अकाली  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

akali ka arth hai 'amaranashil' jo 'akal purush' shabd se liya gaya hai. akali sainik sadhuon ka pnth hai, jisaki sthapana sanh 1690 ee. men huee. uparyukt navon sikkh sampradan nanakashahi 'pnjagranthi' se prarthana adi karate hain. 'japuji', 'raharas', 'sohila', 'sukhamani' evn 'asa-di-var' ka sngrah hi 'pnjagranthi' hai.

sikkhon men 'sahijadhari' aur 'sinh' do vibhag hain. sahijadhari ve hain, jo vishesh roop ya bana nahin dharan karate. inaki nanakapnthi, udasi, handali, min, ramarnj aur sevapnthi chh: shakhaen hain. sinh logon ke tin pnth hain-

  1. khalasa, jise guru govind sinh ne chalaya.
  2. nirmal, jise virasinh ne chalaya
  3. akali, jise manasinh ne chalaya.

akali sampraday

akali sampraday doosare sikkh sampradayon se bhinn hai. kyonki naga tatha gosaiyon ki tarah inaka yah sainik sngathan hai. isake snsthapak moolat: svayn guru govind sinh the. akali nili dharidar poshak pahanate hain, kalaee par lohe ka kada, oonchi tikoni nili pagadi men tez dharavala lohachakr, katar, chhuri tatha lohe ki jnjir dharan karate hain. sainik ki haisiyat se akali 'nihng' kahe jate hain. jisaka arth hai 'aniyntrit'. sikkhon ke itihas men inaka mahattvapoorn sthan hai.

akal bunga

isi parnpara men sikkhon ke chhathe guru haragovind ne akal bunge ki sthapana ki. bunge ka arth hai ek bada bhavan jisake oopar gunbaj ho. isake bhitar akal takht (amritasar men svarn mndir ke sammukh) ki rachana ki gee aur isi bhavan men akaliyon ki gupt mntranaen aur goshthiyan hone lagin. inamen jo nirnay hote the unhen gurumatan arthath‌ guru ka adesh nam diya gaya. dharmik samaroh ke roop men ye sammelan hote the.

khalasa pnth

30 march, sanh‌ 1699 ko guru govindasinh ne khalasa pnth ki sthapana ki. is pnth ke anuyayi akali hi the. aurngajeb ke atyacharon ka mukabala karane ke lie akali khalasa sena ke roop men samane ae. guru ne unhen nile vastr pahanane ka adesh diya aur panch kakar (kachchh, kada, kripan, kesh tatha kngha) dharan karana bhi unake lie anivary hua. akali sena ki ek shakha saradar manasinh ke netritv men nihng sinhi ke nam se prasiddh huee. pharasi bhasha men nihng ka arth magaramachchh hai jisaka tatpary us nirbhay vyakti se hai jo kisi atyachar ke samaksh nahin jhukata.

mahatma gandhi dvara sahayog

akaliyon ki sahayata men mahatma gandhi ne bada yog diya aur bharatiy kangres ne akali andolan ko poora-poora sahayog diya. angrejon ne bhi akaliyon ki virata se bhayabhit hokar hamesha unhen dabane ka prayas kiya. idhar akali itihas men ek naya adhyay arnbh hua. jo gurudvare aur dharmashalaen dason sikkh guruon ne dharmaprachar aur janata ki seva ke lie sthapit ki thin aur jinhen sadridh rakhane ke lie maharaj ranajit sinh ne badi-badi jagiren lagava di thin ve angreji rajy ke samay anek nich acharan vale mahnton aur pujariyon ke adhikar men pahunch gee thin. unamen sab prakar ke duracharan hone lage the. unake virodh men kuchh sikkh tarunon ne gurudvaron ke uddhar ke lie aktoobar, sanh‌ 1920 men akaliyon ki ek nee sena ekatrit ki. isaka uddeshy akaliyon ki poorv parnpara ke anusar tyag aur pavitrata ka vrat lena tha. inhonne kee nagaron men atyachari mahnton ko hatakar mathon par adhikar kar liya.

is samay gurunanak ki janmabhoomi nanakana sahab (jila shekhapura, vartaman pakistan men) ke gurudvare par mahnt narayan das ka adhikar tha. usase mukt karane ke lie bhi gurumata (prastav) pas kiya gaya. saradar lakshman sinh ne 200 akaliyon ke sath chadhaee ki; parntu unaka tatha unake sathiyon ka badi nirdayata ke sath vadh kar diya gaya aur unhen nana prakar ki kroor yatanaen di geen. aur bhi bahut se mathon ko chhinane men akaliyon ko anek balidan karane pade. british sarakar ne pahale mahnton ki bharapoor sahayata ki parntu ant men akaliyon ki jit huee. sanh‌ 1925 tak samast gurudvare, shiromani gurudvara kameti ke antargat dhara 195 ke anusar a ge.[1]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. hindi vishvakosh, khand 1 |prakashak: nagari pracharini sabha, varanasi |snkalan: bharat diskavari pustakalay |prishth snkhya: 66 |

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