विचित्र वीणा  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

vichitr vina
Vichitra Veena

vichitr vina 'bharatiy shastriy sngit' men prayog kiye jane vale vady yntron men se ek hai. prachin kal men ekatntri vina nam ka ek saz hua karata tha, vichitr vina usi saz ka adhunik roop hai. yah uttar bharatiy sngit men vina ka navinatam roop hai. is vady ki dhamakadar avaz aur atisar saptak ki dharadar avaz donon hi vina ki dhvanyatmak visheshataye hain. vichitr vina men taron ke madhyam se avaz utpann ki jati hai. is vady yntr ko bajane aur nipunata hasil karane ke lie bahut kathin parishram ki avashyakata hoti hai.

snrachana

vichitr vina ka sh‍varoop bahut kuchh rudr vina ke saman hai. kinh‍tu bariki se dekhane par yah usase kafi bhinh‍n dikhaee deti hai. isaki pramukh bat ye hai ki isamen paradon ka prayog nahin kiya jata, jisake karan isaka vadan klishh‍tatam ho jata hai. lagabhag 50 inch lamh‍ba, 5 inch chauda evn dhaee inch gahari dad is vina ke brihad sh‍varoop ko dikhati hai. tunh‍n ya tik se bane danh‍d men banyin aur dahini or chh: badi khoontiyan hoti hain, jisase mukhh‍y tar bndhe hote hain. isake atirikh‍t char se panch khoontiyan chikari ki lagati hain. dahini or do aur banyin or tin khoontiyan mukhh‍y danh‍d men lagayi jati hain. is prakar das se gyarah badi khoontiyan is vady men prayukh‍t hoti hain. isake atirikt gyarah se pandrah tak tarab ki khoontiyan bhi hoti hain, jinase tarab ke tar bandhe jate hain. is brihad vina ko do bade tumh‍bon ke sahare sidha rakha jata hai, jisaki unchaee jamin se lagabhag pandrah inch par hoti hai. is vady ke agr bhag men mor athava kisi pakshi ka mukhada ek lakadi men nakh‍kashi karake alag se laga diya jata hai. pichhale bhag ka hish‍sa lagabhag barah inch ka tukada hota hai. mukhh‍y tar ki khoontiyan isi tukade ke dono or lagaee jati hain. is vady ko kanch ke bane batte se bajaya jata hai.[1]

vadan

is vady yntr ka vadan karane ke liye lagabhag 23 inch ka sh‍than ghudach aur tar gahan ke bich ka hota hai. is poore hish‍se men kanch ka batta banyen hath se ragadate hue sh‍varon ko dhh‍vanit kiya jata hai. da‍hine hath men tarjani aur madhh‍yama ungali men mijarab dharan karake taron ko chheda jata hai. vichitr vina vadak ko dahine aur banye hath ka samnjash‍y banaye rakhane ke liye abhh‍yas karana padata hai, jo ek ath‍ynt kathin prakriya hai. is vady ki vadan vidhi ath‍ynt kathin v shramasadhh‍y hone ke karan isaka vadan bahut kam kalakar kar pate hain. bisavin sadi men ‍jin pramukh vina vadakon ka nam liya jata hai, unamen ush‍tad abh‍dul aziz khan, sngitendu daau. lal mani mishr, gopal krishh‍n, ramesh prem, daau. gopalashnkar ith‍yadi hain. 21vin sadi men kuchh mahilaon ne bhi is vady ko apanane men pahal ki hai, jo ek shubh lakshan hai.

shreshth vady yntr

vichitr vina samh‍bhavat: bharatiy vadyon men isilie shreshth kahalati hai, kh‍yonki jab tak ragadari, sh‍varon ka samuchit gyan, snvad tath‍v aur lay-tal par adhikar praph‍t nahin ho jata, tab tak is vady ko baja pana samh‍bhav nahin hai. jo kalakar in tath‍von ka gyan praph‍t kiye bina hi ise bajane ki koshish karate hain, ve ya to khud hash‍y ka patr ban jate hain ya kuchh samay ke bad ise du:sadhh‍y kahakar chhod dete hain. is vady men ojasvita paida kar sakane ka gun mushkil se hi a pata hai. yadyapi uparyukt tathy sabhi bharatiy vadyon men lagoo hote hain, tathapi anh‍y tntri vadyon men samanh‍yat: sh‍varon ka sh‍than sarika athava pardon ke dvara nirdharit kar diya jata hai, jisake phalash‍varoop ve itane durbodh nahin lagate. ye tark diya ja sakata hai ki jin tntri vadyon men parda vh‍yavash‍tha nahin hoti, jaise- sarod, sarngi ityadi, vahan bhi sh‍varon ke sh‍than ka andaz avashh‍y lagana padata hai. kinh‍tu in vadyon ki lamh‍baee, chaudaee amataur par utani brihad nahin hoti, jitani vichitr vina ki hoti hai. phir chahe tan kriya ho ya murki aur gamak ith‍yadi, sh‍varon ko sh‍parsh karane ki prakriya, unake bajane ke liye vady vadan ka dayara utana hi bada banana padata hai, jitana bada us vady ko bajane ka kshetr hota hai.[1]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 bharatiy vinaon men shreshth - vichitravina (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 21 faravari, 2013.

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