मीरां  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

(मीराबाई se punarnirdeshit)
miran
miran
poora nam miranbaee
janm 1498
janm bhoomi medata, rajasthan
mrityu 1547
abhibhavak ratnasinh
pati/patni kunvar bhojaraj
karm bhoomi vrindavan
mukhy rachanaen barasi ka mayara, git govind tika, rag govind, rag sorath ke pad
vishay krishnabhakti
bhasha brajabhasha
nagarikata bharatiy
inhen bhi dekhen kavi soochi, sahityakar soochi
miranbaee ki rachanaen

miranbaee athava mirabaee hindoo adhyatmik kavayitri thin, jinake bhagavan shrikrishn ke prati samarpit bhajan uttar bharat men bahut lokapriy hain. bhajan aur stuti ki rachanaen kar amajan ko bhagavan ke aur samip pahunchane vale snton aur mahatmaon men mirabaee ka sthan sabase oopar mana jata hai. mira ka sambandh ek rajapoot parivar se tha. ve rajapoot rajakumari thin, jo medata maharaj ke chhote bhaee ratan sinh ki ekamatr sntan thin. unaki shahi shiksha men sngit aur dharm ke sath-sath rajaniti v prashasan bhi shamil the. ek sadhu dvara bachapan men unhen krishn ki moorti die jane ke sath hi unaki ajanm krishn bhakti ki shuruat huee, jinaki vah divy premi ke roop men aradhana karati thin.

janm tatha shiksha

prasiddh krishn bhakt kavayitri mirabaee jodhapur, rajasthan ke medava rajakul ki rajakumari thin. vidvanon men inaki janm-tithi ke snbndh men mataiky nahin hai. kuchh vidvanh inaka janm 1430 ee. manate hain aur kuchh 1498 ee.. mirabaee medata maharaj ke chhote bhaee ratan sinh ki ekamatr sntan thin. unaka jivan bade du:kh aur kasht men vyatit hua tha. mira jab keval do varsh ki thin, unaki mata ki mrityu ho gee. isalie inake dada rav dooda unhen medata le ae aur apani dekh-rekh men unaka palan-poshan kiya. rav dooda ek yoddha hone ke sath-sath bhakt-hriday vyakti bhi the aur sadhu-snton ka ana-jana inake yahan laga hi rahata tha. isalie mira bachapan se hi dharmik logon ke sampark men ati rahin. isake sath hi unhonne tir-talavar, jaise- shastr-chalan, ghudasavari, rath-chalan adi ke sath-sath sngit tatha adhyatmik shiksha bhi paee.[1]

janm sambndhi tathy

mirabaee ke janm kal tatha jivan-vritt ke vishay men bahut matabhed hain. shyamachndr kapoor ne apani pustak 'hindi sahity ka itihas' men ullekhit kiya hai-

  • priyadas ne snvath 1769 vi. men bhaktamal ki tika 'bhaktiras bodhini' men likha hai ki mira ki janm bhoomi medata thi.
  • nagaridas ne likha hai ki medata ki mirabaee ka vivah rana ke anuj se hua tha.
  • karnal taaud ne 'enalas end entikvatij aauf rajasthan' men mira ka vivah rana kumbha se likha hai.
  • pndit gaurishnkar hirachnd ojha ne apane udayapur rajy ke itihas men likha hai ki maharana sanga ke jyeshth putr bhojaraj ka vivah medata ke rav viramadev ke chhote bhaee ratnasinh ki putri mirabaee ke sath snvath 1573 vi. men hua tha.
  • smaran rahe ki karnal taaud athava unhin ke adhar par jin vidvanon ne mira ko kumbha ki stri mana hai, ve dant kathaon ke adhar par galati kar ge hain. sarvapratham viliyam kruk ne bataya ki vastav men mirabaee rana kumbha ki patni nahin thin, varanh sanga ke putr bhojaraj ki patni thin.
  • pandit ramachandr shukl ne apane itihas men likha hai ki- 'inaka janm snvath 1573 vi. men chaukadi nam ke ek ganv men hua tha aur vivah udayapur ke maharana kumar bhojaraj ji ke sath hua tha.'
  • daauktar ganapatichandr gupt ne inaka janm sanh 1498 ee. (snvath 1555 vi.) ke lagabhag mana hai.[2]

