बाँस  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

bans
Bamboo-herb.jpg
jagat padap
sngh pushpi padap
varg ek bijapatri
gan Poales
kul poesi
prajati Bambusoideae
dvipad nam bamboosa / Bambusa

bans graminiee kul ki ek atynt upayogi ghas hai, jo bharat ke pratyek kshetr men paee jati hai. bans ek samoohik shabd hai, jisamen anek jatiyan sammilit hain. mukhy jatiyan, bainbyoosa, dendrokelaimas (nar bans) adi hain. bainbyoosa shabd marathi bainboo ka laitin nam hai. isake lagabhag 24 vnsh bharat men pae jate hain. bharat men pae jane vale vibhinn prakar ke banson ka vargikaran da. braindis ne praknd ke anusar is prakar kiya hai :

(a)- kuchh men bhoomigat praknd chhota aur mota hota hai. shakhaen samoohik roop se nikalati hain. uparyukt praknd vale bans nimnalikhit hain :

  1. baibyoosa arndinesi- hindi men ise vedur bans kahate hain. yah madhy tatha dakshin-pashchim bharat evn barma (vartaman myanmar) men bahutayat se paya jane vala kantedar bans hai. 30 se 50 phut tak oonchi shakhaen 30 se 100 ke samooh men paee jati hain. bauddh lekhon tatha bharatiy aushadhi grnthon men isaka ullekh milata hai.
  2. bainbyoosa spayanosa- pashchim bngal, asam tatha barma ka kantedar bans hai, jisaki kheti uttari-pashchimi bharat men ki jati hai. hindi men ise bihar bans kahate hain.
  3. bainbyoosa toolla- yah bngal ka mukhy bans hai, jise hindi men peka bans kahate hain.
  4. bainbyoosa valagairis- pili evn hari dhari vala bans hai, jo poore bharat men paya jata hai.
  5. dendrokailaimas ke anek vnsh, jo shivalik pahadiyon tatha himalay ke uttar-pashchimi bhagon aur pashchimi ghat par bahutayat se pae jate hain.

(b)- kuchh banson men praknd bhoomi ke niche hi phailata hai. yah lnba aur patala hota hai tatha isamen ek-ek karake shakhaen nikalati hain. aise praknd vale bans nimnalikhit hain :

  1. bainbyoosa nootains- yah bans 5,000 se 7,000 phut ki oonchaee par nepal, sikkim, asam tatha bhootan men hota hai. isaki lakadi bahut upayogi hoti hai.
  2. mailokena- yah bans poorvi bngal evn barma (vartaman myanmar) men bahutayat se paya jata hai.

tana

bans ka sabase upayogi bhag tana hai. ushn katibndh men bans bade bade samoohon men paya jata hai. bans ke tane se nee nee shakhaen nirntar bahar ki or nikalakar isake ghere ko badhati hain, kintu samashitoshn evn shitakatibndh men yah samooh apekshakrit chhota hota hai tatha tanon ki lnbaee hi badhati hai. tanon ki lnbaee 30 se 150 phut tak evn chaudaee 1 / 4 inch se lekar ek phut tak hoti hai. tana men parv, parvasndhi se juda rahata hai. kisi kisi men poora tana thos hi rahata hai. niche ke do tihaee bhag men koee tahani nahin hoti. nee shakhaon ke oopar pattiyon ki snrachana dekhakar hi vibhinn banson ki pahachan hoti hai. pahale tin mah men shakhaen ausat roop se tin inch prati din badhati hain, isake bad inamen niche se oopar ki or lagabhag 10 se 50 inch tak tana banata hai. tane ki mazabooti usamen ekatrit silika tatha usaki motaee par nirbhar hai. pani men bahut din tak bans kharab nahin hote aur kidon ke karan nasht hone ki snbhavana rahati hai.

bans ke phool evn phal

bans ka jivan 1 se 50 varsh tak hota hai, jab tak ki phool nahin khilate. phool bahut hi chhote, rngahin, bina dnthal ke, chhote chhote guchchhon men pae jate hain. sabase pahale ek phool men tin char, chhote, sookhe tush pae jate hain. inake bad nav ke akar ka antapushpakavach hota hai. chhah punkesar hote hain. andashay ke oopari bhag par bahut chhote chhote bal hote hain. isamen ek hi dana banata hai. sadharanat: bans tabhi phoolata hai jab sookhe ke kheti mari jati hai aur durbhiksh padata hai. shushk evn garam hava ke karan pattiyon ke sthan par kaliyan khilati hain. phool khilane par pattiyan jhad jati hain. bahut se bans ek varsh men phoolate hain. aise kuchh bans nilagiri ki pahadiyon par milate hain. bharat men adhikansh bans samuhik tatha samayik roop se phoolate hain. isake bad hi bans ka jivan samapt ho jata hai. sookhe tane girakar rasta bnd kar dete hain. agale varsh varsha ke bad bijon se nee kalamen phoot padati hain aur jngal phir hara ho jata hai. yadi phool khilane ka samay gyat ho, to kat chhantakar khilana roka ja sakata hai. pratyek bans men 4 se 20 ser tak jau ya chaval ke saman phal lagate hain. jab bhi ye lagate hain, chaval ki apeksha saste bikate hain. 1812 ee. ke udisa durbhiksh men ye garib janata ka ahar tatha jivan rakshak rahe.

