गुरु हरराय  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

guru hararay
guru hararay
poora nam guru hararay
janm 16 janavari, 1630 ee.
janm bhoomi pnjab
mrityu 6 aktoobar, 1661 ee.
mrityu sthan kiratapur sahib, pnjab
abhibhavak baba gurudita aur mata nihal kaur
pati/patni mata krishnan kaur
sntan baba ramaray aur guru har kishan sinh
karm bhoomi bharat
prasiddhi sikkhon ke sataven guru
nagarikata bharatiy
poorvadhikari guru haragovind sinh
uttaradhikari guru har kishan sinh
any janakari guru hararay ji ek mahanh adhyatmik v rashtravadi mahapurush the.

guru hararay (angrezi: Guru Har Rai, janm: 16 janavari, 1630 ee.; mrityu: 6 aktoobar, 1661 ee.) sikkhon ke sataven guru the. ve 3 march, 1644 ko guru niyukt hue tatha is pad par 6 aktoobar, 1661 ee. tak rahe. guru hararay apane pitamah, mahanh yoddha guru haragovind sinh ke viparit the, guru hararay shanti ke samarthak the, jo mugal utpidan ka virodh karane ke lie upayukt nahin tha.

jivan parichay

guru hararay ka janm sanh 16 janavari, 1630 ee. men pnjab men hua tha. guru hararay ji ek mahanh adhyatmik v rashtravadi mahapurush the. guru hararay sikhon ke chhathe guru ke putr baba guradita ji ke chhote bete the. jinaka janm baba gurudita ji ke ghar mata nihal kaur ki kokh se hua tha.[1]guru haragovind sahib ji ne jyoti jot samane se pahale, apane pote hararay ji ko 14 varsh ki chhoti ayu men 3 march 1644 ko “saptam nanak” ke roop men sthapit kiya.[2]guru hararay sahib ji ka vivah anoop shahar, uttar pradesh ke shri daya ram ji ki putri kishan kaur ji ke sath samvath 1697 men hua tha. guru hararay sahib ji ke do putr ramaray ji, harakishan sahib ji (guru) the. guru hararay sahib ji ka shant vyaktitv logon ko prabhavit karata tha. guru hararay sahib ji ne apane dada guru haragovind sahib ji ke sikh yoddhaon ke dal ko punargathit kiya tha.[3]guru hararay ek adhyatmik purush hone ke sath-sath ek rajanitigy bhi the.[2]

guru hararay ne apana adhikansh samay prashasanik v yuddh snbadhi zimmedariyon ke bajay adhyatmik karyon men lagaya aur unhen rajanitik shakti par niyantran ke bare men kam janakari thi. isase sikkhon ki dharmapracharak gatividhiyon men kami aee aur guru hararay ke sikkh jivan ki mukhyadhara se lagatar kate rahane ke karan guru se utsah pane ki asha rakhane vala samuday kamazor ho gaya. at: guru hararay ke khilaf gnbhir andarooni virodh paida hone laga.

rajanitik bhool

mugal badashah aurngazeb ke bhaee dara shikoh ki vidroh men madad karake guru hararay ne pahali badi rajanitik galati ki thi. dara shikoh snskrit bhasha ke vidvanh the. dara shikoh ko bharatiy jivan darshan prabhavit karane laga tha. hararay ka kahana tha ki unhonne ek sachcha sikkh hone ke nate sirf ek zarooratamnd vyakti ki madad ki hai. jab aurngazeb ne is mamale par safaee dene ke lie hararay ko bulaya, to hararay ne apane putr ram ray ko pratinidhi banakar bhej diya.

uttaradhikari

ram ray ne badashah aurngazeb ke darabar men kee chamatkar dikhae, lekin badashah ko prasann karake apane pita guru hararay ko kshama dilane ke lie ram ray ko sikkhon ki dharmik pustak adi grnth ki ek pnkti men pherabadal karani padi thi. guru hararay ne apane putr ko is eeshaninda ke lie kabhi maf nahin kiya aur apani mrityu se pahale ram ray ke badale apane doosare panch varshiy putr harikishan ko apana uttaradhikari bana diya. guru hararay ki mrityu san 1661 ee. men huee thi.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. hararay sahab ji ke guru gaddi divas (hindi) varld nyooj. abhigaman tithi: 27 sitnbar, 2010.
  2. 2.0 2.1 guru hararay (hindi) dharmachakr. abhigaman tithi: 27 sitnbar, 2010.
  3. guru hararay (hindi) raftar dharm. abhigaman tithi: 27 sitnbar, 2010.

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