krishn se lagav

miran nrity ke lie ghungharoo bandhati huee

mirabaee ke balaman men krishn ki aisi chhavi basi thi ki yauvan kal se lekar mrityu tak unhonne krishn ko hi apana sab kuchh mana. jodhapur ke rathaud ratan sinh ki ikalauti putri mirabaee ka man bachapan se hi krishn-bhakti men ram gaya tha. unaka krishn prem bachapan ki ek ghatana ki vajah se apane charam par pahuncha tha. balyakal men ek din unake pados men kisi dhanavan vyakti ke yahan barat aee thi. sabhi striyan chhat se khadi hokar barat dekh rahi thin. mirabaee bhi barat dekhane ke lie chhat par a geen. barat ko dekh mira ne apani mata se poochha ki "mera doolha kaun hai?" is par mirabaee ki mata ne upahas men hi bhagavan shrikrishn ki moorti ki taraf ishara karate hue kah diya ki "yahi tumhare doolha hain". yah bat mirabaee ke balaman men ek ganth ki tarah sama gee aur ab ve krishn ko hi apana pati samajhane lagin.

vivah

mirabaee ke advitiy gunon ko dekh kar hi mevad naresh rana sngram sinh ne mirabaee ke ghar apane bade bete bhojaraj ke lie vivah ka prastav bheja. yah prastav svikar kar liya gaya aur bhojaraj ke sath mira ka vivah ho gaya. is vivah ke lie pahale to mirabaee ne mana kar diya tha, lekin parivar valon ke atyadhik bal dene par vah taiyar ho geen. vah phoot-phoot kar rone lagin aur vidaee ke samay shrikrishn ki vahi moorti apane sath le geen, jise unaki mata ne unaka doolha bataya tha. mirabaee ne lajja aur parnpara ko tyag kar anoothe prem aur bhakti ka parichay diya.

pati ki mrityu

vivah ke das varsh bad hi mirabaee ke pati bhojaraj ka nidhan ho gaya. sambhavat: unake pati ki yuddhoparant ghavon ke karan mrityu ho gee thi. pati ki mrityu ke bad sasural men mirabaee par kee atyachar kie ge. sanh‌ 1527 ee. men babar aur sanga ke yuddh men mira ke pita ratnasinh mare ge aur lagabhag tabhi shvasur ki mrityu huee. sanga ki mrityu ke pashchath bhojaraj ke chhote bhaee ratnasinh sinhasanasin hue, atev nishchit hai ki apane shvasur ke jivanakal men hi mira vidhava ho gee thin. sanh‌ 1531 ee. men rana ratnasinh ki mrityu huee aur unake sautele bhaee vikramadity rana bane.

laukik prem ki alp samay men hi itishri hone par mira ne paralaukik prem ko apanaya aur krishn bhakt ho gee. ve satsng, sadhu-snt-darshan aur krishn-kirtan ke adhyatmik pravah men padakar snsar ko nissar samajhane lagin. unhen rana vikramadity aur mntri vijayavargiy ne atyadhik kasht die. rana ne apani bahan oodabaee ko bhi mira ko samajhane ke lie bheja, par koee phal n hua. ve kul maryada ko chhodakar bhakt jivan apanae rahin. mira ko stri hone ke karan, chittaud ke rajavnsh ki kulavadhoo hone ke karan tatha akal men vidhava ho jane ke karan apane samaj tatha vatavaran se jitana virodh sahana pada utana kadachit hi kisi any bhakt ko sahana pada ho. unhonne apane kavy men is parivarik sngharsh ke atmacharit-moolak ullekh kee sthanon par kie hain.

