गुरु अर्जन देव  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

guru arjan dev
guru arjan dev
poora nam guru arjan dev
janm 15 aprail sanh 1563
janm bhoomi amritasar
mrityu 30 mee, 1606 ee.
mrityu sthan lahaur
abhibhavak guru ramadas aur bhani ji
pati/patni gnga ji
sntan guru haragovind sinh
karm bhoomi bharat
bhasha pnjabi
puraskar-upadhi sikkhon ke panchaven guru
nagarikata bharatiy
poorvadhikari guru ramadas
uttaradhikari guru haragovind sinh

guru arjan dev (angrezi: Guru Arjan Dev, janm: 15 aprail, san 1563; mrityu: 30 mee, 1606) sikkhon ke panchaven guru the. ye 1 sitambar, 1581 ee. men gaddi par baithe. guru arjan dev ka kee drishtiyon se sikkh guruon men vishisht sthan hai. 'guru grnth sahab' aj jis roop men upalabdh hai, usaka snpadan inhonne hi kiya tha. guru arjan dev sikkhon ke param poojy chauthe guru ramadas ke putr the. guru nanak se lekar guru ramadas tak ke char guruon ki vani ke sath-sath us samay ke any snt mahatmaon ki vani ko bhi inhonne 'guru grnth sahab' men sthan diya.

jivan parichay

guru arjan dev ji ka janm 18 vaishakh 7 snvat 1620 (15 aprail sanh 1563) ko shri guru ramadas ji ke ghar bibi bhani ji ki pavitr kokh se goindaval apane nanihal ghar men hua. apane nanihal ghar men hi poshit aur javan hue. itihas men likha hai ek din ye apane nana shri guru amar das ji ke pas khel rahe the to guru nana ji ke palng ko ap pakadakar khade ho ge. bibi bhani ji apako aisa dekhakar pichhe hatane lagi. guru ji apani suputri se kahane lage bibi! yah ab hi gaddi lena chahata hai magar gaddi ise samay dalakar apane pitaji se hi milegi. isake pashchath guru amar das ji ne arjan ji ko pakadakar pyar kiya aur oopar uthaya. apaka bhari sharir dekhakar vachan kiya jagath men yah bhari guru prakat hoga. bani ka jahaz taiyar karega aur jisapar chadhakar anek premiyon ka uddhar hoga. is prakar apaka varadan vachan prasiddh hai-

"dohita bani ka bohitha"

bibi bhani ji ne jab pita guru se yah bat suni to balak arjan ji ko uthaya aur pita ke charanon par matha tek diya. is tarah arjan dev ji nanihal ghar men apane mamon shri mohan ji aur shri mohari ji ke ghar men bachchon ke sath khelate aur shiksha grahan ki. jab ap ki umr 16 varsh ki ho gee to 23 ashadh snvat 1636 ko apaki shadi shri krishn chnd ji ki suputri gnga ji tahasil phillor ke moo namak sthan par huee. apaki shadi ke sthan par ek sundar gurudvara bana hua hai. is ganv men pani ki kami ho gee thi. apane ek kuan khudavaya jo aj bhi upalabdh hai.[1]

guru gaddi ki prapti

guru ramadas ji dvara shri arjan dev ji ko lahaur bheje hue jab do varsh bit ge. pita guru ki taraph se jab koee bulava na aya. tab apane apane hriday ki tadap ko prakat karane ke lie guru pita ko chitthi likhi -

mera manu lochai gur darasan taee ..
bilap kare chatrik ki niaee ..
trikha n utarai snti n avai binu darasan snt piare jiu .. 1 ..
hu gholi jiu gholi ghumaee gur darasan snt piare jiu .. 1 .. rahau ..

jab is chitthi ka koee uttar na aya to apane doosari chitthi likhi -

tera mukhu suhava jiu sahaj dhuni bani ..
chiru hoa dekhe saring pani ..
dhnnu su desu jaha toon vasia mere sajan mit murare jiu .. 2 ..
hu gholi hu ghol ghumaee guru sajan mit murare jiu .. 1 .. rahau ..

