दीपावली  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

dipavali
lakshmi devi aur ganesh ji
any nam divali, dipavali
anuyayi hindoo, jain, sikkh, ary samaj, bharatiy, pravasi bharatiy
uddeshy dharmik nishtha aur manornjan
prarambh pauranik kal
tithi kartik mas ki amavasya
utsav roshani, gharon v dukanon ki sajavat, atishabazi
anushthan is din ratri ke samay pratyek ghar men dhanadhany ki adhishthatri devi mahalakshmiji, vighn-vinashak ganesh ji aur vidya evn kala ki devi mateshvari sarasvati devi ki pooja-aradhana ki jati hai.
dharmik manyata dharmagrnthon ke anusar kartik amavasya ko bhagavan shri ramachndraji chaudah varsh ka vanavas katakar ayodhya laute the, tab ayodhyavasiyon ne ram ke rajyarohan par dipamalaen jalakar mahotsav manaya tha.
snbndhit lekh dhanateras, govardhan pooja, yam dvitiya, lakshmi, ganesh, lakshmi mata ki arati, ganesh ji ki arati
dinank- 2016 30 aktoobar, ravivar
dinank- 2017 19 aktoobar, guruvar
any janakari isi din guptavnshiy raja chndragupt vikramadity ne apane 'vikram snvat' ki sthapana ki thi. dharm, ganit tatha jyotish ke diggaj vidvanon ko amantrit kar yah muhoort nikalavaya ki naya snvat chaitr shukl pratipada se manaya jae.
adyatan‎

dipavali athava divali (angrezi:Deepavali or Diwali) bharat ke pramukh tyoharon men se ek hai. tyoharon ka jo vatavaran dhanateras se prarambh hota hai, vah aj ke din poore charam par ata hai. dipavali ki ratri ko gharon tatha dukanon par bhari snkhya men dipak, momabattiyan aur balb jalae jate hain. dipavali bharat ke tyoharon men apana vishisht sthan rakhati hai. is din lakshmi ke poojan ka vishesh vidhan hai. ratri ke samay pratyek ghar men dhanadhany ki adhishthatri devi mahalakshmiji, vighn-vinashak ganesh ji aur vidya evn kala ki devi mateshvari sarasvati devi ki pooja-aradhana ki jati hai. brahmapuran ke anusar kartik amavasya ki is andheri ratri arthath ardharatri men mahalakshmi svayn bhoolok men ati hain aur pratyek sadgrihasth ke ghar men vicharan karati hain. jo ghar har prakar se svachchh, shuddh aur sundar tariqe se susajjit aur prakashayukt hota hai vahan ansh roop men thahar jati hain. isalie is din ghar-bahar ko khoob saph-suthara karake sajaya-snvara jata hai. dipavali manane se lakshmiji prasann hokar sthayi roop se sadgrihasthon ke ghar nivas karati hain.

dharmik manyata

dipavali ke din atishabazi ki pratha ke pichhe sambhavat: yah dharana hai ki dipavali-amavasya se pitaron ki rat arambh hoti hai. kahin ve marg bhatak n jaen, isalie unake lie prakash ki vyavastha is roop men ki jati hai. is pratha ka bngal men vishesh prachalan hai.

rngoli, dipavali

dharmagrnthon ke anusar kartik amavasya ko bhagavan shri ramachndraji chaudah varsh ka vanavas katakar tatha asuri vrittiyon ke pratik ravan ka snhar karake ayodhya laute the. tab ayodhyavasiyon ne ram ke rajyarohan par dipamalaen jalakar mahotsav manaya tha. isilie dipavali hinduon ke pramukh tyoharon men se ek hai. yah parv alag-alag nam aur vidhanon se poori duniya men manaya jata hai. isaka ek karan yah bhi hai ki isi din anek vijayashri yukt kary hue hain. bahut se shubh karyon ka prarambh bhi isi din se mana gaya hai. isi din ujjain ke samrat vikramadity ka rajatilak hua tha. vikram snvat ka arambh bhi isi din se mana jata hai. at: yah ne varsh ka pratham din bhi hai. aj hi ke din vyapari apane bahi-khate badalate hain tatha labh-hani ka byaura taiyar karate hain.