sanh‌ 1533 ee. ke asapas mira ko 'rav biramadev' ne medata bula liya. mira ke chittaud tyag ke pashchath sanh‌ 1534 ee. men gujarat ke sultan bahadurashah ne chittaud par adhikar kar liya. vikramadity mare ge tatha terah sahasr mahilaon ne jauhar kiya. sanh‌ 1538 ee. men jodhapur ke rav maladev ne biramadev se medata chhin liya. ve bhagakar ajamer chale ge aur mira braj ki tirth yatra par chal padin. sanh‌ 1539 ee. men mira vrindavan men roop gosvami se milin. ve kuchh kal tak vahan rahakar sanh‌ 1546 ee. ke poorv hi kabhi dvarika chali geen.[3] unhen nirgun pnthi snton aur yogiyon ke satsng se eeshvar bhakti, snsar ki anityata tatha virakti ka anubhav hua tha. tatkalin samaj men mirabaee ko ek vidrohini mana gaya. unake dharmik kriya-kalap rajapoot rajakumari aur vidhava ke lie sthapit niyamon ke anukool nahin the. vah apana adhikansh samay krishn ko samarpit mndir men aur bharat bhar se aye sadhuon v tirth yatriyon se milane tatha bhakti padon ki rachana karane men vyatit karati thin.

hatya ke prayas

miran ki pratima, medata

pati ki mrityu ke bad mirabaee ki bhakti din-pratidin aur bhi badhati gee. ve mndiron men jakar vahan maujood krishn bhakton ke samane krishnaji ki moorti ke age nachati rahati thin. mira ke lie anand ka mahaul to tab bana, jab unake kahane par raja mahal men hi krishn ka ek mndir banava dete hain. mahal men mndir ban jane se bhakti ka aisa vatavaran banata hai ki vahan sadhu-snton ka ana-jana shuroo ho jata hai. mirabaee ke devar rana vikramajit sinh ko yah sab bura lagata hai. oodha ji bhi mirabaee ko samajhate hain, lekin mira din-duniya bhool kar bhagavan shrikrishn men ramati jati hain aur vairagy dharan kar jogiya ban jati hain.[4] bhojaraj ke nidhan ke bad sinhasan par baithane vale vikramajit sinh ko mirabaee ka sadhu-snton ke sath uthana-baithana pasand nahin tha. mirabaee ko marane ke kam se kam do prayason ka chitran unaki kavitaon men hua hai. ek bar phoolon ki tokari men ek vishela sanp bheja gaya, lekin tokari kholane par unhen krishn ki moorti mili. ek any avasar par unhen vish ka pyala diya gaya, lekin use pikar bhi mirabaee ko koee hani nahin pahunchi.

dvarika men vas

in sab kuchakron se pidit hokar mirabaee antat: mevad chhodakar medata a geen, lekin yahan bhi unaka svachhnd vyavahar svikar nahin kiya gaya. ab ve tirthayatra par nikal padin aur antat: dvarika men bas geen. ve mndiron men jakar vahan maujood krishn bhakton ke samane krishn ki moorti ke age nachati rahati thin. sanh‌ 1543 ee. ke pashchath mira dvarika men ranachhod ki moorti ke sanmukh nrity-kirtan karane lagin. sanh‌ 1546 ee. men chittaud se katipay brahman unhen bulane ke lie dvarika bheje ge. kahate hain ki mira ranachhod se agya lene geen aur unhin men antardhan ho geen. jan padata hai ki brahmanon ne apani maryada bachane ke lie yah katha gadhi thi. sanh‌ 1554 ee. men mira ke nam se chittaud ke mndir men giridharalal ki moorti sthapit huee. yah mira ka smarak aur unake ishtadev ka mndir donon tha. gujarat men mira ki paryapt prasiddhi huee. hit harivnsh tatha hariram vyas jaise vaishnav bhi unake prati shraddha bhav vyakt karane lage.[5]

manyataen

ek aisi manyata hai ki mirabaee ke man men shrikrishn ke prati jo prem ki bhavana thi, vah janm-janmantar ka prem tha. manyatanusar mira poorv janm men vrindavan (mathura) ki ek gopika thin. un dinon vah radha ki pramukh saheliyon men se ek hua karati thin aur man hi man bhagavan krishn ko prem karati thin. inaka vivah ek gop se kar diya gaya tha. vivah ke bad bhi gopika ka krishn prem samapt nahin hua. sas ko jab is bat ka pata chala to unhen ghar men bnd kar diya. krishn se milane ki tadap men gopika ne apane pran tyag die. bad ke samay men jodhapur ke pas medata ganv men 1504 ee. men rathaur ratan sinh ke ghar gopika ne mira ke roop men janm liya. mirabaee ne apane ek any dohe men janm-janmantar ke prem ka bhi ullekh kiya hai-

