जीवनानन्द दास  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

jivananand das
jivananand das
poora nam jivananand das
janm 17 faravari, 1899
janm bhoomi bngal
mrityu 22 aktoobar, 1954
mrityu sthan kolakata, pashchim bngal
karm bhoomi bharat
karm-kshetr kavy tatha upanyas lekhan
mukhy rachanaen 'banalata sen', 'jhara palok', 'dhoosar pandulipi', 'satati tarar timir', 'manav bihngam', 'malyavan', 'kalyani', 'niroopamayatra' adi.
bhasha bangla
prasiddhi bangla kavi tatha lekhak
vishesh yogadan jivanannd das ne bangla bhasha men varnanatmak shaili ke sthapaty ka sootrapat kiya, jisane ekaraikhi pragatishil samay ko ulat diya.
nagarikata bharatiy
snbndhit lekh bangla bhasha, bangla sahity, bangla lipi
any janakari adhunik bangla kavita ko jivananand das ka yogadan apratim hai. prakriti se unake gahare tadatmy ne bangla kavita ko kee anoothe binb diye.
inhen bhi dekhen kavi soochi, sahityakar soochi

jivananand das (angrezi: Jibanananda Das ; janm- 17 faravari, 1899, bngal; mrityu- 22 aktoobar, 1954, kolakata, pashchim bngal) bangla bhasha ke prasiddh kavi aur lekhak the. ve aise bangla kavi the, jinhonne kavita men varnanatmak shaili ke sthapaty ka sootrapat kiya. unake upanyas aur kahaniyan bangla kshetr ke logon ke bich khas sthan rakhate hain. unhen 1955 men maranoparant shreshth kavita ke lie 'sahity akadami puraskar' se sammanit kiya gaya tha. jivananand das ji ki kavita ne ravindranath ke bad bangla samaj ki kee pidhiyon ko chamatkrit kiya. unaki kavita 'banalata sen' to mano anivary roop se knthasth ki jati rahi hai.

janm

jivananand das ji ka janm 11 faravari, san 1899 ko britishakalin bngal ke barisal men hua tha. ve ek brahman parivar se sambandh rakhate the.

kavi tatha gadyakar

jivananand das ki kavita ne ravindranath ke bad banglabhashi samaj ki kee pidhiyon ko chamatkrit kiya aur unaki kavita 'banalata sen' to manon anivary roop se knthasth ki jati rahi hai. adhunik bangla kavita ko jivananand das ka yogadan apratim hai. prakriti se unake gahare tadatmy ne bangla kavita ko kee anoothe binb diye. jivananand das samarth gadyakar bhi the. unaki mrityu ke bad unake likhe kee upanyas prakash men aye. kahaniyan bhi unhonne likhi thin. jab 1955 men sahity akadami ne svikrit bharatiy bhashaon men se pratyek ki sarvashreshth sahityik kriti par puraskaron ki sthapana ki to bangla men puraskar ke lie chuni jane vali pustak jivananand das ki shreshth kavita hi thi. angrezi se hindi anuvad men prastut is vinibndh ka yah tisara snskaran hai, aur isamen di gee kavitaen angrezi anuvadon se n hokar mool bangla se hi prayag shukl dvara anudit ki gee hain. isaka tisara snshodhit-parivarddhit snskaran is bat ka bhi praman hai ki ise hindi-jagat men pasnd kiya gaya hai.[1]

varnanatmak shaili ka sootrapat

jivanannd das ne bangla bhasha men varnanatmak shaili ke sthapaty ka sootrapat kiya, jisane ekaraikhik pragatishil samay ko ulat diya. 1940 men unhonne’pairadaim’ shirshak se ‘parichay’ patrika men ek kavita likhi thi, jisamen tarkik vichalan, asntulan, vyngy, ullas, aveg, bahuraikhikata, gatyatmak bimb, kendr rahitata sahit uttar adhunik path ki sabhi visheshataen thin. ve pahale bangla kavi the, jinhonne ‘virodhabhason’ ka atishay istemal kiya tha. jivanannd das ke samakalin kavi snjay bhattachary ne kaha tha “is inaditaraminijam ki paristhiti men ’rijan’ ka mahattv pahale jaisa nahin raha, saintiphik varld bhi mistik varld ki or ja raha hai.

jivanannd das ke upanyas aur kahaniyan unake jivan kal men nahin chhapin, kyonki ve sthapaty, vyakaranik aur vaicharik drishti se bauddhik mathadhishon dvara pravartit sabhi poorv dharanaon ke pare jati thin. aise alochak aur vidvanh hain jo yah batate hain ki ye akhyan upanyas aur kahaniyon ki koti men nahin ate. inamen se kuchh jivanannd das ki kavitaon ke bhndar se ‘vastavik kavitaon’ ki sahi snkhya ke bare men gnbhirata se bat karate hain. vastut: aupaniveshik kainan ne hi ravindranath ki kavitaon men se bhi vastavik kavitaon ki snkhya ginane ke lie kuchh alochakon ko prerit kiya hai.[2]

  • bangla kavi jivananand das ne kaha tha ki- "kavita likhane vale bahutere hote hain, par sabhi kavi nahin hote."[3]

vanalata sen

kavi jivanannd das ne azadi se pahale apani ek kavita men ‘vanalata sen’ ke roop men ek aisi shantidayini yuvati ko racha, jo kavi ko kahin mili thi. ‘charon or bichha jivan ke hi samudr ka phen / shanti kisi ne di to vah thi vanalata sen.‘ yahi vanalata sen age chalakar alok shrivash‍tav se lekar anek kaviyon ke yahan vicharan karati nazar ati hai.[4]

jivananand ki rachanaen
kavy granth
  1. jhara palok (1927)
  2. dhoosar pandulipi (1936)
  3. vanalata sen (1942)
  4. mahaprithibi (1944)
  5. satati tarar timir (1948)
  6. roopasi bangal (1957)
  7. shreshtho kavita (1958)
  8. bela abela kalabela (1961)
  9. sudarshana (1973)
  10. manav bihngam (1979)
  11. alo prithibi (1981)
  12. aprakashito ekanno (1999)
upanyas
  1. malyavan
  2. poornima
  3. kalyani
  4. charajon
  5. bibhav
  6. mrinal
  7. niroopamayatra
  8. karuvasana
  9. jivanapranali
  10. viraj
  11. pretinir
  12. sutirtho
  13. basamotir upakhyan

nidhan

bangla kavita tatha upanyas adi ke lekhan men vishesh yogadan dene vale jivananand das ji ka nidhan 22 aktoobar, 1954 ko kolakata, pashchim bngal men hua.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. jivananand das-bharatiy sahity ke nirmata (hindi) eksotik indiya. abhigaman tithi: 04 pharavari, 2015.
  2. jivananand das (hindi) googal buks. abhigaman tithi: 04 pharavari, 2015.
  3. atit par roshani (hindi) hindustan. abhigaman tithi: 04 pharavari, 2015.
  4. liyo ri bajnta dhol (hindi) janakipul. abhigaman tithi: 04 pharavari, 2015.

bahari kadiyan

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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