नीम  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

nim
Neem-tree.jpg
jagat padap
sngh Magnoliophyta
gan Sapindales
kul Meliaceae
jati A. indica
dvipad nam aja़dirakta indika / Azadirachta indica

nim ek chamatkari vriksh mana jata hai. nim jo prayah sarv sulabh vriksh asani se mil jata hai.

  • nim ke ped poore dakshin eshiya men phaile hain aur hamare jivan se jude hue hain. nim ek bahut hi achchhi vanaspati hai jo ki bharatiy paryavaran ke anukool hai aur bharat men bahutayat men paya jata hai. bharat men isake aushadhiy gunon ki janakari hazaron salon se rahi hai.
  • bharat men ek kahavat prachalit hai ki jis dharati par nim ke ped hote hain, vahan mrityu aur bimari kaise ho sakati hai. lekin, ab any desh bhi isake gunon ke prati jagarook ho rahe hain. nim hamare lie ati vishisht v poojaniy vriksh hai. nim ko snskrit men nimb, vanaspati vigyan men 'azadirekta- indika (Azadirecta-indica) athava Melia azadirachta kahate hai.

gun

yah vriksh apane aushadhi gun ke karan parnparik ilaj men bahupayogi siddh hota a raha hai. nim svabhav se kadava jarur hota hai, parantu isake aushadhiy gun bade hi mithe hote hai. tabhi to nim ke bare men kaha jata hai ki ek nim aur sau hakim donon barabar hai. isamen kee tarah ke kadave parantu svasthyavardhak padarth hote hai, jiname margosin, nimbidin, nimbesterol pramukh hai. nim ke sarvarogahari gunon se bhara pada hai. yah harbal oragenik pestisaid sabun, entiseptik krim, datun, madhumeh nashak choorn, kosmetik adi ke roop men prayog kiya jata hai. nim ki chhal men aise gun hote hain, jo danton aur masoodhon men lagane vale tarah-tarah ke baiktiriya ko panapane nahin dete hain, jisase dant svasth v mazaboot rahate hain.

gramin aushadhalay

nim
nim ki patti, datun bij / phal
nim ki patti, datun, bij aur phal
nim ka phool
nim ka phool
nim ka bij / phal
nim ka bij / phal
nim ka datun
nim ka datun
nim ka paudar
nim ka paudar
nim ka tel
nim ka tel
bharatiy dakatikat men nim
bharatiy dakatikat men nim

charak snhita aur sushrut snhita jaise prachin chikitsa grnthon men isaka ullekh milata hai. ise gramin aushadhalay ka nam bhi diya gaya hai. yah ped bimariyon vagairah se azad hota hai aur us par koee kida-makauda nahin lagata, isalie nim ko azad ped kaha jata hai. [1]bharat men nim ka ped gramin jivan ka abhinn ang raha hai. log isaki chhaya men baithane ka sukh to uthate hi hain, sath hi isake patton, nibauliyon, dndiyon aur chhal ko vibhinn bimariyan door karane ke lie prayog karate hain. granth men nim ke gun ke bare men charcha is tarah hai :-

nimb shiton laghugrahi katur koagni vatanut.
adhyah shramatutakas jvararuchikrimi pranatu ॥

arthath nim shital, halka, grahi pak men charapara, hriday ko priy, agni, vat, parishram, trisha, aruchi, krimi, vran, kaph, vaman, kodh aur vibhinn prameh ko nasht karata hai.[2]

chaitr navaratri hamare lie navavarsh ka shubharambh hota hai. tab dadi man ke nuskhe yani svasthy riti v paramparanusar nim ke ras ka sevan 9 dinon tak pratah hi karana chahie taki ham pure varsh chust v tndurust rahen. vaise kisi bhi mausam men nim ke patte hamare sharir ke lie bahut hi upayogi siddh hota hai. chaitr navaratri par nim ke komal patte hote hai, isalie isake komal patton ko pani men gholakar sil batte ya miksi men pisakar isaki goli taiyar kar le, isamen thoda saindha ya kala namak, hing, jira, ajavayan aur kuchh kali mirch dalakar use grahy yogy banaya jata hai. is goli ko kapade men chhana jata hai, chhana hua pani gadha ya patala kar pratah khali pet ek kap se ek gilas tak sevan karana chahie. lagatar 9 dinon tak isi anupat men lene se pure sal ki svasthy garnti ho jati hai. sahi mayane men chaitr navaratri svasthy navaratri hai, yah in dinon bachchon ke chechak se bachata hai. yah ras entiseptik, enti bekteriyal, entivayaral, entivarm, entielarjik, entityoomar adi gunon se bharapoor hai. aise sarvagun snpann anamol nim roopi svasthy ras ka upayog pratyek vyakti ko chaitr navaratri men karana chahie. jin logon ko bar bar-bukhar aur maleriya ka snkraman hota hai, unake lie yah ramavan aushadhi hai. vaise to ap pratidin panch taza nim ki pattiyan chaba le to achchha hai, pratidin isaka prayog karane par madhumeh rogiyon ke rakt sharkara ka star kam ho jata hai.[2]

ghareloo upayog

nim ke vriksh ki thnndi chhaya garmi se rahat deti hai to patte phal-phool, chhal ka upayog ghareloo rogon men kiya jata hai, nim ke aushadhiy gunon ko ghareloo nuskhon men upayog kar svasth v nirogi bana ja sakata hai. isaka svad to kadava hota hai, lekin isake fayade to anek aur bahut prabhavashali hain aur unamen se kuchh nimnalikhit hain  :--