"akul vyakul phiroon rain din, virah kaleja khay॥
divas n bhookh nind nahin raina, mukh ke kathan n ave baina॥
kaha karoon kuchh kahat n avai, mil kar tapat bujhay॥
kyon tarasao atnrajami, ay milo kirapa kar svami.
mira dasi janam janam ki, pari tumhare pay॥"

mirabaee ke man men shrikrishn ke prati prem ki utpatti se snbndhit ek any katha bhi milati hai. is kathanusar, ek bar ek sadhu mira ke ghar padhare. us samay mira ki umr lagabhag 5-6 sal thi. sadhu ko mira ki man ne bhojan parosa. sadhu ne apani jholi se shrikrishn ki moorti nikali aur pahale use bhog lagaya. mira man ke sath khadi hokar is drishy ko dekh rahi thin. jab mira ki nazar shrikrishn ki moorti par gayi to unhen apane poorv janm ki sabhi baten yad a gayin. isake bad se hi mira krishn ke prem men magn ho gayin.[6]

jiv gosvami se bhent

ek prachalit katha ke anusar mirabaee vrindavan men bhakt shiromani jiv gosvami ke darshan ke liye geen. gosvami ji sachche sadhu hone ke karan striyon ko dekhana bhi anuchit samajhate the. unhonne mirabaee se milane se mana kar diya aur andar se hi kahala bheja ki- "ham striyon se nahin milate". is par mirabaee ka uttar bada marmik tha. unhonne kaha ki "vrindavan men shrikrishn hi ek purush hain, yahan akar jana ki unaka ek aur pratidvandvi paida ho gaya hai". mirabaee ka aisa madhur aur marmik uttar sun kar jiv gosvami nnge pair bahar nikal ae aur bade prem se unase mile.[4] is katha ka ullekh sarvapratham priyadas ke kavitton men milata hai-

'vrindavan aee jiv gusaee joo so mil jhili, tiya mukh dekhabe ka pan lai chhutayau.

mira ka patr

miranbaee mndir, udayapur

apane parivar valon ke vyavahar se pidit aur phir pareshan hokar mirabaee dvaraka aur phir vrindavan a gee thin. vah jahan bhi jati thin, vahan logon ka samman milata. log unhen deviyon ke jaisa pyar aur samman dete the.[7] isi dauran unhonne tulasidas ko ek patr bhi likha tha-

svasti shri tulasi kulabhooshan dooshan- haran gosaee.
barahin bar pranam karahoon ab harahoon sok- samudaee..
ghar ke svajan hamare jete sabanh upadhi badhaee.
sadhu- sag aru bhajan karat mahin det kales mahaee..
mere mata- pita ke samahau, haribhaktanh sukhadaee.
hamako kaha uchit karibo hai, so likhie samajhaee..

mirabaee ke patr ka jabav gosvami tulasidas ji ne is prakar diya tha-

jake priy n ram baidehi.
so nar tajie koti bairi sam jadyapi param saneha..
nate sabai ram ke maniyat suhmad susnkhy jahan lau.
anjan kaha ankhi jo phoote, bahutak kaho kahan lau..

guru

miran nrity karati huee

mirabaee snt ravidas ki mahanh shishya tatha snt kavayitri thin. adhikatar vidvanon ne mirabaee ko guru ravidas ji ki shishya svikar kiya hai.[1] kashinath upadhyay ne bhi likha hai- "is vishay par koee sandeh nahin kiya ja sakata ki mirabaee guru ravidas ji ki shishya thin, kyonki mirabaee ne svayn apane padon men bar-bar guru ravidas ji ko apana guru bataya hai."

