वैशाखी  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

vaishakhi
vaishakhi
any nam 'paila baisakh' pashchim bngal, 'bishu' (keral aur tamilanadu), bihoo (asam)
anuyayi sikkh samuday
uddeshy pnjab aur hariyana ke kisan sardiyon ki phasal kat lene ke bad navavarsh ki khushiyan manate hain. isilie baisakhi pnjab aur asapas ke pradeshon ka sabase bada tyohar hai.
prarambh hindoo pnchang ke anusar guru govind sinh ne vaishakh mah ki shashthi tithi ke din khalasa pnth ki sthapana ki thi. isi karan se vaishakhi ka parv soory ki tithi ke anusar manaya jane laga.
tithi 14 apral (2017)
utsav vaishakhi vishv bhar men pnjabiyon ka ek kaumi jashn mana jata hai. pnjabi logon ka yah sabase bada mela hai. is din log rngabirnge kapade pahanakar khushiyan manate hain.
any janakari pratyek 36 sal bad bharatiy chandr ganana ke anusar vaishakhi 14 aprail ko padati hai.

vaishakhi (angrezi:Vaisakhi) pnjab rajy, bharat men sikkh samuday dvara manaya jane vala pramukh tyohar hai. desh videsh men vaishakhi ke avasar par, visheshakar pnjab men mele lagate hain. log subah-subah sarovaron aur nadiyon men snan kar mndiron aur gurudvaron men jate hain. lngar lagaye jate hain aur charon taraph log prasann dikhalayi dete hain. visheshakar kisan, gehoon ki fasal ko dekhakar unaka man nachane lagata hai. gehoon ko pnjabi kisan 'kanak' yani sona manate hain. yah fasal kisan ke lie sona hi hoti hai, usaki mehanat ka rng dikhayi deta hai. vaishakhi par gehoon ki kataee shuroo ho jati hai. vaishakhi parv 'bngal men paila (pila) baisakh' nam se, dakshin men 'bishu' nam se aur 'keral, tamilanadu, asam men bihoo' ke nam se manaya jata hai. angrezi kalaindar men tarikhon ke badalav ke karan ab vaishakhi 14 apral ko manayi jati hai.

vaishakhi kab

  • visheshgyon ka manana hai ki hindoo pnchang ke anusar guru govind sinh ne vaishakh mah ki shashthi tithi ke din khalasa pnth ki sthapana ki thi. isi din makar snkranti bhi thi. isi karan se vaishakhi ka parv soory ki tithi ke anusar manaya jane laga. soory mesh rashi men pray: 13 ya 14 aprail ko pravesh karata hai, isilie baishakhi bhi isi din manayi jati hai.
  • pratyek 36 sal bad bharatiy chandr ganana ke anusar baishakhi 14 aprail ko padati hai.

itihas se

guru govind sinh ji, vaishakhi divas ko vishesh gaurav dena chahate the. isalie unhonne ne 1699 ee. ko vaishakhi par shri anndapur sahib men vishesh samagam kiya. isamen desh bhar ki sngat ne akar is aitihasik avasar par apana sahayog diya. guru govind sinh ji ne is mauke par sngat ko lalakar kar kaha- 'desh ko gulami se azad karane ke lie mujhe ek shish chahie. guru sahib ki lalakar ko sunakar panch viron 'daya sinh khatri, dharm sinh jat, mohakam sinh chhivan, sahib sinh aur himmat sinh' ne apane apane shish guru govind sinh ji ko bhent kie. ye pancho sinh guru sahib ke 'pnch pyare' kahalae. guru sahib ne sabase pahale inhen amrit pan karavaya aur phir unase khud amrit pan kiya. is prakar 1699 ki vaishakhi ko 'khalasa pnth' ka janm hua, jisane sngharsh karake uttar bharat men mugal samrajy ko samapt kar diya. har sal vaishakhi ke utsav par 'khalasa pnth' ka janm divas manaya jata hai.

