दौलताबाद क़िला  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

daulatabad qila
daulatabad ka qila
rajy maharashtr
zila aurngabad
nirmata rashtrakoot shasak
nirman kal 1187-1318 ee.
bhaugolik sthiti 19° 57’ uth‍tar; 75°° 15’ poorv
prasiddhi aitihasik sthal
kab jaen kabhi bhi
kaise pahunchen daulatabad havaee jahaj, tren aur sadak ke madhyam se pahuncha ja sakata hai.
relave steshan aurngabad relave steshan
bas adda aurngabad
kya dekhen chand minar, chini mahal, baradari, shahi nivas, masjid adi.
any janakari daulatabad ka qila madhyayugin dakkan ka sabase shaktishali qila tha. yahi ek matr ek aisa qila hai, jise kabhi koee jit nahin saka.

daulatabad ka qila aurngabad, maharashtr men sthit hai. yah madhyakalin bharat ka sabase takatavar qila tha. daulatabad aurngabad se 14 kilomitar uttar-pashchim men basa ek 14vin sadi ka shahar hai. shuroo men is qile ka nam devagiri tha, jisaka nirman kailash gufa ka nirman karane vale rashtrakoot shasak ne kiya tha. apane nirman varsh (1187-1318 ee.) se lekar 1762 tak is qile ne kee shasak dekhe. qile par yadav, khilaji, tugalaq vnsh ne shasan kiya. muhammad bin tugalaq ne devagiri ko apani rajadhani banakar isaka nam daulatabad kar diya tha. aj daulatabad ka nam bharat ke itihas men svarnim aksharon men varnit hai. daulatabad ka qila madhyayugin dakkan ka sabase shaktishali qila tha. yahi ek matr ek aisa qila hai, jise kabhi koee jit nahin saka.

sthiti tatha itihas

daulatabad (19° 57’ uth‍tar; 75°° 15’ poorv) aurngabad zila mukhh‍yalay ke uth‍tar-pashchim men 15 ki.mi. ki doori par sthit hai aur elora guphaon ke raste ke bich men hai. 'daulatabad ya lakshmi ka nivas’ nam muhammad bin tugalaq dvara tab diya gaya tha, jab sanh 1327 ee. men usane apani rajadhani yahan basaee thi. prachin nam devagiri ya deogiri ka arth devagiri ke yadavon ke kal men 'devataon ki pahadi’ tha. aramh‍bh men yadav adhunik dhooliya aur nasik zilon ke kshetr par kalh‍yani ke chalukh‍yon ke adhin shasan kar rahe the aur unaki rajadhani chndradith‍yapur (adhunik chndaur, nasik zila) thi. ek shaktishali yadav shasak, bhilh‍lam ne hoyasal vnsh, paramaron aur chalukh‍yon ke virooddh vijayi abhiyanon ka netrith‍v kiya aur devagiri nagar ki sh‍thapana ki aur apani rajadhani yahan banaee. usake bad se uth‍taravarti yadav shasakon ne apani rajadhani yahin banae rakhi.[1]

alauddin khilaji ka adhipaty

krishh‍na ke putr ramachndr dev ke shasan kal ke dauran alauddin khilaji ne sanh 1296 men devagiri par hamala kiya aur us par kabh‍ja kar liya. tathapi ramachndradev ko ek matahat ke roop men yahan se shasan karane ki anumati thi. bad men malik kaphoor ne kramash: sanh 1306-07 aur 1312 ee. men ramachndr dev aur usake putr shnkar dev ke virooddh kie ge do hamalon ka netrith‍v kiya. sanh 1312 vale hamale men shnkar dev mara gaya. malik kaphoor dvara harapaladev ko sinhasan par bithaya gaya, jisane bad men sh‍vatntrata hasil kar li. isake parinamash‍varoop devagiri ke khilaph kutubuddin mubarakashah khilaji ne ek aur hamala kiya aur saphal hua aur yah kila dilli saltanat ke adhin ho gaya. dilli men muhammad bin tugalaq khilaji vnsh ka uth‍taradhikari bana aur usane devagiri ka pun: namakaran daulatabad kar diya aur isake ajey qile ko dekhate hue usane apani rajadhani sanh 1328 men dilh‍li se yahan sh‍thanantarit kar li. isake bahut gnbhir parinam hue aur use pun: apani rajadhani sh‍thanan‍tarit karake vapas dilh‍li le jani padi.