"khoj phiroon khoj va ghar ko, koee n karat bakhani.
sataguru snt mile raidasa, dinhi surat sahadani..
van parvat tirath devalay, dhoondha chahoon dishi daur.
mira shri raidas sharan bin, bhagavan aur n thaur..
mira mhane snt hai, main santa ri das.
chetan sata sen ye, dasat guru raidas..
mira sataguru dev ki, kar bndana as.
jin chetan atam kahya, dhan bhagavan raidas..
guru raidas mile mohi poore, dhur se kalam bhidi.
sataguru sain dee jab ake, jyati se jyot mili..
mere to giridhar gopal doosara n koy.
guru hamare raidas ji saranan chit soy.."

is prakar mirabaee ki vani se spasht hai ki vah guru ravidas ke samakalin snt shreni men ati thin aur guru ravidas ko hi unhonne guru ki upadhi pradan ki thi. atah mirabaee guru ravidas ki vidhivat shishya banin aur sath hi nam sabad, sngit v tnboora, jise mirabaee bajati thin, guru ravidas se hi paya tha. isilie sambhavat: yah lagata hai ki guru dakshina ke roop men unhonne rajasthan ke chittaudagadh men 'ravidas chhattari' ka nirman karavaya tha. mirabaee ne bhi apani vani ko ragon men hi uchcharit kiya hai, jisamen adhikatar shabdon men bhairavi rag ko dekha ja sakata hai.

granth rachana

chaturbhuj nath evn miranbaee mndir

mirabaee ne char granthon ki bhi rachana ki thi-

  1. 'barasi ka mayara'
  2. 'git govind tika'
  3. 'rag govind'
  4. 'rag sorath'

isake atirikt unake giton ka snkalan "mirabaee ki padavali" namak granth men kiya gaya hai, jisamen nimnalikhit khnd pramukh hain-

  1. narasi ji ka mayara
  2. mirabaee ka malar ya malar rag
  3. garba gita ya miran ki garabi
  4. phutakar pad
  5. satabhamanu roosan ya satyabhama ji nun roosann
  6. rukmani mngal
  7. narasinh mehata ki hundi
  8. charit

pad

guru raidas ke padachihn

mirabaee ki mahanata aur unaki lokapriyata unake padon aur rachanaon ki vajah se bhi hai. ye pad aur rachanaen rajasthani, braj aur gujarati bhashaon men milate hain. hriday ki gahari pida, virahanubhooti aur prem ki tanmayata se bhare hue mirabaee ke pad anamol snpatti hain. ansuon se bhare ye pad gitikavy ke uttam namoone hain. mirabaee ne apane padon men 'shrringar ras' aur 'shant ras' ka prayog vishesh roop se kiya hai. bhavon ki sukumarata aur niradnbari sahaj shaili ki sarasata ke karan mirabaee ki vyathasikt padavali barabas hi sabako akarshit kar leti hai. mirabaee ne bhakti ko ek naya ayam diya hai. ek aisa sthan jahan bhagavan hi insan ka sab kuchh hota hai. snsar ke sabhi lobh use moh se vichalit nahin kar sakate. ek achchha-khasa rajapat hone ke bad bhi mirabaee vairagi bani rahin. unaki krishn bhakti ek anoothi misal rahi hai.

  1. payo ji mhen to ram ratan dhan payo
  2. mere to giridhar gopal doosarau n koee

mirabaee ki sadhu-snton se sngat

daau. omaprakash tripathi ki pustak "bhaktikal ke pramukh kaviyon ka punarmoolyankan" men likha hai ki mirabaee ki bhakti matr ekangik nahin thi. anek vidvanon ka mat hai ki vah ek samajik chunauti ke roop men prakat huee thin. mira ne anubhav kiya ki rana atyachari hai aur durbhavanagrast bhi hai. isaki pratikriyavash unake man men vidroh bhav jaga. isilie unhonne raj-maryada ko tyag kar santon ka sannidhy grahan kiya. mira santon ke sath van-van bhatakane aur nachane-gane lagi thin, jisase raj parivar men unaki sthiti vivadaspad ho gee. tatkalin samanti maryada tatha rajakiy vyavastha ke anusar jitani varjanaen ki gayin, mira ka vidroh utana hi bigadata gaya.[1] unhonne anek padon men yah ghoshana ki hai ki ve kisi bhi sthiti men santon ka sath nahin chhodegi, jaise-

