गुरु ग्रंथ साहिब  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

guru grnth sahib

guru grnth sahib sikkh dharm ka ek pramukh pavitr grnth hai. is grnth ko 'adigrnth' ke nam se bhi jana jata hai. yah grnth sikkhon ka shraddhey dharmagrnth hai. guru grnth sahib ke pratham sngrahakarta panchaven guru arjun dev ji hue the, unake bad bhaee gurudas isake sampadak hue.

  • 16 agast, 1604 ee. ko harimndir sahib, amritasar men guru grnth sahib ki sthapana huee thi.
  • 1705 ee. men 'damadama sahib' men guru govind sinh ne guru tegabahadur ke 116 shabdon ko aur jodakar is grnth ko poorn kiya.
  • is grnth me kul 1430 prishth hain. matr sikkh guruon ke hi nahin, apitu 30 any hindoo aur muslim bhakton ki vaniyan bhi is grnth men hain.
  • guru grnth sahib men jahan jayadev aur paramannd ke saman brahman bhakton ki vaniyan hain, vahin doosari or jati-panti ke bhedabhav se grast tatkalin samaj men hey samajhi jane vali jatiyon ki divy atmaon, jaise- kabir, ravidas, namadev, saghana aur dhanna adi ki bhi vaniyan samahit hai.
  • shekh farid, jo ki panchon samay ki namaz padhane men yakin karate the, unake bhi kee shlok guru grnth sahib men shamil hain.
  • is grnth ki bhasha badi hi saral, subodh, satik aur jan-samuday ko akarshit karane vali hai.


adigrnth - sikhon ka pavitr dharmagrnth jise unake panchaven guru arjunadev ne sanh‌ 1604 ee. men sngrihit karaya tha aur jise sikh dharmanuyayi 'guroogrnth sahib ji' bhi kahate evn guruvath‌ manakar sammanit kiya karate hain. 'adigrnth' ke antargat sikhon ke pratham panch guruon ke atirikt unake naven guru or 14 'bhagaton' ki baniyan ati hain. aisa koee sngrah snbhavat: guru nanakadev ke samay se hi taiyar kiya jane laga tha aur guru amaradas ke putr mohan ke yahan pratham char guruon ke patradi surakshit bhi rahe, jinhen panchaven guru ne unase lekar pun: kramabaddh kiya tatha unamen apani or kuchh 'bhagaton' ki bhi baniyan sammilit karake sabako bhaee gurudas dvara gurumukhi men lipibaddh kara diya. bhaee bannon ne phir usi ki pratilipi kar usamen katipay any logon ki bhi rachanaen mila deni chahin jo pichhe svikrit n katipay any logon ki bhi rachanaen govindasinh ne usaka ek tisara 'bid' (snskaran) taiyar karaya jisamen, navam guru ki kritiyon ke sath-sath, svayn unake bhi ek 'salok' ko sthan diya gaya. usaka yahi roop aj bhi vartaman samajha jata hai. isaki keval ekadh antim rachanaon ke vishay men hi yah kahana kathin hai ki ve kab aur kis prakar jod di gee.

'grnth' ki pratham panch rachanaen kramash: (1) 'japunisanu' (japuji), (2) 'sodaroo' mahala1, (3) 'sunibada' mahala1, (4) 'so purashu', mahala 4 tatha (5)sohila mahala1 ke namon se prasiddh hain aur inake anntar 'sirirag'adi 31 ragon men vibhakt pad ate hain jinamen pahale sikhagurooon ki rachanaen unake (mahala1,mahala2 adi ke) anusar sngrihit hain. inake anntar bhagaton ke pad rakhe ge hain, kintu bich-bich men kahin-kahin 'barahamasa', 'thinti', 'dinaraini', 'ghodian', 'siddh goshthi', 'karahale', 'birahade', 'sukhamani' adi jaisi katipay chhoti badi vishisht rachanaen bhi jod di gee hain jo sadharan lokagiton ke kavyaprakar udahat karati hain. un raganusar kramabaddh padon ke anntar salok sahas kriti, 'gatha' mahala 5, 'phunahe' mahala 5, chubolen mahala 5, savaie simukh vakh‌ mahala 5 aur mudavani mahala 5 ko sthan mila hai aur sabhi ke ant men ek ragamala bhi de di gee hai. in kritiyon ke bich-bich men bhi yadi kahin kabir evn shekh pharid ke 'salok' sngrihit hain to anyatr kinhin 11 padon dvara nirmit ve stutiyan di gee hain jo sikh guruon ki prashnsa men kahi gee hain or jinaki snkhya bhi kam nahin hai. 'grnth' men sngrihit rachanaen bhashavaividhy ke karan kuchh vibhinn lagati huee bhi, adhikatar samnjasy evn ekaroopata ke hi udaharan prastut karati hain.

adigrnth ko kabhi kabhi 'gurubani' matr bhi kah dete hain, kintu apane bhakton ki drishti men vah sada shariri guroosvaroop hai. at: guroo ke saman use svachchh reshami vastron men veshtit karake chandani ke niche kisi oonchi gaddi par 'padharaya' jata hai, usapar chnvar dhalate hain, pushpadi chadhate hain, usaki arati utarate hain tatha usake samane naha dhokar jate aur shraddhapoorvak pranam karate hain. kabhi-kabhi usaki shobhayatra bhi nikali jati hai tatha sada usake anusar chalane ka prayatn kiya jata hai. grnth ka kabhi saptahik tatha kabhi akhnd path karate hain aur usaki pnktiyon ka kuchh uchcharan us samay bhi kiya karate hain jab kabhi balakon ka namakaran kiya jata hai, use diksha di jati hai tatha vivahadi ke mngalotsav ate hain athava shavasnskar kie jate hain. vishisht chhoti badi rachanaon ke path ke lie prat: kal, saynkal, shayanavela jaise upayukt samay nishchit hain or yadyapi pramukh sngrihit rachanaon ke vishay pradhanat: darshanik siddhant, adhyatmik sadhana evn stutigan se hi snbndh rakhate jan padate hain, isamen sndeh nahin ki 'adi grnth' dvara sikhon ka poora dharmik jivan prabhavit hai. guru govindasinh ka ek sngrahagrnth 'dasavan grnth' nam se prasiddh hai jo 'adigrnth' se prithak evn sarvatha bhinn hai.[1]



panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. sn.grn.-dnkan grinales: di gaauspel aauv di guroo grnthasahab; khushavntasinh: 'di sikkhs'; parashuram chaturvedi: uttari bharat ki snt parnpara.

snbndhit lekh

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