vaishakhi ki paramparaen

vaishakhi par kisan ka ghar fasal se bhar jata hai. is khushi men dhol bajaye jate hain. bhangada karate boodhe, bachche aur javan thirakane lagate hain.

mela

vaishakhi vishv bhar men pnjabiyon ka ek kaumi jashn mana jata hai. pnjabi logon ka yah sabase bada mela hai. is din log rngabirnge kapade pahanakar khushiyan manate hain. vaishakhi ke nam se dilon men utsah ka snchar hota hai. chahe ghar men hon ya jng men, desh men ya paradesh men, vaishakhi ka nam lete hi dilon ki dhadakane badh jati hai, tan thirakane lagate hain aur bhangada hone lagata hai.

bhangada aur gidda

vaqt ke sath bhangada aur gidda ka svaroop badalata raha hai. kintu aj bhi fasal ki kataee ke sath hi dhol bajane lagata hai, dhol hamesha se hi pnjabiyon ka sathi raha hai. dhol se dhime tal dvara manamohak sngit nikalata hai. pichhali sadiyon men akramanakariyon se hoshiyar karane ke lie dhol bajaya jata tha. isaki avaz door tak jati thi. dhol ki avaz se log nind se jag jate the. snkat samay dhol ki avaz logon ko soochana de deti thi aur gharon se nikalakar ve dushman par toot padate the. guru govind sinh ji ne dushmanon se logon ko hoshiyar karane ke lie nagada banavaya tha. nagada gadhe ya oont ki khal se banaya jata tha.

vaishakhi
Baisakhi

desh ki paratntrata ki paristhitiyan men log joojhane ke lie apane ap ko taiyar rakhate the. vaishakhi ka tyohar balidan ka tyohar hai. 1699 ee. ki vaishakhi se, har sal vaishakhi desh ki suraksha ke lie logon ko jagati ayi hai. mugal shasak aurngazeb ne julm, anyay v atyachar karate hue shri guru tegabahadur sinh ji ko dilli ke chandani chauk par shahid kar diyatha, tabhi guru govindasinh ji ne apane anuyayiyon ko sngathit kar 'khalasa pnth' ki sthapana ki thi. 1716 ee. men 'bnda bahadur' ki shahadat ke bad to pnjab sikhon ki virata ki misal ban gaya. 'misaladar' pratyek sal vaishakhi ke avasar par shri amritasar men 'haramindar sahib' men varsh bhar ka hisab dete the. sikh misalon ka samay 1716 se lekar 1799 tak ka raha hai. sabhi misaladar vaishakhi par ekatr hote the. 13 aprail, 1919 ko saikadon log 'jaliyanvala bag' men desh ki azadi ke lie janaral dayar ke sainikon ki goliyon ke age nishastr sina tan kar khade rahe aur shahid ho ge. aj vaishakhi par diye gaya balidan poore desh ke deshavasi janate hain aur vaishakhi ke parv par shahidon ko shraddhanjali dete hain.

vishesh baten

  • ratri ke samay ag jalakar usake charon taraph ikatthe hokar nee fasal ki khushiyan manayi jati hain aur naye ann ko agni ko samarpit kiya jata hai aur pnjab ka parnparagat nrity bhangada aur gidda kiya jata hai.
  • gurudvaron men aradas ke lie shraddhalu jate hain. anndapur sahib men, jahan khalasa pnth ki ninv rakhi gee thi, vishesh aradas aur pooja hoti hai.
  • gurudvaron men guru grnth sahab ko samaroh poorvak bahar lakar doodh aur jal se pratik roop se snan karava kar guru grnth sahib ko takht par pratishthit kiya jata hai. isake bad pnch pyare 'pnchabani' gayan karate hain.
  • aradas ke bad guru ji ko kada prasad ka bhog lagaya jata hai. prasad bhog lagane ke bad sab bhakt 'guru ji ke lngar' men bhojan karate hain. bhakt 'kar seva' karate hain.
  • poore din guru govindasinh ji aur 'pnch pyaron' ke samman men shabad aur kirtan gae jate hain.


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tika tippani aur sndarbh

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