गुरु तेग़ बहादुर  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

guru teg bahadur
guru teg bahadur sinh
poora nam guru teg bahadur sinh
janm 18 aprail, 1621
janm bhoomi amritasar, pnjab
mrityu 24 navambar, 1675
mrityu sthan chandani chauk, nee dilli
abhibhavak guru haragovind sinh aur mata nanaki
pati/patni mata gujari
sntan guru govind sinh
karm bhoomi bharat
puraskar-upadhi sikkhon ke nauven guru
nagarikata bharatiy

guru teg bahadur (angrezi: Guru Tegh Bahadur, janm: 18 aprail, 1621 ee.; mrityu: 24 navambar, 1675 ee.)[1] sikkhon ke nauven guru the. vishv ke itihas men dharm evn siddhanton ki raksha ke lie pranon ki ahuti dene valon men inaka advitiy sthan hai. teg bahadur ji ke balidan se hinduon v hindoo dharm ki raksha huee. hindoo dharm ke log bhi unhen yad karate aur unase snbndhit karyakramon men bhag lete hain. teg bahadur sinh 20 march, 1664 ko sikkhon ke guru niyukt hue the aur 24 navnbar, 1675 tak gaddi par asin rahe.

jivan parichay

guru teg bahadur ji ka janm pnjab ke amritasar nagar men hua tha. ye guru haragovind ji ke panchaven putr the. athaven guru inake pote 'harikrishn ray' ji ki akal mrityu ho jane ke karan janamat dvara ye navam guru banae ge. inhonne anandapur sahib ka nirman karaya aur ye vahin rahane lage the. unaka bachapan ka nam tyagamal tha. matr 14 varsh ki ayu men apane pita ke sath mugalon ke hamale ke khilaf hue yuddh men unhonne virata ka parichay diya. unaki virata se prabhavit hokar unake pita ne unaka nam tyagamal se teg bahadur (talavar ke dhani) rakh diya.

yuddhasthal men bhishan raktapat se guru teg bahadur ji ke vairagi man par gahara prabhav pada aur unaka ka man adhyatmik chintan ki or hua. dhairy, vairagy aur tyag ki moorti guru teg bahadur ji ne ekant men lagatar 20 varsh tak 'baba bakala' namak sthan par sadhana ki. athaven guru harakishan ji ne apane uttaradhikari ka nam ke lie 'baba bakale' ka nirdesh diya. guru ji ne dharm ke prasar lie kee sthanon ka bhraman kiya. anndapur sahab se kiratapur, ropan, saiphabad hote hue ve khiala (khadal) pahunche. yahan upadesh dete hue damadama sahab se hote hue kurukshetr pahunche. kurukshetr se yamuna ke kinare hote hue kadamanakapur pahunche aur yahin par unhonne sadhu bhaee malookadas ka uddhar kiya.

isake bad guru teg bahadur ji prayag, banaras, patana, asam adi kshetron men ge, jahan unhonne adhyatmik, samajik, arthik, unnayan ke lie rachanatmak kary kie. adhyatmikata, dharm ka gyan banta. roodhiyon, andhavishvason ki alochana kar naye adarsh sthapit kie. unhonne paropakar ke lie kuen khudavana, dharmashalaen banavana adi kary bhi kie. inhin yatraon men 1666 men guruji ke yahan patana sahab men putr ka janm hua. jo dasaven guru- guru govind sinh bane.

balidan ki katha

guru teg bahadur ji sikhon ke nauven guru mane jate hain. aurngazeb ke shasan kal ki bat hai. aurngazeb ke darabar men ek vidvanh pndit akar roz gita ke shlok padhata aur usaka arth sunata tha, par vah pndit gita men se kuchh shlok chhod diya karata tha. ek din pndit bimar ho gaya aur aurngazeb ko gita sunane ke lie usane apane bete ko bhej diya parantu use batana bhool gaya ki use kin kin shlokon ka arth raja se samane nahin karana tha. pndit ke bete ne jakar aurngazeb ko poori gita ka arth suna diya. gita ka poora arth sunakar aurngazeb ko yah gyan ho gaya ki pratyek dharm apane apamen mahanh hai kintu aurngajeb ki hathadharmita thi ki vah apane ke dharm ke atirikt kisi doosare dharm ki prashnsa sahan nahin thi. aurngazeb ne sabako islam dharm apanane ka adesh de diya aur snbndhit adhikari ko yah kary saunp diya. aurngazeb ne kaha -'sabase kah do ya to islam dharm kabool karen ya maut ko gale laga len.' is prakar ki zabardasti shuroo ho jane se any dharm ke logon ka jivan kathin ho gaya.

