बन्दा बहादुर  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

banda bahadur
banda bahadur
poora nam banda bahadur
any nam 'banda sinh bahadur', 'lachhaman das', 'lachhaman dev', 'madho das'
janm 16 aktoobar, 1670
janm bhoomi rajauri, jammoo
mrityu tithi 16 joon, 1716
mrityu sthan dilli
sntan ajay sinh
dharmik manyata sikkh
snbndhit lekh sikkh dharm, sikkh, guru gobind sinh, mugal samrajy
sakriyata 1708-1716 ee.
any janakari apani mrityu se poorv hi banda bahadur ne ati prachin zamindari pratha ka ant kar diya tha tatha krishakon ko bade-bade jagiradaron aur zamindaron ki dasata se mukt kar diya. vah sampradayikata ki snkirn bhavanaon se pare the.

banda bahadur (angrezi: Banda Bahadur, janm- 16 aktoobar, 1670, rajauri; mrityu- 16 joon, 1716, dilli) prasiddh sikkh sainik aur rajanitik neta the. ve bharat ke mugal shasakon ke khilaf yuddh chhedane vale pahale sikkh sainy pramukh the, jinhonne sikkhon ke rajy ka asthayi vistar bhi kiya. unhonne mugalon ke ajey hone ke bhram ko toda, chhote sahabazadon ki shahadat ka badala liya aur guru gobind sinh dvara snkalpit prabhusattasampann lok rajy ki rajadhani lohagadh men khalasa raj ki ninv rakhi. yahi nahin, banda bahadur ne guru nanak dev aur guroo gobind sinh ke nam se sikka aur mohare jari karake nimn varg ke logon ko uchch pad dilaya aur halavahak kisan-mazadooron ko zamin ka malik banaya.

jivan parichay

banda bahadur ka janm 1670 ee. men kashmir ke punchh zile ke rajauri kshetr men ek rajapoot parivar men hua tha. unaka bachapan ka nam 'lakshman dev' tha. 15 varsh ki umr men vah ek bairagi ke shishy banen aur unaka nam 'madhodas' ho gaya. kuchh samay tak pnchavati (nasik) men rahane ke bad ve dakshin ki or chale gaye aur vahan ek ashram ki sthapana ki. dasaven guru govind sinh ki 1708 ee. men hatya ho jane ke bad banda sikkhon ke neta bane. vah sikkhon ke adhyatmik neta to nahin the, kintu 1708 se 1715 ee. tak apani mrityu paryant unake rajanitik neta rahe.

any nam

yuvavastha men banda bahadur ne pahale saman (yogi) banane ka nishchay kiya aur 1708 men guru gobind sinh ka shishy banane tak vah madho das ke nam se jane jate rahe. sikkh biradari men shamil hone ke bad unaka nam banda sinh bahadur ho gaya aur vah lokapriy to nahin kintu sammanit senani avashy ban ge, unake tatasth, thnde aur avaiyaktik svabhav ne unhen unake logon ke bich lokapriy nahin banane diya. banda bahadur ko 'banda sinh bahadur', 'lachhaman das', 'lachhaman dev' tatha 'madho das' nam se bhi jana jata hai.

pratishodh

1708 ee. men sikkhon ke dasaven guru govind sinh ne banda ke ashram ko dekha. unhonne madho das ko sikkh dharm men dikshit kiya aur unaka nam 'banda sinh' rakh diya. guru govind sinh ji ke sat aur nau varsh ke bachchon ki jab sarahind ke faujadar vazir khan ne kroorata ke sath hatya kar di, to banda sinh par isaki badi tivr pratikriya huee. unhonne vazir khan se badala lena apana mukhy kartavy man liya. unhonne pnjab akar badi snkhya men sikkhon ko sngathit kiya aur sarahind par qabza karake vazir khan ko mar dala.

rajy vistar evn agyatavas

banda bahadur ne yamuna aur sataluj ke pradesh ko apane adhin kar liya aur mukhalishapur men lohagadh (lohagadh athava lauhagadh) namak ek mazaboot qila nirmit karaya, isake sath hi raja ki upadhi grahan kar apane nam se sikke bhi jari kara diye. kuchh kal bad samrat bahadur shah pratham (1707-1712 ee.) ne shighr hi lohagadh par ghera dalakar use apane adhin kar liya. banda tatha usake anek anuyayiyon ko badhy hokar shah pratham ki mrityu tak agyatavas karana pada.

mugalon se samana

banda bahadur ne 1706 ee. men mugalon par hamala karake bahut bade kshetr par qabza kar liya. isake uparant banda ne lohagadh ko phir se apane adhikar men kar liya aur sarahind ke soobe men lootapat arambh kar di. dakkan kshetr men unake dvara lootapat aur qatleam se mugalon ko un par poori takat se hamala karana pada. kintu 1715 ee. men mugalon ne guradasapur ke qile par ghera dal diya. banda bahadur us samay usi qile men the. kee mah ki gherabandi ke bad khady samagri ke abhav ke karan un logon ko atm samarpan karane ke lie badhy hona pada. mugalon ne qile par adhikar karane ke sath hi banda tatha unake anek sathiyon ko bandi bana liya.

shahadat

faravari, 1716 men banda bahadur aur unake 794 sathiyon ko kaid karake dilli le jaya gaya. unhen amanushik yatanaen di geen. pratidin 100 ki snkhya men sikkh phansi par latakae ge. banda ke samane unake putr ko mar dala gaya. jab unaki bari aee, to banda sinh ne musalaman nyayadhish se kaha ki- "unaka yahi hal hona tha, kyonki apane pyare guru gobind sinh ki ichchhaon ko poora karane men vah naqam rahe." unhen lal garm lohe ki chhadon se yatana dekar mar dala gaya. farrukhasiyar ke adesh par banda ke sharir ko garm chimaton se nuchavaya gaya aur phir hathi se kuchalavakar mar dala gaya. yah ghatana 16 joon, 1716 ee. ko ghati thi.

apani mrityu se poorv hi banda bahadur ne ati prachin zamindari pratha ka ant kar diya tha tatha krishakon ko bade-bade jagiradaron aur zamindaron ki dasata se mukt kar diya. vah sampradayikata ki snkirn bhavanaon se pare the. musalamanon ko rajy men poorn dharmik svatantry diya gaya tha. panch hazar musalaman bhi unaki sena men the. banda sinh ne poore rajy men yah ghoshana kar di thi ki vah kisi prakar bhi musalamanon ko kshati nahin pahunchayenge aur ve sikkh sena men apani namaz padhane aur khutava karavane men svatantr honge.

man-samman

dilli ke mashahoor barapula elivetid rod ka nam badalakar ab bnda bahadur ke nam par rakha gaya hai. ab barapula phlaeeovar ka nam 'baba bnda bahadur setu' ho gaya hai. darasal baba bnda sinh bahadur shahid hue the maharauli ke kutubaminar ke pas, lekin jahan unaka antim snskar hua, us jagah par ab ye pul bana hua hai.

pradhanamntri narendr modi ne sikkh vir bnda bahadur ke 300ven shahadat divas ke mauke par bnda bahadur ke nam par chandi ke sikke ka lokarpan kiya. sath hi unhonne banda sinh par likhi kitab ka bhi lokarpan kiya. postal vibhag ne sabase pahale banda ke nam par postal kavar jari kiya aur phir kendriy vittamntri ke karakamalon se chandi ka sikka jari karava diya gaya.[1]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. janie, kaun the baba bnda sinh bahadur (hindi) hindi.news24online.com. abhigaman tithi: 09 janavari, 2018.

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