Makhanchor.jpg bharatakosh ki or se ap sabhi ko krishn janmashtami ki hardik shubhakamanaen Makhanchor.jpg

नागा  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

harnabil tyohar manate hue naga

naga bharat ki pramukh janajatiyon men se ek hai. bharat ke uttar-poorvi rajy nagalaind, jisamen nnga parvat shreniyan phaili huee hain, naga janajati ka mool nivas sthan hai. 'naga' shabd ki utpatti ke bare men vidvanon ke vichar bhinn-bhinn hain. kuchh ki manyata hai ki yah shabd snskrit ke 'naga' shabd se nikala hai, jisaka arth 'pahad' se hota hai aur is par rahane vale log 'pahadi' ya 'naga' kahalate hain. kachchhari bhasha men 'naga' se tatpary 'ek yuva bahadur ladakoo vyakti' se liya jata hai. tolmi ke anusar 'naga' ka arth 'nnge' rahane vale vyaktiyon se hai. daauktar vairiyar ilvin ka kathan hai ki 'naga' shabd ki utpatti 'naauk' ya 'log' se huee hai. at: uttari-poorvi bharat men rahane vale in logon ko 'naga' kahate hain. nnge rahane se 'naga' shabd ka sambandh nahin mana jata, kyonki yah janajati poornat: nngi nahin rahati.

svabhav

naga log svabhav se ladakoo hote hue bhi saral aur dil ke sachche hote hain. ve sahanashil hote hain, kintu shatruta ho jane par jan ke pichhe bhi pad jate hain. ek bar mitrata ho jane par pichhali shatruta bhulakar sada ke lie hitaishi aur mitr ban jate hain.

utpatti vivad

harnabil tyohar manate hue naga

'naga' logon ki utpatti ke bare men vivad paya jata hai. aisi manyata hai ki in logon ka sambandh 'indi-mngolaauyad' prajati se hai, jo ki sampoorn poorvi simavarti bhagon men paee jati hai.

nivas kshetr

naga jati nagalaind men kohima, mokokachung aur tuenasang zilon men tatha manipur rajy men paee jati hai. is pradesh men nnga pahadiyan char samanantar shreniyon men phaili hain, jo sabhi uttar-poorvi disha men hain, inake nam hain- 'lngavennakong', 'asukong', 'changikong' aur 'chavikong'. is kshetr men naga janajati ka sabase adhik kendrikaran nnga parvaton par hua hai.

sharirik gathan

is janajati ke logon ki chamadi ka rng halke pile se gahara bhoora, chehara lalaee lie hue, bal kale, ghungharale, sidhe tatha laharadar, ankhen gahari bhoori, mngol akriti ki, gal ki haddiyan ubhari hueen, dadhi aur moonchhon ke bal kam, honth sadharanat: patale, thuddi andakar, sir chauda, sharir se madhyam akar ka, nak chaudi se snkari, nathune chaude, sharir ka gathan sundar tatha qad madhyam se lamba hota hai. prajatiy drishti se inaka sambandh indo-mngoliyan logon se mana jata hai.

bhojan

naga jati men krishi utpadan avashyakatanusar nahin hota, at: bhojan ke abhav ko poora karane ke lie ye shikar, kandamool, phal, adi se bhojan ki bharapaee karate hain. nagaon ka mukhy bhojan chaval hai, kintu chaval, mans, machhali aur sabjiyon ko namak tatha mirchi ke sath alag-alag ubala jata hai.
harnabil tyohar manate hue naga
chaval mitti ke bartanon men aur bans ki naliyon men pakaya jata hai. billi ko chhodakar sabhi ghareloo pashuon ka ye log mans khate hain. naga logon men gay, bail, sanp, medhak, machhali aur kachhua ka mans bada svadisht mana jata hai. naga purushon ke lie jin pashuon ka mans khana nishiddh hai, ve hain- chita, tendua, gibban, jngali kutta, chamagamagadad, gilahari, giddh, ulloo, kaua, dharidar battakh, adi. naga striyon ke lie in pashuon ke atirikt hathi, bakari, gay, bhaloo, kutta, bandar, oont, bans-chooha, medhak, shvet chitiyan, adi ka mans khana bhi varjit hai.

devata

naga log mukhyat: tin devataon ko manate hain. svarg ka svami 'lugn kinajingaba', jo sabhi praniyon ke bhagy ka nirdharan karata hai aur jo kisi ko hani nahin pahunchata. 'lijaba', prithvi ka svami, jo prithvi ka janmadata mana jata hai tatha jo varsha, toofan, janm, mrityu bimari aur manav kalyan ko niyntrit karata hai. 'mojoogn', jo mritak ki dekhabhal karata hai. inake atirikt inake aur bhi devata hote hain. sabhi devataon ko prasann karane ke lie utsavon par pashuon ki bali chadaee jati hai.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

snbndhit lekh

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