bans ki kheti

bans bijon se dhire-dhire ugata hai. mitti men ane ke pratham saptah men hi bij ugana arnbh kar deta hai. kuchh banson men vriksh par do chhote-chhote ankur nikalate hain. 10 se 12 varshon ke bad kam layaq bans taiyar hote hain. bharat men dab kalam ke dvara inaki upaj ki jati hai. adhapake tanon ka nichala bhag, tin inch lnbaee men, thoda parvasndhi ke niche katakar, varsha shuroo hone ke bad laga dete hain. yadi isamen praknd ka bhi ansh ho to ati uttam hai. isake nichale bhag se nee-nee jaden nikalati hain.

bans ke kagaz

kagaz banane ke lie bans upayogi sadhan hai, jisase bahut hi kam dekhabhal ke sath sath bahut adhik matra men kagaz banaya ja sakata hai. is kriya men bahut si kathinaiyan jhelani padati hain. phir bhi bans ka kagaz banana chin evn bharat ka prachin udyog hai. chin men bans ke chhote bade sabhi bhagon se kagaz banaya jata hai. isake lie pattiyon ko chhantakar, tane ko chhote chhote tukadon men katakar, pani se bhare pokharon men choone ke sng tin char mah sadaya jata hai, jisake bad use badi -badi ghoomati huee okhaliyon men goondhakar, saf kiya jata hai. is lugdi ko avashyakatanusar rasayanak dalakar saphed ya rngin bana lete hain aur phir garam tavon par dabate tatha sukhate hain.

vnshalochan

visheshat: bainbyoosa aranh‌dinesi ke parv men paee jane vali, yah patharili vastu saphed ya halake nile rng ki hoti hai. arabi men ise tabashir kahate hain. yoonani grnthon men isaka ullekh milata hai. bharatavasi prachin kal se dava ki tarah isaka upayog karate rahe hain. yah thnda tatha balavardhak hota hai. vayudosh tatha dil evn phephade ki tarah-tarah ki bimariyon men isaka prayog hota hai. bukhar men isase pyas door hoti hai. bans ki nee shakhaon men ras ekatrit hone par vnshalochan banata hai aur tab isase sugndh nikalati hai.

vnshalochan se ek choorn bhi banata hai, jo mndagni ke lie vishesh upayogi hai. isamen 8 bhag vnshalochan, 10 bhag pipar, 10 bhag roomi mastagi tatha 12 bhag chhoti ilayachi rahati hai. choorn ko shahad ke sath milakar khane aur doodh pine se bahut shighr svasthyalabh hota hai.

bans ke any upayog

chhoti-chhoti tahaniyon tatha pattiyon ko dalakar ubala gaya pani, bachcha hone ke bad pet ki saphaee ke lie janavaron ko diya jata hai. jahan par daauktari aujar upalabdh nahin hote, bans ke tanon evn pattiyon ko kat chhantakar saphaee karake khapachchiyon ka upayog kiya jata hai. bans ka khokhala tana apng logon ka sahara hai. isake khule bhag men pair tika diya jata hai. bans ki khapachchiyon ko tarah tarah ki chataiyan, kursi, tebal, charapaee evn any vastuen bunane ke kam men laya jata hai. machhali pakadane ka kanta, daliya adi bans se hi banae jate hain. makan banane tatha pul bandhane ke lie yah atynt upayogi hai. isase tarah-tarah ki vastuen banaee jati hain, jaise chammach, chakoo, chaval pakane ka baratan. naga logon men pooja ke avasar par isi ka baratan kam men laya jata hai. isase kheti ke aujar, oon tatha soot katane ki takali banaee jati hai. chhoti-chhoti takhtiyan pani men bahakar, unase machhali pakadane ka kam liya jata hai. bans se tir, dhanush, bhale adi ladaee ke saman taiyar kie jate the. purane samay men bans ki kantedar jhadiyon se kilon ki raksha ki jati thi. painagis namak ek tej dhar vali chhoti vastu se dushmanon ke pran lie ja sakate hain. isase tarah-tarah ke baje, jaise- bansuri, vaauyalin, naga logon ka jyoors harp evn malaya ka aaukalang banaya jata hai. eshiya men isaki lakadi bahut upayogi mani jati hai aur chhoti-chhoti ghareloo vastuon se lekar makan banane tak ke kam ati hai. bans ka praroh khaya jata aur isaka achar tatha murabba bhi banata hai.

bans ke rog

sirtrontraikelas lanjipes nam ke kide se bans ki nee nee shakhaon ko bahut kshati pahunchati hai.[1]



panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. tripathi, ramaprasad “khand 8”, hindi vishvakosh, 1967 (hindi), bharatadiskavari pustakalay: nagari pracharini sabha varanasi, prishth sn 234-235.

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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