नगाड़ा  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

nagada

nagada ya 'nakkara' prachin samay se hi pramukh vady yntr raha hai. ise lok utsavon ke avasar par bajaya jata hai. holi ke avasar par gaye jane vale giton men isaka vishesh prayog hota hai. nagade men jode alag-alag hote hain, jisamen ek ki avaz patali tatha doosare ki avaz moti hoti hai. ise bajane ke lie lakadi ki dndiyon se pitakar dhvani nikali jati hai. nichali satah par nagada paki huee mitti ka bana hota hai. yah bharat ka bahut hi lokapriy vady hai.

shabd ka arth

'nagada' shabd farasi aur urdoo ke sath hindi men shamil hua. hindi men isaka ek roop 'nagara' bhi hai. is shabd ka shuddh roop hai- "nakkarah", jisaka urdoo men uchcharan 'nakkara' hai. is prakar isaka hindi roop 'nagada' ya 'nagara' hai. nakkarah mool roop se arabi bhasha ka shabd hai, jisaka arth hai- dhausa, bheri, dundubhi adi. bharatiy bhashaon men yah shabd islami samay men aya. arabi men ek dhatu hai 'nakr', jisaka arth hai- 'kisi chij ko pitana' ya 'thokana' adi. nagada ek aisa vady hai, jo chamade ke parde se dhaka rahata hai aur is chamade ke parde par lakadi ki do chhoti chhadon se prahar kiya jata hai, jisase joradar dhvani paida hoti hai.[1]

aitihasik tathy

vastav men nakkara ya nagada sndesh pranali se juda hua shabd hai. darasal shasan ki mahattvapoorn ghoshanaen am janata tak pahunchane ke lie nakkarachi[2] hota tha, jo sare bazar nagada pitate hue kisi sarakari pharaman ki ghoshana karata tha. isi tarah senaen jab kooch karati thin to bhi nagade bajae jate the, taki sabako khabar ho jaye. mugalon ke darabar men ek nakkarakhana hota tha, jisamen aham sarakari phaisale sunae jate the. phaisalon ki taraf dhyan akarshit karane ke lie zor-zor se nakkare bajae jate the, jisase sabaka dhyan us or lag jae. aisi munadiyon men logon ko sajaen dene se lekar ghar ki kurki karane jaisi baten bhi hoti thin.

any nam

is vady yntr ka ek any nam 'damama' bhi hai. vishal nakkare ya dhaunsa ko hi 'damamah' kaha jata hai, jise urdoo-hindi men 'damama' kaha gaya. yah farasi bhasha ke 'daman' se bana hai, jisaka arth hota hai- 'krodh men chinghadana', 'dahadana' ya 'tej avaz karana' adi. badh aur tivr pravah vali dhvaniyon ke lie bhi yah shabd prayog men laya jata hai. snskrit ki damh dhatu se daman ki samanata hai, jisaka arth bhi dhvani karana hai. 'damadam' bhi isi mool ka shabd hai, jisaka arth 'lagatar' athava 'musalasal' hai. sikkhon ka pavitratam sthan 'damadami takasal' bhi isase hi juda hai. kabir ne bhi kee jagah brahmanad ke lie anahad baja ya gagan damama shabd ka prayog kiya hai. bhagavan shiv ka priy vady damaroo isase hi bana hai. damaroo ke akar ko yadi dhyan se dekha jae to isamen do behad chhote nakkare ek doosare ki pith se jude hue nazar ate hain. lakadi ki shalakaon ki jagah chamade par aghat ka kam soot ki gathan lagi do ladiyan karati hain. damaroo ki avaz ko damadam aur is kriya ko dugadugi kahate hain. kisi bat ke prachar ya ghoshana ke lie 'dugadugi pitana' muhavara bhi sndesh pranali se juda raha hai.[1]

nagade ke lie ek vishesh deshi shabd bhi hai, jise dhol kahate hain. yah mool roop se snskrit se nikala hai. dhol ke chhote roop ko dholak kahate hain. isi ke chhote roop ka nam dholaki hota hai. nagada jahan sangitik vady nazar nahin ata, vahin dholak apane ap men paripoorn tal vady hai. dhol shabd se bhi kee muhavare nikale hain, jaise- 'dhol ki pol', 'door ke dhol suhavane' adi. vivah adi men dhol bajana mangalik mana jata hai.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 nagada (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 22 janavari, 2013.
  2. nagada bajane vala vyakti

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