सिंधी भाषा  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

sindhi bhasha bharatiy-ary bhashaon ke pashchimottar samooh aur bharat-pakistan upamahadvip ki ek pramukh sahityik bhasha hai. isaki utpatti vedon ke lekhan ya sambhavat: usase bhi pahale sindh kshetr men boli jane vali ek prachin bharatiy-ary boli ya prathamik prakrit se huee hai. rigved ke shlokon par is boli ka prabhav kuchh had tak dekha ja sakata hai. prakrit parivar ki any bhashaon ki tarah sindhi bhi vikas ke prachin bharatiy-ary (snskrit) v madhy bharatiy-ary (pali, dvitiyak prakrit tatha apabhrnsh) ke charanon se guzarakar lagabhag 10vin shatabdi men navin bharatiy-ary charan men pravesh kar gee. choonki sindh kshetr avibhajit bharat ki pashchimottar sima par sthit tha, isalie ise lagatar akramanon ka samana karana pada. 1100 varshon se adhik samay tak yah kshetr muslim shasan men raha, isalie sindhi bhasha men arabi aur farasi ke shabd adhik hain. isake bavajood mool shabd-sngrah aur vyakaran snrachana lagabhag aparivartit hai.

bhoogol

sindhi bhasha ke roop men sindh kshetr men boli jati hai, jo 1947 men bharat ke vibhajan ke bad pakistan ka hissa ban gaya tha. parinamasvaroop, us samay ke samajik-rajanitik snkat se majaboor hokar 12 lakh sindhi bhashi hinduon ko bharat men sharan leni padi thi. bharat men sindhiyon ka koee vishesh bhashaee rajy nahin hai, lekin unaki nyayochit mang ko dekhate hue 10 aprail 1967 ko sindhi ko snvidhan ki 8vin anusoochi men manyata pradan ki gee. sindhi abadi samooche bharat men phaili huee hai aur gujarat (ahamadabad v vadodara), maharashtr (munbee, ulhasanagar v pune), rajasthan (ajamer, jayapur, jodhapur v udayapur), uttar pradesh (agara, kanapur, lakhanoo v varanasi), madhy pradesh (bhopal, indaur, gvaliyar v rayapur) tatha dilli ke nagaron v shaharon men inaki saghanata hai. shaikshik, sahityik aur sanskritik kshetron men sindhi bhasha ne bharat aur pakistan men ullekhaniy pragati ki hai. sindh men isaka upayog sarakari bhasha ke roop men hota hai. pakistan ki 1981 ki janaganana riport ke anusar, vahan lagabhag dedh karod logon ne sindhi ko apani matribhasha svikar kiya hai. doosari taraf bharat men 1991 ki janaganana riport ke anusar, desh ke vibhinn pranton men rahane vale sindhi bhashi logon ki snkhya lagabhag 22 lakh hai. adhikansh sindhi vyaparik samuday ke hain; lagabhag 20 lakh sindhi vishv ke any deshon men base hue hain.

vyakaran

is bhasha men svarant shabdon ki prachurata hai, visheshakar 'u' se samapt hone vale shabd (sindhi bhasha men yah visheshata prakrit mool se virasat men aee hai); isamen char svarit ant:sphotatmak dhvanigram (sahasa antarshvas se utpann dhvani g, j, d, b) hain. sindhi men panch nasik dhvanigramon (n, n, n, n, m) ki poori shrinkhala hai. karmavachy aur bhavavachak kriyapad samany hain (udaharan, likh-ij-e, arthat 'likha ja sakata hai'). sngya, parasargon aur kriyaon ke sath pratyay sarvanamon ka upayog ek any mahattvapoorn bhashaee visheshata hai. udaharan ke lie, pina-si 'usake pita'; khe-si 'use'; likhya-in-si 'usane use likha'. sindhi bhasha ne kee prachin shabd aur vyakaran svaroopon ko surakshit rakha hai, jaise jhurooya se jhuroo (prachin); vaidik snskrit ke yuti se juee 'sthan'; tatha prakrit vuthya se vuththo 'barish huee'. sindhi ki mukhy boliyan siraiki (oopari sindh men boli jane vali), vicholi (madhy sindh men boli jane vali), ladi (nichale sindh men prayukt), lasi (lasa-belo, baloochistan ki boli), thareli ya dhataki (sindh ke dakshin-poorvi tharaparakar zile aur sindh ki sima se lage rajasthan ke pashchimi kshetr men prayukt) hain. sindh ke dakshin men bharat ke kachchh aur saurashtr kshetron men boli jane vali kachchhi boli sindhi v gujarati ke bich ki boli hai. inamen se vicholi boli sindh ki manak aur sahityik boli hai.