dhanateras evn chhoti divali

vastav men dhanateras, narak chaturdashi (jise chhoti divali bhi kaha jata hai) tatha mahalakshmi poojan- in tinon parvon ka mishran hai dipavali. bharatiy paddhati ke anusar pratyek aradhana, upasana v archana men adhibhautik, adhyatmik aur adhidaivik in tinon roopon ka samanvit vyavahar hota hai. is manyatanusar is utsav men bhi sone, chandi, sikke adi ke roop men adhibhautik lakshmi ka adhidaivik lakshmi se snbndh svikar karake poojan kiya jata hain. gharon ko dipamala adi se alnkrit karana ityadi kary lakshmi ke adhyatmik svaroop ki shobha ko avirbhoot karane ke lie kie jate hain. is tarah is utsav men uparokt tinon prakar se lakshmi ki upasana ho jati hai.
gende ke phool ki malaen

lakshmi poojan

dipavali par lakshmiji ka poojan gharon men hi nahin, dukanon aur vyaparik pratishthanon men bhi kiya jata hai. karmachariyon ko poojan ke bad mithaee, bartan aur rupaye adi bhi die jate hain. dipavali par kahin-kahin jua bhi khela jata hai. isaka pradhan lakshy varsh bhar ke bhagy ki pariksha karana hai. is pratha ke sath bhagavan shnkar tatha parvati ke jua khelane ke prasng ko bhi joda jata hai, jisamen bhagavan shnkar parajit ho ge the. dharmik drishtikon se aj ke din vrat rakhana chahie aur madhyaratri men lakshmi-poojan ke bad hi bhojan karana chahie. jahan tak vyavaharikata ka prashn hai, tin devi-devon mahalakshmi, ganeshaji aur sarasvatiji ke snyukt poojan ke bavajood is pooja men tyohar ka ullas hi adhik rahata hai. is din pradosh kal men poojan karake jo stri-purush bhojan karate hain, unake netr varsh bhar nirmal rahate hain.
khil
isi rat ko aindrajalik tatha any tntr-mantr vetta shmashan men mantron ko jagakar sudridh karate hain. kartik mas ki amavasya ke din bhagavan vishnu kshirasagar ki tarng par sukh se sote hain aur lakshmi ji bhi daity bhay se vimukh hokar kamal ke udar men sukh se soti hain. isalie manushyon ko sukh prapti ka utsav vidhipoorvak karana chahie.

poojan ki samagri

mahalakshmi poojan men kesar, roli, chaval, pan, supari, phal, phool, doodh, khil, batashe, sindoor, sookhe meve, mithaee, dahi, gngajal, dhoop, agarabatti, dipak, rooee tatha kalava, nariyal aur tanbe ka kalash chahie.

poojan vidhi

  • lakshmi ji ke poojan ke lie ghar ki saph-safaee karake divar ko geroo se potakar lakshmi ji ka chitr banaya jata hai. lakshmiji ka chitr bhi lagaya ja sakata hai.
  • sndhya ke samay bhojan men svadisht vynjan, kela, papad tatha anek prakar ki mithaiyan honi chahie. lakshmi ji ke chitr ke samane ek chauki rakhakar us par mauli bandhani chahie.
  • is par ganesh ji ki v lakshmi ji ki mitti ya chandi ki pratima sthapit karani chahie tatha unhen tilak karana chahie. chauki par chh: chaumukhe v 26 chhote dipak rakhane chahie aur tel-batti dalakar jalana chahie. phir jal, mauli, chaval, phal, gud, abir, gulal, dhoop adi se vidhivat poojan karana chahie.
  • pooja pahale purush karen, bad men striyan. poojan karane ke bad ek-ek dipak ghar ke konon men jalakar rakhen. ek chhota tatha ek chaumukha dipak rakhakar lakshmiji ka poojan karen.
  • is poojan ke pashchath tizori men ganesh ji tatha lakshmi ji ki moorti rakhakar vidhivat pooja karen.
  • apane vyapar ke sthan par bahikhaton ki pooja karen. isake bad jitani shraddha ho ghar ki bahoo-betiyon ko rupaye den.
  • lakshmi poojan rat ke samay barah baje karana chahie.
dipavali par varanasi men arati
  • dukan ki gaddi ki bhi vidhipoorvak pooja karani chahie.
  • rat ko barah baje dipavali poojan ke bad choone ya geroo men rooee bhigokar chakki, choolha, sil-batta tatha soop par tilak karana chahie.
  • ratri ki brahmabela arthath prat:kal char baje uthakar striyan purane soop men kooda rakhakar use door phenkane ke lie le jati hain tatha soop pitakar daridrata bhagati hain.
  • soop pitane ka tatpary hai- 'aj se lakshmiji ka vas ho gaya. du:kh daridrata ka sarvanash ho.' phir ghar akar striyan kahati hain- is ghar se daridr chala gaya hai. he lakshmi ji! ap nirbhay hokar yahan nivas karie.