  • nim ke tel se malish karane se vibhinn prakar ke charm rog thik ho jate hain.
  • nim ka lep sabhi prakar ke charm rogon ke nivaran men sahayak hai.
  • nim ki datun karane se dant v masoodhe mazaboot hote hai aur danton men kida nahin lagata hai, tatha munh se durgndh ana bnd ho jata hai.
  • isamen doguna pisa sendha namak milakar mnjan karane se payariya, dant-dadh ka dard adi door ho jata hai.
  • nim ki kopalon ko pani men ubalakar kulle karane se danton ka dard jata rahata hai.
  • nim ki pattiyan chabane se rakt shodhan hota hai aur tvacha vikar rahit aur chamakadar hoti hai.
  • nim ki pattiyon ko pani men ubalakar aur pani thnda karake us pani se nahane se charm vikar door hote hain, aur ye khasataur se chechak ke upachar men sahayak hai aur usake vishanu ko phailane n dene men sahayak hai.
  • chechak hone par rogi ko nim ki pattiyon bichhakar us par litaen.
  • nim ki chhal ke kadhe men dhaniya aur saunth ka choorn milakar pine se maleriya rog men jaldi labh hota hai.
  • nim maleriya phailane vale machchharon ko door rakhane men atyant sahayak hai. jis vatavaran men nim ke ped rahate hain, vahan maleriya nahin phailata hai. nim ke patte jalakar rat ko dhuan karane se machchhar nasht ho jate hain aur visham jvar (maleriya) se bachav hota hai.
  • nim ke phal (chhota sa) aur usaki pattiyon se nikale gaye tel se malish ki jaye to sharir ke liye achchha rahata hai.
  • nim ke dvara banaya gaya lep valon men lagane se bal svasth rahate hain aur kam jhadate hain.
  • nim aur ber ke patton ko pani men ubalen, thnnda hone par isase bal, dhoyen snan karen kuchh dinon tak prayog karane se bal jhadane band ho jayegen v bal kale v mazaboot rahengen.
  • nim ki pattiyon ke ras ko ankhon men dalane se ankh ane ki bimari (knjektivaitis) samapt ho jati hai.
  • nim ki pattiyon ke ras aur shahad ko 2:1 ke anupat men pine se piliya men fayada hota hai, aur isako kan men dalane kan ke vikaron men bhi fayada hota hai.
  • nim ke tel ki 5-10 boondon ko sote samay doodh men dalakar pine se zyada pasina ane aur jalan hone sambandhi vikaron men bahut fayada hota hai.
  • nim ke bijon ke choorn ko khali pet gunagune pani ke sath lene se bavasir men kafi fayada hota hai.
  • nim ki nimboli ka choorn banakar ek-do gram rat ko gunagune pani se len kuchh dinon tak niyamit prayog karane se kabj rog nahin hota hai evn anten mazaboot banati hai.
  • garmiyon men loo lag jane par nim ke barik pnchang (phool, phal, pattiyan, chhal evn jad) choorn ko pani me milakar pine se loo ka prabhav shant ho jata hai.
  • bichchhoo ke katane par nim ke patte masal kar kate gaye sthan par lagane se jalan nahin hoti hai aur zahar ka asar kam ho jata hai.
  • nim ke 25 gram tel men thoda sa kapoor milakar rakhen yah tel phoda-phunsi, ghav adi men upayog rahata hai.
  • gathiya ki soojan par nim ke tel ki malish karen.
  • nim ke patte kidhe marate hain, isaliye patton ko anaj, kapadon men rakhate hain.
  • nim ki 20 pattiyan pisakar ek kap pani men milakar pilane se haija़ thik ho jata hai.
  • nibori nim ka phal hota hai, isase tel nikala jata hai. ag se jale ghav men isaka tel lagane se ghav bahut jaldi bhar jata hai.
  • nim ka phool tatha niboriyan khane se pet ke rog nahin hote.
  • nim ki jad ko pani men ubalakar pine se bukhar door ho jata hai.
  • chhal ko jalakar usaki rakh men tulasi ke patton ka ras milakar lagane se dag tatha any charm rog thik hote hain.
  • videshon men nim ko ek aise ped ke roop men pesh kiya ja raha hai, jo madhumeh se lekar eds, kainsar aur n jane kis-kis tarah ki bimariyon ka ilaj kar sakata hai.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. nim sevan se banaen sehat (hindi) (ech.ti.em.el) veb duniya hindi. abhigaman tithi: 10 apral, 2011.
  2. 2.0 2.1 nim ka aushadhiy gun (hindi) (pi.ech.pi) elovera ke svasthyavardhak utpad. abhigaman tithi: 10 apral, 2011.

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

a   a    i    ee    u    oo    e    ai    o   au    an    k   kh    g    gh    n    ch    chh    j    jh    n    t    th    d   dh    n    t    th    d    dh    n    p    ph    b    bh    m    y    r    l    v    sh    sh    s    h    ksh    tr    gy    ri    ri    aau    shr   aah