गुजराती साहित्य  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

gujarati sahity bharat ki pramukh bhashaon men se ek gujarati bhasha ke sahity ko kaha jata hai. isaka sabase purana udaharan 12vin shatabdi ke jain vidvanh aur snt hemachndr ki kritiyon se milata hai.

vikas

12vin shatabdi ke uttarardh men gujarati bhasha poornaroopen vikasit ho gee thi. 14vin shatabdi ke madhy kal men likhi gee rachanaen ab bhi upalabdh hain, jo jain bhikshuon dvara gady men likhi geen upadeshatmak kritiyan hain. isi prakar ki ek kriti tarunaprabha dvara likhit 'balabodh'[1] hai, isi kal ka jainetar grenth 'vasnt-vilas'[2] hai. 15vin shatabdi ke do gujarati bhakti kavi narasi mehata aur bhallan (ya purushottam maharaj) the. bhallan ne 'bhagavat puran' ke 10ven adhyay ko chhote gitisvaroop men dhala.[3]

bhakt kaviyon ka yogadan

bhakti kaviyon men ab tak sabase prasiddh snt mahila mirabaee thin, jo chhathi shatabdi ke poorvarddh men huee thin. halanki mira vivahit thin, lekin vah krishn ko apana vastavik pati manati thin. unake devata aur premi ke sath unake snbndhon ki vyakhya karane vale git bharatiy sahity men sabase jivnt aur romanchakari hain. gair bhakti gujarati kaviyon men premannd bhatt (16vin shatabdi) sabase vikhyat the, jinhonne puran jaisi kahaniyon par adharit kathatmak kavitaen likhin. halanki unaki vishay-vastu parnparik thi, lekin unake charitr vastavik aur sashakt the tatha unhonne apani bhasha ke madhyam se sahity men ne pranon ka snchar kiya.

sahity jagath par prabhav

british shasan ki shuruat ne gujarat men bhi sahity jagath ko prabhavit kiya. 1886 ee. men narasinh rav ke giton ke snkalan 'kusumamala'[4] ki rachana huee, any kaviyon men kalapi, kant aur visheshakar nanalal shamil the, jinhonne mukt chhnd ke sath prayog kie tatha vah mahatma gandhi ki prashnsa karane vale pahale kavi bhi the. gandhi ji, jo svayn bhi gujarati the, ne kaviyon ko janasadharan ke lie likhane ke lie prerit kiya aur is prakar samajik kram men badalav ki bhavana rakhane vali kavita ke yug ka arnbh hua. gandhi ji ke jivan ki kee ghatanaon ne kaviyon ke giton ko prerit kiya. any sthanon ki bhanti gujarat men gandhi yug ne ar. el. meghani aur bhogilal gandhi ki varg sngharsh ki kavita men pragati kal ka marg prashast kiya. svatntrata ke bad kavita ka svaroop vishayanishth hota gaya, lekin adhunik svaroopon ne parnparik eeshvar bhakti aur prakriti prem ki mool bhavana ka atikraman nahin kiya.[3]

'sarasvatichndr' ki rachana

upanyasakaron men govardhan ram pramukh the. unaki kriti 'sarasvatichndr' ko pahala utkrisht samajik upanyas mana jata hai. upanyas vidya men bhi gandhivad ke prabhav ko spasht roop se mahasoos kiya ja sakata hai; halanki kanhaiyalal munshi ka vyaktitv isase bhinn tha, jo gandhivadi adarshon ke alochak the. unhonne puranon se prerit kee rachanaon ke saman hi sndesh dene ke prati rujhan pradarshit kiya. svatntrata ke bad adhunik lekhakon ne astitvavadita, atiyatharthavadi aur pratikatmak rujhanon ko apana liya tatha kaviyon ke saman hi itarikaran ko prakat kiya.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. yuvaon ke lie nirdesh
  2. vasnt ki khushiyan
  3. 3.0 3.1 bharat gyanakosh, khand-2 |lekhak: indu ramachndani |prakashak: ensaiklopidiya britainika praivet limited, nee dilli aur paaupyular prakashan, mumbee |snkalan: bharatakosh pustakalay |prishth snkhya: 88 |
  4. phoolon ki mala

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

a   a    i    ee    u    oo    e    ai    o   au    an    k   kh    g    gh    n    ch    chh    j    jh    n    t    th    d   dh    n    t    th    d    dh    n    p    ph    b    bh    m    y    r    l    v    sh    sh    s    h    ksh    tr    gy    ri    ri    aau    shr   aah