julm se grast kashmir ke pndit guru teg bahadur ke pas ae aur unhen bataya ki kis prakar ‍islam ko svikar karane ke lie atyachar kiya ja raha hai, yatanaen di ja rahi hain. hamen mara ja raha hai. kripaya ap hamare dharm ko bachaie. guru teg bahadur jab logon ki vyatha sun rahe the, unake 9 varshiy putr bala pritam (guru govindasinh) vahan ae aur unhonne pitaji se poochha-

'pitaji, ye sab itane udas kyon hain? ap kya soch rahe hain?'
guru teg bahadur ne kashmiri pnditon ki sari samasyaen bala pritam ko bataeen to unhonne poochha- 'isaka hal kaise hoga?'
guru sahib ne kaha- 'isake lie balidan dena hoga.'
bala pritam ne kaha-' apase mahanh purush koee nahin hai. balidan dekar ap in sabake dharm ko bachaie.'
us bachche ki baten sunakar vahan upasthit logon ne poochha- 'yadi apake pita balidan denge to ap yatim ho jaenge. apaki man vidhava ho jaegin.'
bala pritam ne uttar diya- 'yadi mere akele ke yatim hone se lakhon bachche yatim hone se bach sakate hain ya akele meri mata ke vidhava hone jane se lakhon mataen vidhava hone se bach sakati hai to mujhe yah svikar hai.'

tatpashchath guru teg bahadur ji ne pnditon se kaha ki ap jakar aurngazeb se kah ‍den ki yadi guru teg bahadur ne islam dharm grahan kar liya to unake bad ham bhi islam dharm grahan kar lenge aur yadi ap guru teg bahadur ji se islam dharan nahin karava pae to ham bhi islam dharm dharan nahin karenge'. aurngazeb ne yah svikar kar liya.

guru teg bahadur dilli men aurngazeb ke darabar men svayn ge. aurngazeb ne unhen bahut se lalach die, par guru teg bahadur ji nahin mane to un par zulm kie gaye, unhen kaid kar liya gaya, do shishyon ko marakar guru teg bahadur ji ko darane ki koshish ki gayi, par ve nahin mane. unhonne aurngajeb se kaha- 'yadi tum zabardasti logon se islam dharm grahan karavaoge to tum sachche musalaman nahin ho kyonki islam dharm yah shiksha nahin deta ki kisi par julm karake muslim banaya jae.'

balidan

aurngajeb yah sunakar agababoola ho gaya. usane dilli ke chandani chauk par guru teg bahadur ji ka shish katane ka hukm zari kar diya aur guru ji ne 24 navambar 1675 ko hnsate-hnsate balidan de diya. guru teg bahaduraji ki yad men unake 'shahidi sthal' par gurudvara bana hai, jisaka nam gurudvara 'shish gnj sahib' hai.

lekhan kary

guru teg bahadur ji ki bahut si rachanaen grnth sahab ke mahala 9 men sngrahit hain. inhonne shuddh hindi men saral aur bhavayukt 'padon' aur 'sakhi' ki rachanayen ki. sanh 1675 men guru ji dharm ki raksha ke lie anyay aur atyachar ke viruddh apane char shishyon ke sath dharmik aur vaicharik svatntrata ke lie shahid ho ge. unake advitiy balidan ne desh ki 'sarv dharm sam bhav' ki snskriti ko sudridh banaya aur dharmik, sanskritik, vaicharik svatntrata ke sath nirbhayata se jivan jine ka mntr bhi diya.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. Guru Tegh Bahadur

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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