गुरु हरगोबिंद सिंह  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

guru haragobind sinh
Guru-hargobind.jpg
janm 14 joon, sanh 1595
janm bhoomi badali, amritasar
mrityu 3 march, 1644
mrityu sthan kiratapur, (pnjab)
abhibhavak mata- gnga, pita- guru arjan dev
karm bhoomi bharat
puraskar-upadhi sikkhon ke chhthe guru
vishesh yogadan guru haragobind sinh ne ek mazaboot sikkh sena sngathit ki aur apane pita guru arjun ke nirdeshanusar sikkh pnth ko yoddha-charitr pradan kiya tha.
nagarikata bharatiy
poorvadhikari guru arjan dev
uttaradhikari guru hararay

guru haragobind sinh (angrezi: Guru Hargobind Singh) sikkhon ke chhathe guru the, jinaka janm mata gnga v pita guru arjun sinh ke yahan 14 joon, sanh 1595 ee. men badali (bharat) men hua tha. guru haragobind sinh ne ek mazaboot sikkh sena sngathit ki aur apane pita guru arjun ke (mugal shasakon ke hathon 1606 men pahale sikkh shahid) nirdeshanusar sikkh pnth ko yoddha-charitr pradan kiya tha. guru haragobind sinh 25 mee, 1606 ee. ko sikkhon ke chhathe guru bane the aur ve is pad par 28 faravari, 1644 ee. tak rahe.

itihas

guru haragovind se pahale sikkh pnth nishkriy tha. pratik roop men astr-shastr dharan kar, haragovind guru ke takht par baithe. unhonne apana zyadatar samay yuddh prashikshan ev yuddh kala men lagaya tatha bad men vah kushal talavarabaz aur kushti v ghud savari men mahir ho ge. tamam virodh ke bavazood haragovind ne apani sena sngathit ki aur apane shaharon ki qilebndi ki. 1609 men unhonne amritasar men akal takht (eeshvar ka sinhasan ) ka nirman kiya, isamen snyukt roop se ek mndir aur sabhagar hain, jahan sikh-rashtriyata se snbndhit adhyatmik aur sansarik mamalon ko nipataya ja sakata tha.

sikkhon ke prati astha

unhonne amritasar ke nikat ek qila banavaya aur usaka nam lauhagadh rakha. unhonne badi kushalata se apane anuyayiyon men yuddh ke lie ichchhashakti aur atmavishvas paida kiya. mugal badashah jahangir ne sikkhon ki mazaboot hoti huee sthiti ko khatara manakar guru haragobind sinh ko gvaliyar men qaid kar liya. guru haragobind sinh barah varsho tak qaid men rahe, lekin unake prati sikkhon ki astha aur mazaboot huee. antat: mugalon ka virodh karane vale bharatiy rajyon ke khilaf sikkhon ka samarthan prapt karane ke uddeshy se badashah pichhe hate aur guru ko riha kar diya. haragobind ne yah bhanpakar ki mugalon ke sath sngharsh ka samay nazadik hai, apani purani yuddh niti jari rakhi.

dharm ki raksha

jahangir ki mrityu (1627) ke bad ne mugal badashah shahajahan ne ugrata se sikkhon par atyachar shuroo kiya. mugalon ki ajeyata ko jhuthalate hue guru haragovind ke netrivy men sikkhon ne char bar shahajahan ki sena ko mat di. is prakar apane poorvajon dvara sthapit adarshon men guru haragobind sinh ne ek aur adarsh joda, sikkhon ka yah adhikar aur kartavy hai ki agar zarurat ho, to ve talavar uthakar bhi apane dharm ki raksha karen. apani mrityu se thik pahale guru haragovind ne apane pote guru har ray ko apana uttaradhikari niyukt kiya.

sikkh dharm men divali

sikkhon ke chhathe guru haragobind sinh ji ko divali vale din mugal badashah jahangir ki qaid se mukti mili thi. guru haragobind sinh ji ki badhati shakti se ghabara kar mugal badashah jahangir ne unhen aur unake 52 sathiyon ko gvaliyar ke qile men bndi banaya hua tha. jahangir ne sanh 1619 ee. men desh bhar ke logon dvara haragovind sinh ji ko chhodane ki apil par guru ko divali vale din mukt kiya tha. haragovind sinh ji kaid se mukt hote hi amritasar pahunche aur vahan vishesh prarthana ka ayojan kiya gaya. haragovind sinh ji ke riha hone ki khushi men guru ki mata ne sabhi logon men mithaee banti aur charon or dip jalae ge. isi vazah se sikkh dharm men divali ko 'bndi chhod divas' ke roop men manaya jata hai. sanh 1577 men divali ke din hi amritasar ke prasidgh svarn mndir ki ninv rakhi gee thi. sikkh dharm men divali ke tyohar ko tin din tak annd ke sath manaya jata hai. amritasar men divali ke din vishesh samaroh ka ayojan kiya jata hai, jisamen door-door se log ate hain. pavitr sarovar men is din log subah-subah dubaki lagate hain aur svarn mndir ke darshan karate hain.

hastalikhit lekh

badayoon men kanshiramaganar janapad ke qasba soro men sikkhon ke guru shri haragovind sinh ji maharaj ka hastalikhit lekh (hukumanama) mila hai. nanakamatta ke karasevak baba tarasem sinh ne aj vahan jakar use dekha aur use hasil karane ke prayas shuroo kar die hain.

mrityu

badashah jahangir ke adesh se panchaven guru arjun ko fansi de di jane par guru haragobind sinh gaddi par baithe. ve keval dharmopadeshak hi nahin, kushal sngathanakarta bhi the aur unhonne apane anuyayiyon ko shastr dharan karane ke lie prerit kiya tatha chhoti si sena ikatthi kar li. isase kupit hokar badashah jahangir ne unako barah varsh tak qaid men dale rakha. riha hone par unhonne shahajahan ke khilaf bagavat kar di aur 1628 ee. men amritasar ke nikat sngram men shahi fauj ko hara diya. ant men unhen kashmir ke pahad men sharan leni padi, jahan san 1644 ee. men kiratapur (pnjab) bharat men unaki mrityu ho gee.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika-tippani aur sndarbh

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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