miranbaee smarak, medata

mira ki priti lagi sntan soon sadhu hamari atma
sntan par tan man varoon, sntan sngi baithi-baithi lok laj khoee
sath sng bhataki, sab sntan ke man bhayi
ramaraya sadha ri satha, sadhu hamare sir thadi
sadhu mayar nath, sadhu thare sng sukh pahayo
satha karasyan sath ki, satha mandal sath ki
satha sng rahoongi, sadhu hi pihar sasuro
mhare satha se iktyar, mira ke harijan milya
santa hath bikani, santa ri sngati nahin chhodoon

mirabaee par ki gayi sakhti ka mool karan tha, unaka sadhu-santon ke sath uthana-baithana. lagabhag sabhi snt shoodr varn se sambandh rakhane vale the. isi bat ki pushti men mira age kahati hain-

"main to nahin rahoon, rana ji thara desh men."

bhasha

bhasha ko lekar bhi vibhinn vidvanon ke bhinn-bhinn mat hain. maravadi bhasha men sthan ki any bhasha-chhaviyan bhi vidyaman hain. phir mirabaee ki bhasha men gujarati, braj aur pnjabi bhasha ke prayog bhi milate bhi hain. mirabaee any snton namadev, kabir, raidas adi ki bhanti mili-juli bhasha men apane bhavon ko vyakt karati hain. unake padon ki snkhya bhi abhi tak sunishchit nahin ki ja saki hai. khoj evn shodh abhi tak jari hai. kuchh samay poorv 'loor' ka miran visheshank prakashit hua tha. isamen mirabaee dvara gae ge 41 pad die ge hain. inhen 'harajas' nam diya gaya hai, jinhen lok dvara vibhinn avasaron par gaya jata hai. kuchh shabdon ke arth bhi spasht kie ge hain. atah kahana hoga ki is disha men shodh kary abhi jari hai. koee sarvamany, svikary nirnay abhi shesh hai.[8]

mirabaee dvara prayukt sangitik paddhati

sngit ki drishti se mirabaee madhy kal men prachalit sngit ki rag-ragini paddhati se bhali prakar se parichat thin tatha vani ka uchcharan ragon men karana isaka sabase bada praman hai, jo ki vartaman men shodh ka vishay ban kar samane aya hai. guru pyari sadh sngat ji, aisa sarvavidit hai ki samast jagath nad ke adhin hai tatha sngit nad ka sabase bada roop hai, jise mirabaee ne 45 ragon ke roop men apanate hue apani vani ko ragon men baddhit kiya aur eeshvar ki prapti men donon nadon ka prayog kiya. nad do prakar ke mane ge hain-

  1. anahat nad - ise snto ne 'anahat sabad bajavanaya' ki sngya di. yah yogiyon dvara dhyan se man mastishk men suni jati hai, jise madhy kal ke snton ne khoja hai.
  2. ahat nad - yah nad aghat dvara paida hoti hai. sngit isi ka ek roop hai. isilie mirabaee ne nam shabdon se dhyan lagaya tatha apani vani ko sngit (ragon) ke roop men uchcharit kiya.