jab is chitthi ka bhi uttar na aya tab apane tisari chitthi likhi -

ek ghadi n milate ta kaliyugu hota ..
hune kadi milie pria tudhu bhagavnta ..
mohi raini n vihavai nid n avai binu dekhe gur darabare jiu .. 3 ..
hu gholi jiu gholi ghumaee tisu sache gur darabare jiu ..b1 .. rahau ..

guruji ne jab apaki yah sari chitthiyan padi to guruji ne baba budda ji ko lahaur bhejakar guru ke chak bula liya. ap ji ne guru pita ko matha teka aur milap ki khushi men chautha pad uchcharan kiya -

bhagu hoa guri sntu milaiia ..
prabhu abinasi ghar mahi paiia ..
seva kari palu chasa n vichhuda jan nanak das tumare jiu .. 4 ..
hu gholi jiu gholi ghumaee jan nanak das tumare jiu .. rahau .. 1 .. 8 ..[2]

guru pita prathae ati shradha aur prem pragat karane vali yah mithi bani sunakar guru ji bahut khush hue. unhonne apako har prakar se gaddi ke yogy manakar bhaee budda ji aur bhaee guradas adi sikho se vichar karake apane bhadr sudi ekam snvath 1639 ko sab sngat ke samane panch paise aur nariyal apaji ke age rakhakar tin parikrama karake guru nanak ji ki gaddi ko matha tek diya. apane sab sikh sngat ko vachan kiya ki aj se shri arjan dev ji hi gurugaddi ke malik hain. inako ap hamara hi roop samajhana aur sada inaki agya men rahana.[1]

guruji ki shahidi

jahangir ne guru ji ko sandesh bheja. badashah ka sandesh padakar guru ji ne apana antim samay najadik samajhakar apane das-gyarah saputr shri harigobind ji ko gurutv de diya. unhonne bhaee budda ji, bhaee guradas ji adi buddhiman sikhon ko ghar bahar ka kam saunp diya. is prakar sari sngat ko dhairy dekar guru ji apane sath panch sikhon-

  • bhaee jetha ji
  • bhaee paida ji
  • bhaee bidhia ji
  • lngaha ji
  • pirana ji

ko sath lekar lahaur pahunche. doosare din jab ap apane panch sikhon sahit jahangir ke darabar men ge. to usane kaha apane mere bagi putr ko rasad aur ashirvad diya hai. apako do lakh rupaye zurmana dena padega nahin to shahi dand bhugatana padega. guru ji ko chup dekhakar chndoo ne kaha ki main inhen apane ghar le jakar samajhaoonga ki yah zurmana de den aur kisi chor dakait ko apane pas n rakhen. chndoo unhen apane sath ghar men le gaya. jisamen panch sikhon ko dyodhi men aur guru ji ko dyodhi ke andar kaid kar diya. chndoo ne guru ji ko akele bulakar yah kaha ki main apaka jurmana maph kara doonga, koee poochhatachh bhi nahin hogi. isake badale men apako meri beti ka rishta apane bete ke sath karana hoga aur apane grnth men mohamad sahib ki stuti likhani hogi. guru ji ne kaha divan sahib! rishte ki babat jo hamare sikhon ne phaisala kiya hai, ham us par pabndh hain. hamare sikhon ko apaka rishta svikar nahin hai. doosari bat apane mohamad sahib ki stuti likhane ki bat ki hai yah bhi hamare vash ki bat nahin hai. ham kisi ki khushi ke lie isamen alag koee bat nahin likh sakate. prani matr ke upadesh ke lie hamen karatar se jo prerana milati hai isamen ham vahi likh sakaten hain.