vibhinn shasakon ka shasan

yah kshetr aur yahan ka qila sanh 1347 men hasan gngoo ke adhin bahamani shasakon ke hathon men aur phir sanh 1499 ee. men ahamadanagar ke nijamashahiyon ke hath men chala gaya. sanh 1607 men daulatabad nijamashah rajavnsh ki rajadhani ban gaya. bar-bar hone vale hamalon tatha is avadhi ke dauran sh‍thaniy shasak parivaron ke bich antarik jhagadon ke karan dakh‍kan ne uthal-puthal bhara lnba samay dekha. akabar aur shahajahan ke shasanakal ke dauran mugalon ne yahan kee hamale kie aur shahajahan ke shasanakal ke dauran hi char mah ki lnbi gherebndi ke bad yah kshetr sanh 1633 men poornataya mugalon ke kabh‍je men a gaya. at: mugalon ne sath‍ta praph‍t kar li aur aurngazeb ko dakh‍kan ka vayasaray banaya gaya, jisane daulatabad se bijapur aur golakunda par apane hamalon ka netrith‍v kiya. marathon ki badhati shakti ne mugalon ke lie pareshani khadi kar di aur kuchh samay ke bad yah kshetr marathon ke niyntran men a gaya. at: daulatabad qile par kee shasakon ka shasan raha, is par bar-bar kabh‍je hote rahe, kabhi yah mugalon ke adhipath‍y men raha, kabhi marathon ke aur kabhi peshavaon ke aur ant men sanh 1724 ee. men yah haidarabad ke nijamon ke niyntran men a gaya aur sh‍vatntrata prapti tak unh‍hin ke niyntran men raha.

madhy kal men daulatabad ka qila sarvadhik shaktishali qilon men se ek tha. yah qila 200 mitar oonchi shnkh‍vakar pahadi par bana tha aur pahadi ke charon or isake niche ki or khaiyan aur dhalanen isaki raksha karati thin. isake alava isaki raksha pranali sarvadhik jatil aur pechida thi. kilebndi men burjon sahit tin gherabndi divaren thin.

sthapaty

devagiri ke yadav raja bhillam dvara 1187 eesvi men is qile ka nirman karaya gaya. yah qila lagabhag 200 mitar ki oonchaee tak ke shnku ke akar ki pahadi par sthit hai. pahadi ke charon or isake niche ki or khaiyan aur dhalanen isaki raksha karati thin. durg gadh ki badi snkhya ke sath rakshatmak divaron ki tin lainon ka nirman kiya gaya hai. qile ki ullekhaniy suvidhaon men khaee v sidhi dhal hain. qile men dushman ko rokane ke anoothe intajam the. qile men sat vishal dvar ate hain, jahan dushmanon se mukabale ke lie paryapt intajam the. sabhi divaron par topen tainat rahati thin. akhiri daravaje par ek 16 phit lnbi aur do phit golakar ki menda namak top aj bhi maujood hai, jisaki marak kshamata 3.5 kilomitar hai aur yah top apani jagah par charon or ghoom sakati hai.

qile men chand minar, chini mahal aur baradari bhitar ki mahatvapoorn snrachanaen hain. qile ke shirsh par shahi nivas, masjid, snan ghar, manornj ke kamare adi bane hain. qile ke pahale pravesh dvar ke bad bayin taraph andar ek bharat mata mndir bhi banaya gaya hai. qile ke charon or gahari khaee banaee gee hain aur usamen pani bhar diya jata tha, jisamen magaramachchh chhod die jate the. us samay qile men jane ke lie chamade ka pul banaya gaya tha aur jab yuddh ki ashnka hoti thi to pul hata liya jata tha. kaha jata hai ki yadi dushman ki sena kisi tarah saton daravaje par pahunch bhi gee to use gahari khaiyon ka samana karana padata tha, jisamen sainikon ke utarate hue unake svagat ke lie khataranak magaramachchh taiyar rahate the.[2]

kaise pahunche

daulatabad havaee jahaj, tren aur sadak ke madhyam se pahuncha ja sakata hai. yatri apani suvidha ke anusar kisi bhi vikalp ka chayan kar sakate hain.[3]

relamarg- aurngabad relave steshan daulatabad qile se nikatatam relave steshan hai aur lagabhag 15 se 20 ki.mi. door hai. yah relave steshan munbee, dilli, haidarabad, pune aur nasik jaise desh ke kee shaharon se juda hua hai.

sadakamarg- aurngabad se daulatabad ke lie bason se yatra kar sakate hain. apake pas ek taiksi ko kirae par lene ka vikalp bhi hai.

vayumarg- daulatabad qile se nikatatam havaee adda 22 ki.mi. ki doori par aurngabad men hai. yah havaee adda haidarabad, dilli, aur mumbee jaise desh ke vibhinn shaharon se juda hua hai.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. tikat dvara pravesh vale smarak-maharashtr (hindi) asi.nic.in. abhigaman tithi: 19 mee, 2018.
  2. daulatabad ka kila - jise bedhana tha mushkil (hindi) daanapaani.blogspot.in. abhigaman tithi: 19 mee, 2018.
  3. daulatabad qila (hindi) gyanipandit.com. abhigaman tithi: 19 mee, 2018.

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