dipadan

dipavali ke din dipakon ki pooja ka vishesh mahatv hain. isake lie do thalon men dipak rakhen. chhah chaumukhe dipak donon thalon men rakhen. chhabbis chhote dipak bhi donon thalon men sajayen. in sab dipakon ko prajjavalit karake jal, roli, khil batashe, chaval, gud, abir, gulal, dhoop, adi se poojan karen aur tika lagaven. vyapari log dukan ki gaddi par ganesh, lakshmi ki pratima rakhakar pooja karen. isake bad ghar akar poojan karen. pahale purush phir striyan poojan karen. ek chaumukha, chhah chhote dipak ganesh lakshmiji ke pas rakh den. chaumukha dipak ka kajal sab bade budhe bachche apani ankhon men dalen.

dipavali manane ki prachalit dharanaen

dipavali par atishabaji
  1. kaha jata hai ki is din bhagavan vishnu ne raja bali ko patal lok ka svami banaya tha aur indr ne svarg ko surakshit janakar prasannatapoorvak dipavali manaee thi.
  2. isi din samudr mnthan ke samay kshirasagar se lakshmiji prakat huee thin aur bhagavan vishnu ko apana pati svikar kiya tha.
  3. is din jab shri ramachndr lnka se vapas ae to unaka rajyarohan kiya gaya tha. is khushi men ayodhyavasiyon ne gharon men dipak jalae the.
  4. isi samay krishakon ke ghar men navin ann ate hain, jisaki khushi men dipak jalae jate hain.
  5. isi din guptavnshiy raja chndragupt vikramadity ne 'vikram snvat' ki sthapana ki thi. dharm, ganit tatha jyotish ke diggaj vidvanon ko amantrit kar yah muhoort nikalavaya ki naya snvat chaitr shukl pratipada se manaya jae.
  6. isi din aryasamaj ke snsthapak maharshi dayannd sarasvati ka nirvan hua tha.

dipavali ki katha

pratham

ek bar sanatkumaraji ne sabhi maharshi-muniyon se kaha- 'mahanubhav! kartik ki amavasya ko prat:kal snan karake bhaktipoorvak pitar tatha dev poojan karana chahie. us din rogi tatha balak ke atirikt aur kisi vyakti ko bhojan nahin karana chahie. sandhya samay vidhipoorvak lakshmiji ka mandap banakar use phool, patte, toran, dhvaj aur pataka adi se susajjit karana chahie. any devi-devataon sahit lakshmi ji ka shodashopachar poojan tatha poojanoparant parikrama karani chahie. munishvaron ne poochha- 'lakshmi-poojan ke sath any devi-devataon ke poojan ka kya karan hai?'

dipavali ki ratri men jalate hue dipak

is sanatkumaraji bole -'lakshmiji samast devi-devataon ke sath raja bali ke yahan bndhak thin. aj hi ke din bhagavan vishnu ne un sabako bndhanamukt kiya tha. bndhanamukt hote hi sab devata lakshmi ji ke sath jakar kshir-sagar men so ge the. isalie ab hamen apane-apane gharon men unake shayan ka aisa prabandh karana chahie ki ve kshirasagar ki or n jakar svachchh sthan aur komal shaiyya pakar yahin vishram karen. jo log lakshmi ji ke svagat ki utsahapoorvak taiyariyan karate hain, unako chhodakar ve kahin bhi nahin jatin. ratri ke samay lakshmiji ka ahvan karake unaka vidhipoorvak poojan karake nana prakar ke mishthann ka naivedy arpan karana chahie. dipak jalane chahie. dipakon ko sarvanisht nivritti hetu apane mastak par ghumakar chaurahe ya shmashan men rakhana chahie.

