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शमी वृक्ष  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

shami vriksh
shami vriksh
jagat padap (Plantae)
sngh maignoliyofaita (Magnoliophyta)
varg yoodikots (Eudicots)
gan faibels (Fabales)
kul faibesi (Fabaceae)
jati prosopis (Prosopis)
prajati sinareriya (Prosopis)
dvipad nam prosopis sinareriya (Prosopis Prosopis)
any janakari rajasthan men shami vriksh ko 'khejadi' ke nam se jana jata hai. 'shami vriksh' ko hindoo dharm men bada hi pavitr mana gaya hai.

shami vriksh (angrezi:Prosopis cineraria) ko hindoo dharm men bada hi pavitr mana gaya hai. bharatiy parnpara men 'vijayadashami' par shami poojan ka pauranik mahatv raha hai. rajasthan men shami vriksh ko 'khejadi' ke nam se jana jata hai. yah moolatah registan men paya jane vala vriksh hai, jo thar marusthal evn any sthanon par bhi paya jata hai. angrezi men shami vriksh prosopis sinereriya ke nam se jana jata hai.

snrachana

shami vriksh ke sndarbh men kee pauranik kathaon ka adhar vidyaman hai. ygy parnpara men bhi shami ke patton ka havan gunakari mana gaya hai. shami ka vriksh ath se das mitar tak ooncha hota hai. shakhaon par kante hote hain. isaki pattiyan dvipakshavat hoti hain. shami ke phool chhote pitabh rng ke hote hain. praudh pattiyon ka rng rakh jaisa hota hai, isilie isaki prajati ka nam 'sinareriya' rakha gaya hai arthat 'rakh jaisa'.

mahattv

hindoo dharm men shami vriksh se judi kee manyataen hai, jaise-

  • vijayadashami ya dashahare ke din shami ke vriksh ki pooja karane ki pratha hai. manyata hai ki yah bhagavan shri ram ka priy vriksh tha aur lnka par akraman se pahale unhonne shami vriksh ki pooja karake usase vijayi hone ka ashirvad prapt kiya tha. aj bhi kee sthanon par 'ravan dahan' ke bad ghar lautate samay shami ke patte svarn ke pratik ke roop men ek doosare ko bantane ki pratha hain, isake sath hi karyon men saphalata milane ki kamana ki jati hai.[1]
  • shami vriksh ka varnan mahabharat kal men bhi milata hai. apane 12 varsh ke vanavas ke bad ek sal ke agyatavas men pandavon ne apane sare astr shastr isi ped par chhupaye the, jisamen arjun ka gandiv dhanush bhi tha. kurukshetr men kauravon ke sath yuddh ke liye jane se pahale bhi pandavon ne shami ke vriksh ki pooja ki thi aur usase shakti aur vijay prapti ki kamana ki thi. tabhi se yah mana jane laga hai ki jo bhi is vriksh ki pooja karata hai use shakti aur vijay prapt hoti hai.

shami shamayate papamh shami shatruvinashini .
arjunasy dhanurdhari ramasy priyadarshini ॥
karishyamanayatraya yathakalamh sukhamh maya .
tatranirvighnakartritvn bhav shriramapoojita ॥

arthat "he shami, ap papon ka kshay karane vale aur dushmanon ko parajit karane vale hain. ap arjun ka dhanush dharan karane vale hain aur shri ram ko priy hain. jis tarah shri ram ne apaki pooja ki main bhi karata hoon. meri vijay ke raste men ane vali sabhi badhaon se door kar ke use sukhamay bana dijiye.

any vishesh tathy

  • any katha ke anusar kavi kalidas ne shami ke vriksh ke niche baith kar tapasya karake hi gyan ki prapti ki thi.
  • shami vriksh ki lakadi ygy ki samidha ke lie pavitr mani jati hai. shanivar ko shami ki samidha ka vishesh mahattv hai. shani dev ko shant rakhane ke liye bhi shami ki pooja ki jati hai.
  • shami ko ganesh ji ka bhi priy vriksh mana jata hai aur isaki pattiyan ganesh ji ki pooja men bhi chadhaee jati hain.
  • bihar, jharakhand aur asapas ke kee rajyon men bhi is vriksh ko pooja jata hai. yah lagabhag har ghar ke daravaze ke dahini or laga dekha ja sakata hai. kisi bhi kam par jane se pahale isake darshan ko shubh mana jata hai.
  • rajasthan ke vishnoee samuday ke log shami vriksh ko amooly manate hain.
  • rigved ke anusar shami ke ped men ag paida karane ki kshamata hoti hai aur rigved ki hi ek katha ke anusar adim kal men sabase pahali bar puruon[2] ne shami aur pipal ki tahaniyon ko ragad kar hi ag paida ki thi.
  • kaviyon aur lekhakon ke liye shami bada mahatv rakhata hai. hindoo dharm men bhagavan chitragupt ko shabdon aur lekhani ka devata mana jata hai aur shabd-sadhak yam-dvitiya[3] ko yatha-snbhav shami ke ped ke niche usaki pattiyon se unaki pooja karate hain.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. vijayadashami, adhyay 10; smritikaustubh (355).
  2. chndravnshiyon ke poorvaj
  3. dipavali ke do din bad

snbndhit lekh

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