lipi

sindhi bhasha mukhyat: do lipiyon men likhi jati hai, arabi-sindhi lipi (arabi varnaksharon ka parivartit tatha parivarddhit roop), jise british sarakar ne 1853 men manakikrit kiya aur jisamen 52 akshar hain tatha devanagari-sindhi lipi (devanagari, jisamen sindhi bhasha ki ant:sphotatmak dhvaniyon ke lie char atirikt akshar shamil kie ge hai). isake alava, sindhi bhasha ki apani prachin deshi lipi 'sindhi' bhi hai, jisaki utpatti ady-nagari, brahmi aur sindhu ghati lipiyon se huee hai. lekin isaka upayog ab kuchh vyapariyon ke vanijyik patr vyavahar aur sindh ke ismaeeli khoja muslim samuday ke dharmagranthon tak simit hai. bharat men sindhiyon ki vartaman samajik-sanskritik sthiti ko dekhate hue devanagari-sindhi lipi ka adhikadhik upayog unaki sahityik v sanskritik virasat ke snrakshan aur use badhava dene ke lie ho raha hai.

arabi

sindhi bhasha arabi tariqe se yani dayen se bayen likhi jati hai. isamen 52 akshar hote hain. jisamen 34 akshar farasi bhasha ke hain aur 18 naye akshar, ڄ ,ٺ ,ٽ ,ٿ ,ڀ ,ٻ ,ڙ ,ڍ ,ڊ ,ڏ ,ڌ ,ڇ ,ڃ ,ڦ ,ڻ ,ڱ ,ڳ ,ڪ hain. inamen adhikatar ka roop adi, madhy aur ant men bhinn-bhinn hota hai. svaron ki matraen anivary n hone ke karan ek hi shabd ke kee uchcharan ho jate hain.

جھ ڄ ج پ ث ٺ ٽ ٿ ت ڀ ٻ ب ا
ɟʱ ʄ ɟ p s >ʈʰ ʈ t ɓ b *
ڙ ر ذ ڍ ڊ ڏ ڌ د خ ح ڇ چ ڃ
ɽ r z ɖʱ ɖ ɗ >d x h c ɲ
ق ڦ ف غ ع ظ ط ض ص ش س ز ڙھ
k f ɣ z t z s ʃ s z ɽʱ
ي ه و ڻ ن م ل ڱ گھ ڳ گ ک ڪ
* h * ɳ n m l ŋ ɡʱ ɠ ɡ k

devanagari

jabaki bharat men arabi ke alava devanagari lipi ka bhi upayog kiya jata hai. devanagari lipi jo hindi ki tarah bayen se dayen likhi jati hai. yah 1948 men bharat sarakar dvara layi gayi bhasha hai.

a a i ee u oo e ai o au
ə a ɪ i ʊ e ɛ o ɔ
k kh kh g g॒ g gh n
k x ɡ ɠ ɣ ɡʱ ŋ
ch chh j j॒ z jh n
c ɟ ʄ z ɟʱ ɲ
t th d d॒ d dh dh n
ʈ ʈʰ ɖ ɗ ɽ ɖʱ ɽʱ ɳ
t th d dh n
t d n
p ph f b b॒ bh m
p f b ɓ m
y r l v
j r l ʋ
sh sh s h
ʃ ʂ s h AMEERDDIN

snkhya

hindi madhy-poorv poorv/bharatiy-sindhi
0 ٠ ۰
1 ١ ۱
2 ٢ ۲
3 ٣ ۳
4 ٤ ۴
5 ٥ ۵
6 ٦ ۶
7 ٧ ۷
8 ٨ ۸
9 ٩ ۹

am bolachal(vaky)

  • kiyn ahiyo / kiyn ahin? - 'ap kaise ho/tum kaise ho?'
  • aun / man thik ahiyan - 'main thik hun.'
  • tavahinji maherabani - 'dhanyavad/shukiriya'
  • ha - 'han'
  • n - 'nahin'
  • tavahinjo / tuhinjo nalo chha ahe? - 'apaka/tumara nam kya hai'?
  • muhinjo nalo _____ ahe. - 'mera nam _____ hai.'
  • hik - 'ek'
  • bahh - 'do'
  • tehh - 'tin'
  • chhar - 'char'
  • pnj - 'panch'
  • chhah - 'chhe'
  • sat - 'sat'
  • athah - 'ath'
  • navn - 'nau'
  • dahah - 'das'


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

a   a    i    ee    u    oo    e    ai    o   au    an    k   kh    g    gh    n    ch    chh    j    jh    n    t    th    d   dh    n    t    th    d    dh    n    p    ph    b    bh    m    y    r    l    v    sh    sh    s    h    ksh    tr    gy    ri    ri    aau    shr   aah