सोम ठाकुर  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

som thakur
som thakur
poora nam som prakash thakur
janm 5 march, 1934
janm bhoomi agara, uttar pradesh
abhibhavak dipachand thakur tatha shyamadevi.
pati/patni suman lata
sntan char putriyan v do putr.
karm bhoomi bharat
karm-kshetr kavita lekhan
mukhy rachanaen 'abhiyan', 'ek richa patal ko', 'chndan aur abir', 'lokapriya', 'braj-chhandima' adi.
bhasha hindi
vidyalay 'agara kaaulej', agara
shiksha bi.e., em.e.
puraskar-upadhi 'bharatiy atma puraskar', 'brajabhasha puraskar', 'mahiyasi mahadevi varma puraskar'.
prasiddhi brajabhasha ke chhnd aur lok giton ke rachanakar.
nagarikata bharatiy
any janakari 1959 se 1963 tak apane 'agara kaaulej' men adhyapan kary kiya aur phir 1963 se 1969 tak 'sent jons kaaulej', agara men padhaya. usake bad men istipha dekar mainapuri chale ge.
inhen bhi dekhen kavi soochi, sahityakar soochi

som thakur (angrezi; Som Thakur; janm- 5 march, 1934, agara, uttar pradesh) muktak, brajabhasha ke chhnd aur bemisal lok giton ke varishth evn lokapriy rachanakar hain. ve bade hi sahaj, saral v snvedanashil vyaktitv ke kavi hai. inhonne 1959 se 1963 tak 'agara qolej', uttar pradesh men adhyapan kary bhi karaya. varsh 1984 men som thakur pahale kanada, phir hindi ke prasar ke lie maaurisas bheje ge. bad men ye amerika chale ge. vapas lautane par inhen 'uttar pradesh hindi snsthan' ka karyakari adhyaksh banaya gaya aur rajyamntri ka darja diya gaya. inake ullekhaniy yogadan ke lie inhen 2006 men 'yashabharati samman' aur varsh 2009 men dushynt kumar alnkaran pradan kiya gaya.

janm

som thakur ka janm 5 march, 1934 ko ahir pada, rajamndi, agara (uttar pradesh) men hua tha. inake pita ka nam dipachand thakur tatha mata shrimati shyamadevi thin. mata-pita ki ikalauti sntan hone ke karan inaka palan-poshan bade pyar se hua. inaka balyakal ka nam som prakash thakur rakha gaya tha, kintu kavita likhane ke pashchath inake nam se 'prakash' hat gaya aur prasiddh kavi tatha gitakar pro. jagat prakash chaturvedi ke kahane par inaka nam sirf som thakur rah gaya. janm ke ganit ke anusar inaka nam nirnjan sinh tha.[1]

shiksha

som thakur ko mata-pita ne ikalauti sntan hone ke karan das varsh tak ghar par hi angrezi, ganit tatha hindi ki padhaee mastar pndit ramaprasad tatha pndit sevaram dvara karavaee. 5vin kaksha se 10vin kaksha tak ki shiksha inhonne 'gavarnament haeeskool', agara se prapt ki. haeeskool ke bad inhonne 'agara kaaulej' se jiv vigyan ke sath intar kiya aur phir bi.es.si. ki padhaee karane lage. lekin isi bich som thakur ki ruchi sahity aur hindi kavita ki or ho gee. at: unhonne bi.es.si. chhod di. ab som thakur ne angrezi sahity aur hindi sahity ke sath bi.e. kiya aur phir hindi se em.e. kiya.

vivah

som thakur ka vivah muraina zile ke nivasi jagannath sinh ki ikalauti putri suman lata se 5 mee, 1954 ko snpann hua. inaki patni suman lata ne pag-pag par jivan sngharsh men inaka sath diya. som thakur char putriyon- vndana, archana, nirajana tatha aradhana aur do putron- ajit varadan sinh v amit shridan sinh ke pita bhi bane.

adhyapan kary tatha videsh gaman

som thakur ne 'agara kaaulej' men 1959 se padhane ka kary shuroo kiya. 1959 se 1963 tak inhonne 'agara kaaulej' men adhyapan kary kiya aur phir 1963 se 1969 tak 'sent jons kaaulej', agara men padhaya. usake bad men istipha dekar mainapuri chale ge. mainapuri men 'nashanal kaaulej', bhoganv men ye vibhagadyaksh ke roop men kary karate rahe. vahan inhonne 1984 tak naukari ki. phir ye amerika chale ge. lekin amerika jane se pahale ye kanada ge, phir kendr sarakar ki taraph se hindi ke prasar ke lie maaurisas bheje ge. vahan se amerika chale ge. yahan som thakur 2004 tak rahe. jab vapas aye to mulayam sinh yadav ne inhen 'uttar pradesh hindi snsthan' ka karyakari adhyaksh banaya aur rajyamntri ka darja diya. vahan ye sadhe tin sal tak rahe, phir agara laut ae.[2]