sngit ko aitihasik drishti se dekha jae to yah mohanajodado, hadappa snskriti tatha devi-devataon ke kal se chala a raha adhyatm aur manornjan ka alaukik sadhan hai, jise ati prachin kal aur prachin kal se lekar jan-sadharan aur vidvanon dvara praryukt kee vidhaon ko janm mila tatha ate-ate madhy kal men yah rag-ragini paddhati banakar samane aya, joki tatkalin samay ke pratyek sngit vidvanh dvara apanaee gee paddhati thi. isi prakar madhy kal ke snt-mahatmaon ne bhi gayan ke lie isi paddhati ka prayog kar apani vani rachanaon ko uddhrit kiya. yah paddhati mukhyatah sangitik granthon men shiv-mat, bharat, kallinath, hanumat, narad muni, pundarik viththal adi dvara apanaee gee thi. atah sngit ko apanana mirabaee ki sngit jagath ke lie sarahaniy yogadan hai. is kal men kee mahanh snt, jaise- snt ravidas, snt kabir, snt sadana, snt sain, snt namadev, snt dhanna, snt baini, snt bhikha, snt pipa, snt trilochan tatha snt jayadev adi hue, jo ki adhikatar nimn snpraday se snbndh rakhane vale the. in sabhi snton ne samajik kuritiyon ka khandan kar bhedabhavon ka bhi virodh kiya jo ki samaj ko dimak ke saman khokhala karane par tule hue the. in sabhi snton ne apani vani ko ragon men uchchara hai. mirabaee ki vani lagabhag 45 ragon men upalabdh hoti hai-

mirabaee dvara prayukt rag[1]
kr.s. rag kr.s. rag
1. rag jhinjhoti 2. rag kahanda
3. rag kedar 4. rag kalyan
5. rag khat 6. rag gujari
7. rag gond 8. rag chhayanat
9. rag lalit 10. rag tribeni
11. rag sooha 12. rag sarng
13. rag todi 14. rag dhanasari
15. rag asa 16. rag basnt
17. rag bilabal 18. rag bihagado
19. rag bhairon 20. rag malhar
21. rag maru 22. rag ramakali
23. rag pilu 24. rag siri
25. rag kamod 26. rag sorathi
27. rag prabhati 28. rag bhairavi
29. rag jogiya 30. rag desh
31. rag kalingada़ 32. rag dev gndhar
33. rag pat mnjari 34. rag kaphi
35. rag malakauns 36. rag jaunapuri
37. rag pilu 38. rag shyam kalyan
39. rag paraj 40. rag asavari
41. rag bageshri 42. rag bhimapalasi
43. rag pooriya kalyan 44. rag hamir
45. rag sohani

atah is prakar vani ka adhyayan karane se yah gyat hota hai ki mirabaee ne apani vani men chhand, alnkar, ras aur sngit ka poornataya prayog kiya aur ise adhyatm ka marg banaya, jo ki vartaman ke lie prerana hai. mirabaee ne 'bharatiy shastriy sngit' ko snjoe rakhane men ek anokhi kadi jod di, jisaka praman tatha pushti vibhinn granthon ke avalokan karane par spasht hoti hai. atah is paddhati ko mirabaee ne apanaya aur apani vani ko sngit ke sath jodakar adhyatm ke sath-sath sngit ka bhi prachar-prasar kiya, sath hi sngit ko jivit rakhane men bhi apani sahamati tatha hissedari paee.

'mira' film ka nirman

film 'mira' (1979)

bharat ke prasiddh gitakar gulazar ne mirabaee ke jivan par adharit ek hindi film ka bhi nirman kiya. gulazar nirmit aur apane samay ki mashahoor abhinetri hema malini dvara abhinit is film men sngit pandit ravishnkar ne diya tha. vikhyat sitar vadak ke roop men pahachane jane vale pandit ravishnkar ne kuchh gini-chuni filmon men hi sngit diya hai, parantu jo diya hai, vah avismaraniy hai. pandit ji film men parshvagayika lata mngeshakar se mira ke padon ko gavana chahate the, parantu lata ji ne apane bhaee hridayanath mngeshakar ke sngit men mira ke adhikatar padon ko lokapriy bana diya tha, atah ravishnkar ji ne film men vani jayaram se mira ke padon ka gayan karaya. film ke sabhi git vividh ragon par adharit the.[9]

