फ़ारसी भाषा  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

farasi (فارسی) ek bhasha hai jo eeran, tazikistan, afaganistan aur uzabekistan men boli jati hai. yah tin deshon ki rajabhasha hai aur ise qarib 7.5 karod log istemal karate hain. yah hind yooropiy bhashaee parivar ki hind eerani (indo eeraniyan) shakha ki eerani upashakha ka sadasy hai aur isamen kriyapad vaky ke ant men ata hai. farasi snskrit se qafi milati-julati hai, aur urdoo (aur hindi) men isake kee shabd prayukt hote hain. ye farasi-arabi lipi men likhi jati hai. angrezon ke agaman se pahale bharatiy upamahadvip men farasi bhasha ka prayog darabari kamon tatha lekhan ki bhasha ke roop men hota hai.

itihas

farasi vastutah eeran ki bhasha hai aur atit men eeran vartaman samay se kahin bada tha aur bahut se kshetr jo ab svatntr desh ban chuke hain, eeran ka bhag the. is samay bhi farasi, eeran ke atirikt afaganistan aur tajekistan men boli jati hai. isi prakar bharatiy upamahadvip ke kuchh kshetron men base hue log farasi bolate hain aur baharain jaise fars ki khadi ke kuchh tatavarti kshetron men bhi yah bhasha boli jati hai. poore snsar men lagabhag bis karod log farasi bhasha men bat karate hain. farasi bhasha ki prachinata ke karan usake itihas ko tin kalakhndon men vibhajit kiya gaya hai. pahale kalakhnd ko jo panchavi se tisari shatabdi eesa poorv par adharit hai, farasi bastan ya prachin farasi kaha jata hai. is kalakhnd arthath lagabhag dhaee hazar varsh poorv se snbndhit anek shilalekh aur mitti tatha chamade par likhi huee samagriyan maujood hain. farasi bastan ke pashchath doosara kalakhnd jise farasi miyane ya madhyamik farasi kaha jata hai, tisari shatabdi eesa poorv se lekar satavin shatabdi eesavi arthath islam dharm ke uday se kuchh samay bad tak eeran men jari raha. is kalakhnd ki bhasha men anek aitihasik aur sahityik avashesh ab bhi baqi hain.

farasi miyane vastutah bhasha ke parivartan ka vah charan hai jo farasi bastan ko farasi dari ya farasi-e-nav arthath navin farasi se jodata hai.

tisara kalakhnd arthath farasi-e-nav, satavin shatabdi eesavi se lekar ab tak eeran men prachalit hai. manav itihas men aise rashtr kam hi hain jinake vaicharik v sahityik avashesh atyadhik prachin v do hazar se adhik varshon par adharit hain. sahity jagath men is prakar ki prachinata ke sath eeran ka vishesh sthan hai aur anek mahanh vidvanon ne is snbndh men adhyayan v shodh men apana jivan bita diya hai. nishchit roop se poore snsar men farasi bhasha ke premiyon ne eerani sahity ki khyati suni hai aur yah bhasha sikhane aur eerani sahityakaron aur vidvanon ki kitaben padhane men ruchi rakhate hain. firadausi, khaiyam, sadi aur hafiz jaise kaviyon tatha ibne sina, bairooni, razi aur farabi jaise vidvanon ne farasi bhasha men atynt moolyavan evn amar rachanaen prastut kin jinase unhen vishv star par khyati to mili hi, sath hi sahity premiyon men farasi sikhane ka bhi rujhan badha. doosari or farasi bhasha ne islami jagath aur islami-eerani sabhyata v snskriti ke kshetr ki doosari bhasha ke roop men dharm, darshan-shastr aur itihas jaise vibhinn vishayon ki rachanaon ko apane anchal men sthan diya aur sadaiv hi islami gyanon ke vidyarthiyon ke prem ka patr rahi aur snsar ke vibhinn kshetron ke logon ne farasi bhasha ke madhyam se hi islam aur islami gyan prapt kiya hai. is samay bhi snsar ke anek deshon ke vishv vidyalayon tatha gyan, snskriti aur sahity ke kendron men farasi bhasha, sahity, snskriti aur vicharon ki bhasha ke roop men padhaee jati hai. isi prakar snsar ke anek deshon ke vishv vidyalayon men farasi bhasha ki anek siten is bhasha ke prati sahity premiyon ke lagav ko darshati hain.[1]

prachar-prasar

is ke sath hi eeran ka islami snskriti v margadarshan mntralay aur islami snskriti v snpark sngathan any deshon men farasi bhasha sikhane ke vibhinn kors ayojit karake is bhasha ke prachar v prasar ka prayas karate hain aur farasi bhasha v sahity ke vishay men videshiyon ki shiksha prapti ka marg prashast karate hain. choonki farasi bhasha atynt prachin hai atah isamen kafi parivartan aya hai aur choonki bhasha ke parivartan arnbh men boli men ate hain atah is samay farasi bhasha ke bolane likhane ke do alag- alag svaroop hain. vastutah farasi bhasha men bat karana, is bhasha men padhane v likhane se bhinn hai aur is bhasha ke likhane aur bolane men svar, shabd aur vyakaran ki drishti se antar paya jata hai. is bat ke drishtigat ki farasi ke likhane aur bolane ke svaroop men antar hai aur choonki bhasha ki sabase mahattvapoorn bhoomika usaki snpark aur boli ki bhoomika hai.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. aie farasi sikhen 1 (hindi) iran hindi radio. abhigaman tithi: 4 disambar, 2014.

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