyapak roopantaran, navinikaran v sudridhikaran kiya gaya.

itihas

is durg ka itihas maratha nausena se juda hua hai. marathon ke mahanh 'sarakhel' ya 'edamiral' kanhoji angre ke prayason se maratha nausena shakti apane shaury ke shikhar par pahunch gee thi. kolaba durg par adhikar jamane ke udeshy se jnjira ke siddhiyon aur purtagal ke sainy bal ne bhi abhiyan chalaya, parantu har bar unhen asaphalata hi hath lagi. kanhoji angre aur unake uttaradhikari sarphoji ke bad do angre bndhuon manaji aur snbhaji ki apasi kalah men peshava ko hastakshep karana pada. do bhaiyon men[1] manaji ko kolaba aur uttari kshetr mila.
kolaba durg, munbee
peshava ne sadaiv hi manaji ka paksh liya aur isake parinamasvaroop vijayadurg men snbhaji ke uttaradhikari tulaji ke nausainik bede ke patan ke uparant hi kolaba durg ka mahatv bhi teji se gir gaya.

durg snrachana

kolaba kafi bada durg tha, jisake jalashay tatha devalay ab bhi maujood hain, kintu isaka prachin bhavan ek arsa pahale nasht ho gaya. isake oonche parakote aur 17 burj abhi bhi bane hue hain. durg ke mukhy ddhar poorv ki or hain tatha is par khudi pashu-pakshiyon ki akritiyan spasht dikhaee deti hain. eest indiya knpani ke angrez forvs ne un bhavanon ka varnan kiya hai, jinhen unhonne apani 1759 ki yatra ke dauran dekha tha. jisamen ek mahal, koshalay, udyan aur afaganistan ke afagani ghodon ke astabal bhi the, jo 1753, 1756, 1757 aur 1771 men hue agnikandon men nasht ho ge. 1771 ki ag sarvadhik prnchad thi aur usamen andhikansh bhavan jalakar rakh ho ge the. jo kuchh shesh bacha tha, use bad men angrezon ne nasht kar diya. ek chhota gadh, jo mukhy ddhar se adhik door nahin hai, kolaba ka 18van burj kahalata hai.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. do bhagon men vibhajit angre varchasv men

bahari kadiyan

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

a   a    i    ee    u    oo    e    ai    o   au    an    k   kh    g    gh    n    ch    chh    j    jh    n    t    th    d   dh    n    t    th    d    dh    n    p    ph    b    bh    m    y    r    l    v    sh    sh    s    h    ksh    tr    gy    ri    ri    aau    shr   aah