dvitiy

prachinakal men ek sahookar tha. usaki ek sushil aur sundar beti thi. vah pratidin pipal par jal chadhane jati thin. us pipal par lakshmi ji ka vas tha. ek din lakshmiji ne sahookar ki beti se kaha- 'tum meri saheli ban jao.' tab sahookar ki beti ne lakshmi ji se kaha- 'main kal apane pita se poochhakar uttar doongi.' ghar jakar usane apane pita ko sari bat kah sunaee. usane kaha- 'pipal par ek stri mujhe apani saheli banana chahati hai.' tab sahookar ne kaha- 'vah to lakshmi ji hain aur hamen kya chahie, too unaki saheli ban ja.' is prakar pita ke han kar dene par doosare din sahookar ki beti jab pipal sinchane gee to usane lakshmi ji ko saheli banana svikar kar liya. ek din lakshmi ji ne sahookar ki beti ko bhojan ka nyauta diya. jab sahookar ki beti lakshmi ji ke yahan bhojan karane gee to lakshmi ji ne usako odhane ke lie shal, dushala diya tatha sone ki chauki par baithakar, sone ki thali men anek prakar ke bhojan karae. jab sahookar ki beti kha-pikar apane ghar ko lautane lagi to lakshmi ji ne use pakad liya aur kaha- 'tum mujhe apane ghar kab bula rahi ho? main bhi tere ghar jimane (davat khane) aoongi.' pahale to usane anakani ki, phir kaha -'achchha, a jana.' ghar akar vah roothakar baith gee. tab sahookar ne kaha- 'tum lakshmiji ko to ghar ane ka nimantran de aee ho aur svayn udas baithi ho.' tab sahookar ki beti boli- 'pitaji! lakshmi ji ne to mujhe itana diya aur bahut uttam bhojan karaya. main unhen kis prakar khilaoongi, hamare ghar men to vaisa kuchh bhi nahin hai.'

dipavali ki ratri men jalate hue dipak

tab sahookar ne kaha- 'jo apane se banega, vahi khatir kar denge. too jaldi se gobar mitti se chauka dekar safaee kar de. chaumukha dipak banakar lakshmi ji ka nam lekar baith ja.' tabhi ek chil kisi rani ka naulakha har utha laee aur use sahookar ki beti ke pas dal gee. sahookar ki beti ne us har ko bechakar sone ka thal, shal, dushala aur anek prakar ke bhojan ki taiyari kar li. thodi der bad lakshmi ji usake ghar par a geen. sahookar ki beti ne lakshmi ji ko baithane ke lie sone ki chauki di. lakshmi ji ne baithane ko bahut mana kiya aur kaha- 'is par to raja-rani baithate hain.' tab sahookar ki beti ne kaha- 'tumhen to hamare yahan baithana hi padega.' tab lakshmi ji us par baith gee. sahookar ki beti ne lakshmiji ki bahut khatiradari ki, isase lakshmi ji bahut prasann huee aur sahookar ke pas bahut dhan-daulat ho gee. he lakshmi mata! jaise tum sahookar ki beti ki chauki par baithi aur bahut sa dhan diya, vaise hi sabako dena.

savadhaniyan

  • patakhon ke sath khilavad n karen. uchit doori se patakhe chalaen. bharatiy snskriti ke anusar adarshon v sadagi se manayen. pashchaty jagath ka andhanukaran na karen.
  • savadhan aur sajag rahen. asavadhani aur laparavahi se manushy bahut kuchh kho baithata hai. vijayadashami aur dipavali ke agaman par is tyohar ka annd, khushi aur utsah banaye rakhane ke lie savadhanipoorvak rahen.
  • mithaiyon aur pakavanon ki shuddhata, pavitrata ka dhyan rakhen.
  • patakhe ghar se door chalayen aur as-pas ke logon ki asuvidha ke prati sajag rahen.
  • svachchhta aur paryavaran ka dhyan rakhen.
  • patakhon se bachchon ko uchit doori banaye rakhane aur savadhaniyon ko prayog karane ka sahaj gyan den.

vithika

bada imamabada
dipavali ke avasar par ratri men chennee ka ek vihngam drishy
panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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