mrityu

mirabaee apane yug se lekar aj tak lokapriyata ke shikhar par aroodh hain. unake git ya bhajan aj bhi hindi-ahindi bhashi bharatavasiyon ke hothon par virajaman hain. mira ke kee pad hindi filmi giton ka hissa bhi bane. ve bahut dinon tak vrindavan (mathura, uttar pradesh) men rahin aur phir dvarika chali geen. jahan snvat 1560 ee. men ve bhagavan shrikrishn ki moorti men sama geen. jab udayasinh raja bane to unhen yah janakar bahut nirasha huee ki unake parivar men ek mahanh bhakt ke sath kaisa durvyavahar hua. tab unhonne apane rajy ke kuchh brahmanon ko mirabaee ko vapas lane ke lie dvaraka bheja. jab mirabaee ane ko raji nahin hueen to brahman jid karane lage ki ve bhi vapas nahin jayenge. us samay dvaraka men 'krishn janmashtami' ayojan ki taiyari chal rahi thi. mirabaee ne kaha ki ve ayojan men bhag lekar chalengi. us din utsav chal raha tha. bhaktagan bhajan men magn the. mira nachate-nachate shri ranachhodaray ji ke mandir ke garbhagrah men pravesh kar geen aur mandir ke kapat band ho gaye. jab dvar khole gaye to dekha ki mira vahan nahin thi. unaka chir moorti ke charon or lipat gaya tha aur moorti atyant prakashit ho rahi thi. mira moorti men hi sama gayi thin. mirabaee ka sharir bhi kahin nahin mila. unaka unake priyatam pyare se milan ho gaya tha.[4]

jin charan dharatho gobaradhan garab- madhava- haran..
das mira lal giradhar ajam taran taran..

adhyatm stambh

'mira' bhakti film (daaukyoomentri)

snt kavayitri mirabaee ne apane hriday-mandir men isht shrikrishn ki moorat sthapit kar bachapan se hi unaki pooja-aradhana aur archana arnbh kar di thi. yahin se unake bhav-vihval bhakti ke git phoote aur bahe, jisamen yug-yug ki manavata apani atmik pyas bujhati rahi hai. krishn ke prati prem-bhakti unake nari-sulabh svabhav evn vrittiyon ke ati anukool bhi thi aur daiv-yog se mira isi disha men pravritt hoti geen. bhautik jivan aur ghatanakramon ne is veg ko aur bhi badhaya tatha disha ko sadha. vah parivarik snbandhon se mukt hokar unmukt huee mahabhav-hiloron par unamatt ho jhoolati rahin. mirabaee ne svayn mukt hokar apane samay aur yug ki nari ko bhi aur desh-samaj ke manav evn manavata ko bhi mukt kiya. madhy yug men hi adhunik manav ki mukti ka bigul bajane vali stri snt, adhunikata ke nari-vimarsh ka bij-vapan karane vali mirabaee apane jivan men tatha mrityu men bhi mukt rahin. vastav men mira vartaman bhautik andhakar ke viruddh bharatiy mahabhav-prem evn adhyatm ka dip stnbh hain. bhautik vaishvikaran evn bazarikaran ke viparit manav ki mukti, samanata, garima ke agrahon ko bhavanatmak sarvabhaumikata dene vali mirabaee adhyatmik vaishvikaran evn vishvamanavata ka alakh jagane vali mahanh manavi hai.

panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

vithika

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 mirabaee ki vani men sngit (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 16 march, 2013.
  2. kapoor, shyamachndr “adhyay-9, sagun dhara (krishn bhakti shakha)”, hindi sahity ka itihas (hindi). bharat diskavari pustakalay: grnth akadami, nee dilli, 144.
  3. madhury bhav ki upasika : mirabaee (hindi) vebaduniya. abhigaman tithi: 18 march, 2013.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 hindi ki mahanh kaviyitri mirabaee (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 16 march, 2013.
  5. madhury bhav ki upasika : mirabaee (hindi) vebaduniya. abhigaman tithi: 18 march, 2013.
  6. pichhale janm men bhi mira karati thin krishn se prem (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 15 march, 2013.
  7. mirabaee (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 15 march, 2013.
  8. padavali (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 15 march, 2013.
  9. vani jayaram bani mira ki avaz (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 15 march, 2013.

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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