sharir tyagane ka samay

guru ji ka yah uttar sunate hi chndoo bhadak utha. usane apane sipahiyon ko hukam diya ki inhen kisi adami se na milane diya jae aur na hi kuchh khane pine ko diya jae. doosare din jab guru ji ne chndoo ki donon bate manane se inkar kar diya to usane pani ki ek deg garm kara kar guru ji ko usamen bitha diya. guru ji ko pani ki ubalati huee deg men baitha dekhakar sikhon men hahakar mach gee. vai jaise hi guru ji ko nikalane ke lie age hue, sipahiyon ne unako khoob mara. sikhon par atyachar hote dekh guru ji ne unako kaha, parameshvar ka hukam manakar shant raho. hamare sharir tyagane ka samay ab a gaya hai. jab guru ji chndoo ki bat phir bhi na mane, to usane guru ji ke sharir par garm ret dalavaee. parantu guru ji shanti ke punj adol bane rahe "tera bhana mitha lage" hari nam padarth nanak mangai" padate rahe.| dekhane aur sunane vale trahi-trahi kar uthe, parantu koee kuchh bhi nahin kar paya. guru ji ka sharir chhalon se phoolakar bahut bhayanak roop dharan kar gaya. tisare din jab guru ji ne phir chndoo ki bat mani, to usane loh garm karava kar guru ji ko usapar bitha diya. guru ji itane pidagrast sharir se garm loh par prabhu men liv jodakar adol baithe rahe. log hahakar kar uthe.

jyoti-jyot samana

jab din nikala to chndoo phir apani bat manane ke lie guru ji ke pas pahuncha. parantu guru ji ne phir bat na mani. usane guru ji se kaha ki aj apako mrit gae ke kachche chamade men silava diya jaega. usaki bat jaise hi guru ji ne suni to guru ji kahane lage ki pahale ham ravi nadi men snan karana chahate hai, phir jo apaki ichchha ho kar lena. guru ji ki jaise hi yah bat chndoo ne suni to khush ho gaya ki in chhalon se sade hue sharir ko jab nadi ka thnda pani lagega to yah aur bhi dukhi honge. achchha yahi hai ki inako snan ki agya de di jae. chndoo ne apane sipahiyon ko hukam diya ki jao inhe ravi men snan kar lao. tab guru ji apane panch sikhon sahit ravi par a ge. guru ji ne nadi ke kinare baithakar chadar odakar "japuji sahib" ka path karake bhaee lngah adi sikhon ko kaha ki ab hamari paralok gaman ki taiyari hai. ap ji shri harigobind ko dhairy dena aur kahana ki shok nahin karana, karatar ka hukam manana. hamare sharir ko jal pravah hi karana, snskar nahin karana.

nidhan

isake pashchath guru ji ravi men pravesh karake apana sharir tyag kar sachakhnd ji biraje. us din jyeshth sudi chauth snvat 1553 vikrami thi. guru ji ka jyoti jyot samane ka sare shahar men bada shok banaya gaya. guru ji ke sharir tyagane ke sthan par gurudvara dhera sahib lahaur shahi kile ke pas vidyaman hai.[1]

vishesh bindu

  • guru arjan dev ke svayn ke lagabhag do hazar shabd guru grnth sahab men snkalit hain.
  • arjan dev ki rachana 'sushamanapath' ka sikkh nity parayan karate hain.
  • arjan dev ne apane pita dvara amritasar nagar ke nirman kary ko age badhaya tha.
  • inhonne 'amrit sarovar' ka nirman karakar usamen 'haramndir sahab' ka nirman karaya, jisaki ninv soofi snt miyan mir ke hathon se rakhavaee gee thi.
  • taranataran nagar bhi guru arjan dev ke samay men basa hua ek nagar hai.
  • mugal samrat akabar bhi guru arjan dev ka samman karata tha.
  • arjan dev ne sarvajanik suvidha ke lie jo kam kie unase akabar bahut prabhavit tha.
  • arjan dev ke badhate hue prabhav ko jahangir sahan nahin kar saka, aur usane apane putr khusaron ki sahayata se arjan dev ko qaid kar liya.
  • jahangir dvara qaid men guru arjan dev ko tarah-tarah ki yatanaen di geen. inhin paristhitiyon men 30 mee, 1606 ee. men ravi nadi ke tat par akar guru arjan dev ka dehant ho gaya.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

sharma, liladhar bharatiy charit kosh (hindi). bharat diskavari pustakalay: shiksha bharati, dilli, prishth 234.

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 shri guru arjan dev ji jivan-parichay (hindi) adhyatmik jagath. abhigaman tithi: 14 apral, 2013.
  2. (panna 93 - 97)

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