ज़फ़रनामा  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

zafaranama sikkhon ke dasaven aur antim guru govind sinh dvara likha gaya vah patr hai, jo unhonne anandapur chhodane ke bad san 1706 men mugal badashah aurngazeb ko likha tha. is patr ko padh kar aurngazeb atynt prabhavit hua tha. is samay badashah aurngazeb apane jivan ke antim din ji raha tha. yah patr mool roop se farasi bhasha men likha gaya tha. 'zafaranama' men guru govind sinh ne aurngazeb ke atyacharon ke viruddh avaz uthaee thi. is patr ko 'vijay patr' bhi kaha jata hai. ni:sndeh guru govind sinh ka yah patr adhyatmikata, kootaniti tatha shaury ki adbhut triveni hai.

aitihasik patr

chhatrapati shivaji dvara raja jayasinh ko likha gaya patr aur guru govind sinh dvara badashah aurngazeb ko likha gaya patr bharat ke itihas men vikhyat hue hain. 'zafaranama' mool roop men farasi men likha gaya tha. guru govind sinh ne yah patr bhaee dayasinh ke hathon aurngazeb ko ahamadanagar men bhijavaya tha. pita guru teg bahadur aur apane charon putron ke balidan ke bad 1706 ee. men 'khidarana ki ladaee' ke pashchath guru govind sinh ne bhaee dayasinh ko ek patr (zafaranama) dekar aurngazeb ke pas bheja. un dinon aurngazeb dakshin bharat ke ahamadanagar men apane jivan ki antim sansen gin raha tha. bhaee dayasinh dilli aur agara hote hue ek lamba marg tay karake ahamadanagar pahunche the. guru govind sinh ke is patr se aurngazeb ko uttar bharat, visheshakar pnjab ki vastavik sthiti ka pata chala. vah samajh gaya ki pnjab ke mugal soobedar ke galat samacharon se vah bhramit hua tha. sath hi use guru govind sinh ki virata tatha pratishtha ka bhi anubhav hua.

aurngazeb ne jabaradar aur muhammad yar nam ke manasabadar ko ek shahi pharaman dekar dilli bheja, jisamen guru govind sinh ko kisi bhi prakar ka kasht n dene tatha sammanapoorvak lane ka adesh tha. parntu guru govind sinh ko kafi samay tak yah gyat nahin hua ki bhaee dayasinh ahamadanagar men aurngazeb ko 'zafaranama' dene men saphal hue ya nahin. at: ve svayn hi ahamadanagar ki or chal pade. aktoobar, 1706 ee. men unhonne dakshin bharat ki or prasthan kiya. unhonne maravad ke marg se dakshin jane ka vichar kiya. marg men rajasthan ke anek rajaon ne unaka svagat kiya. bapaur namak sthan par unaki bhaee dayasinh se bhent huee, jo vapas pnjab laut rahe the. guru govind sinh ko sabhi samacharon ki janakari huee. yatra ke bich men hi 20 faravari, 1707 ko unhen ahamadanagar men aurngazeb ki maut ka samachar mila, at: unaki aurngazeb se bhent nahin ho saki.

arth

'zafaranama' ka shabdik arth hota hai- "vijay ka patr". yah patr aj se 300 varsh poorv guru govind sinh dvara likha gaya. patr men aurngazeb ki jhoothi kasamon evn usake kushasan ki charcha ki gee hai. 'zafaranama' men mugalon ke atyachar, unake rajanitik drishtikon, mulla-maulaviyon ke taur-tarike adi ki bhi charcha hai. guru govind sinh dvara aurngazeb ko farasi men likhe patron ka ek doosara sngrah 'hikayatanamah' ke nam se hai.

guru govind sinh ka kathan

'zafaranama' men svayn guru govind sinh ji ne likha hai ki- "jab sare sadhan nishphal ho jayen, tab talavar grahan karana nyayochit hai." apane mata-pita, putron aur hazaron sikkhon ke pranon ki ahuti dene ke bad guru govind sinh aurngazeb ko farasi bhasha men likhe apane patr 'zafaranama' men likhate hain- "aurngazeb tujhe prabhu ko pahachanana chahie tatha praja ko du:khi nahin karana chahie. toone quran ki kasam khakar kaha tha ki main sulah rakhoonga, ladaee nahin karoonga, yah qasam tumhare sir par bhar hai. too ab use poora kar." 'zafaranama' ke lekhak ka svar ek vijeta ka svar hai, jisamen kisi prakar ke vishad evn kuntha ki jhalak dikhaee nahin padati. atyant ojasvi bhasha men guru govind sinh aurngazeb ki tamam achchhaiyon ko dikhate hue bhi datakar likhate hain ki- "tum dharm se koson door ho."

inhen bhi dekhen: guru govind sinh


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