pratiyogita men bhag

san 1945 men dvitiy vishv yuddh samapt hua tha, british shasan ke age jarmani v japan adi desho ne samarpan kar diya tha. isi vijay divas ke avasar par rajakiy vidyalay men bachchon ki kavy- path pratiyogita ka ayojan kiya gaya tha. is ayojan men som thakur bhi apani kavita lekar pahunche the, lekin sahas na juta pane ke karan ve apani kavita nahi padh sake. yah pahala avasar tha, jab som thakur svarachit tukabndi lekar vahan pahunche the. bad ke samay men som thakur ek din 'nagari pracharini sabha', agara pahunche. ve pahale usake sadasy bane, phir kavitaon ki pustakon ka chayan kiya, jisamen mahadevi varma dvara likhit 'dipashikha' apane nam par likha li. 'dipashikha' ki or prabhavit hone ka ek karan ye bhi tha ki isamen kavita ke sath jo kavy roop chitr the, unase ve prabhavit hue. ek shabdakosh bhi kharida aur ek kavita prarambh men likhi "yatanaen ye nahin nirman ke pal hai". som thakur ne ye kavita mitron ko padhakar sunaee. unhonne sarahana ki tatha som thakur ne 'ambuj' upanam shirshak se namakaran snskar bhi kar diya. kurta payazama pahanakar kavi sammelan men jana unhen ruchikar lagane laga aur isi roop men apani pahachan banane ka ve prayas karane lage.[1]

vyavasayik shuruat

som thakur ne sarvapratham agara ke ek prakashak ke yahan lipik ke roop men naukari ki tatha ve tyooshan bhi padhaya karate the. naukari aur tyooshan ki ay hi unaki kul ay thi. kishor avastha men usase poore parivar ka bharan-poshan hota tha aur isi se sntosh hota tha, parntu bhagy rekha kuchh aur hi kah rahi thi. san 1953 men hatharas zila aligadh ke mele men ek kavi sammelan ka ayojan kiya gaya. is avasar par som thakur ko bhi isamen amntrit kiya gaya tha. som thakur ke lie yah pahala nagar ke bahar ka amntran tha, at: som thakur ke lie ati prasannata ka vishay bhi bana aur jane ki utsukata bhi. isalie apane kurte payazame men hatharas ja pahunche. unaki kavitaon ko logo ne behad pasnd kiya. do git padhane ke bad jab ve vida hue to kuchh rupaye, patr-pushp bhent men mile. raste bhar apane ane-jane ka kul kharcha jod ke hisab lagaya ki isase achchha kam aur kya ho sakata hai ki ay bhi aur hindi sahity ke nirman men yogadan bhi. agara vapas som thakur ne naukari v tyooshan karana tyag diya aur apane svapn ko poora karane men jut gaye.

vyaktitv

som thakur bade hi sahaj, saral v snvedanashil vyaktitv ke kavi hain. sabase pahali bar agara ke ek prakhyat bazar ravatapada men sthit dharmashala men kavi sammelan ho raha tha, jisaki adhyakshata daau. kuladip kar rahe the. som thakur ek hi kavita likhakar le gaye the, jise unhonne apane madhur knth se padha aur jo kavy premiyon ko behad pasnd aee. unako any kavitaon ko sunane ke lie agrah kiya. ve bade dharm snkat men pad gaye, doosari kavita ho to padhen. unhonne apani sahaj aur saral vani men spasht kah diya ki- "mere pas is samay ek hi kavita thi. vah mainne apako suna di, doosari kavita ke lie kshama karen." apane kushal vyavahar tatha madhur knth ke karan 21 joon, 1955 men akashavani, dilli se bhi som thakur ko kavitayen padhane ka avasar prapt hone laga. san 1961 se brajabhasha men som thakur ne apani vani men kavita likhana prarnbh kar diya tha.

snpadak

hindi sahity ke navasrijan evn sahityakaron ko protsahit karane ke uddeshy se agara men ek sahityik snstha 'ratnadip' thi, jise hrishikesh chaturvedi apani sevayen dete the tatha prati somavar ko apane nivas sthan par kavy goshthi ka ayojan kiya karate the. isi snstha ke antargat hindi ka masik patr 'navin' prakashit kiya jata tha, jisamen navodit rachanakaro ki rachanaen prakashit hoti thi. sah snpadak ka karyabhar som thakur snbhalate the.

kritiyan

prakashit
  • 'abhiyan' - khnd kavy (1993), 'ek richa patal ko' - navagit sngrah (1997).
aprakashit
  • 'chndan aur abir' - rashtr bodh ke giton ka sngrah.
  • 'lokapriya' - lokapriy parnparik giton ka sngrah.
  • 'braj-chhandima' - brajabhasha ki kritiyon ka snkalan.[1]

samman tatha puraskar

  1. 'bharatiy atma puraskar', kanapur
  2. daau. shiv mngal sinh 'suman' git puraskar, unnav
  3. 'kaka hatharasi trast' dvara 'brajabhasha puraskar', hatharas
  4. 'rashtr bhasha parishad munbee' dvara 'mahiyasi mahadevi varma puraskar'
  5. pragatishil sanskritik, sahityik mnch dvara bhi som thakur sammanit kiye ge tatha anek sahityik sanskritik, samajik snsthaon ke sammelanon ke avasar par samman mila.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 kavi som thakur (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 06 aktoobar, 2013.
  2. som thakur gitakar (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 06 aktoobar, 2013.

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