तत वाद्य  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

jin vadyon ko tant athava tar ke snyog se bajaya jata hai, unhen tat vady kahate hain. jaise- vina, sitar, bhapng, ikatara, sarngi, tndoora, jntar aur ravan hattha, chikara, chautara, dovara, kamayacha sarngi ate hai. inaka vivaran nimn prakar hai-

ikatara

isamen ek gol toombe men ek bans phnsa diya jata hai. gol toombe ke oopari bhag ko kat kar us par chamada madh dete hain. bans ke nichale bhag men chhed karake usamen khoonti laga di jati hai. isi prakar ek khoonti oopari bhag men hoti hai. un donon khoontiyon par tar kas diya jata hai. is tar ko ungali se bajate hain. yah vady nath, kalabeliya evn sadhoo- snnyasi bajate hain.

bhapng

ise kate hue toombe se banaya jata hai. toombe ke ek bhag par chamadha madh diya jata hai. chamade men ek chhed nikal kar isamen kisi janavar ki ant ka tar athava plastik ki dori dalakar usake sire par lakadi ka tukada bandh diya jata hai. is vady ko bajane vale vyakti ek hath se dori ya tar ko khinch kar dhila chhodakar us par doosare hath se lakadi ke tookade se prahar karata hai. yah alavar kshetr men atyadhik lokapriy hai.

sarngi

yah sagavan, kair evn rohida namak vrikshon ki jad se banaee jati hai. rajasthan men mirasi, lnge, jogi, manganiyar adi kalakar sarngi ke sath gate hain. sarngi ki tar bakare ki ant se banaee jati hai. sarngi ko gaj se bajaya jata hai. gaj men ghode ki poonchh ke bal bndhe hote hain. rajasthan ke jogi lok sarngi par lok vartaon ko sundar dhng se gakar sunate hain.

tndoora

ise nishan, venan aur chautara adi namon se bhi jana jata hai. yah lakadi se banaya jata hai aur sitar ke saman hota hai. kintu isaki kundi toombe ki nahin hoti balki lakadi ki bani hoti hai. vadak ise baen hath se pakadata hai aur dahine hath se bajata hai. yah vady ek ungali se bajaya jata hai. kamad aur nath sampraday ke vyakti is vady ko bajate hain. adhor pnthi, adinath, bisanami, kundapnthi, dasanami adi vyakti ise bajate hain. terahatali nrity men bhi is vady ko bajaya jata hai.

jntar

is vady yntr men vina ke saman panch- chh: tar hote hain. goojar bhope ise gale men dal kar khade hokar bajate hain. is vady yntr men vina ke saman do toombe hote hain aur inake bich men bans ki nali lagi rahati hai. bagadavaton ki katha men is vady yntr ko bajaya jata hai. ravan hattha- ise adhe kate nariyal ki katori se banaya jata hai. nariyal ki katori par khal madh di jati hai. yah katori bans ke sath lagi rahati hai. bans men lagi khoontiyon par tar bandh diye jate hain. ise vayalin ke saman gaj se bajaya jata hai. ravanahattha ko rajasthan men dhaph bhi kaha jata hai.

deroon

isaka akar damaroo se kuchh bada hota hai. isaka nirman am ki lakadi se kiya jata hai tatha isake donon taraph chamada madh diya jata hai. isaki avaz vishesh prakar ki hoti hai. ise bich men se dahine hath se pakadate hain tatha bajate samay rassi ko khinchate hain. is vady ke sath- sath kansi ka katora bhi bajaya jata hai. bhope, bhil aur gogaji ke pujari ise bajate hain.

khnjari

yah am ki lakadi se banaee jati hai. yah chng ke saman hoti hai kintu isaka akar apekshakrit chhoti hota hai. chng ke saman is par bhi chamada madh diya jata hai. ise dahine hath se pakadate hain tatha bayen hath se bajate hain. isaki avaz dholak ke saman hoti hai. yah kamad bhil, kalabeliyon ke dvara bajaee jati hai.

damaroo

ise bhagavan shiv ka vady mana jata hai. ise bich men se pakad kar bajaya jata hai. isake donon or chamada madha hua hota hai. damaroo pray: madari log bajate hain. isake sath bansuri bhi bajaee jati hai. damaroo ka ghera pray: lakadi se banaya jata hai.

mandal

mandal ki akriti mridng ke saman hoti hai kintu yah mitti se banaee jati hai. ise shiv- gauri ka vady yntr mana jata hai. isake donon or hiran ya bakare ki khal madh di jati hai. gauri nrity men pray: mandal vady ka hi prayog kiya jata hai. bhat tatha bhil log ise bajaya karate hain thali bhi isake sath bajaee jati hai.

mridng

yah supari, bad, saban adi vrikshon ki lakadi se banaee jati hai. isaka ek munh chauda aur doosara sakada hota hai. isake donon munh bakare ki khal madh di jati hai. isake ek munh ko nar aur doosare munh ko nari kaha jata hai. is vady yntr ka upayog pray: mndiron men kiya jata hai.

tasha

isaki akriti ek chapet aur patale nagade ke saman hoti hai. isaka painda tanbe ka hota hai. isake oopar bakare ka chamadha madh diya jata hai. ise patali bans ki lakadiyon se bajaya jata hai. is vady ka prayog pray: juloos tatha vivah adi avasaron par kiya jata hai. tashe evn jhanjh ka mel mana jata hai. musalamanon ke tyohar- tajiye ke avasar par ise vishesh roop se bajaya jata hai.

naubat

dhatu ki lagabhag 4 phit gahari arddh andakar kundali ko bhains ki khal se madh diya jata hai. ise chamade ki doriyon se kas diya jata hai. is vady ko lakadi ke dndo se bajaya jata hai. isaki avaz bahut tej hoti hai. prachin kal men yah vady yuddh ke samay bajaya jata tha. vartaman men isaka upayog pray: mndiron men kiya jata hai.

nagada

yah naubat ke akar ka lekin isaki apeksha chhota hota hai. nagada pray: chhota ya bada hota hai. chhote nagade ke sath ek nagadi bhi hoti hai. in donon ko sath bajaya jata hai. lok natyon men shahanaee ke sath- sath nagade ka bhi prayog kiya jata hai. nagade ko nakada, nagara, navakara, bam aur tamak bhi kaha jata hai. yah vady yntr prachinakal men yuddh ke samay bajaya jata tha. ise lakadi ke dndon se bajaya jata hai. isaka prayog gindad nrity ke samay bhi kiya jata hai. shekhavati kshetr men rana aur mirasi log ise bajate hain.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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