बुल्ले शाह  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

bulle shah
bulle shah
poora nam abdulla shah
any nam saeen bulle shah, bulla
janm 1680 ee.
janm bhoomi gilaniyan uchch vartaman pakistan
mrityu 1758 ee.
abhibhavak shah muhammad daravesh
karm-kshetr sahityakar
mukhy rachanaen bulle noon samajhavan aneeyan, ab ham gum hue, kisase ab too chhipata hai
bhasha pnjabi, urdoo, hindi
snbndhit lekh hazarat muhammad
any janakari bulle shah ji ne pnjabi muhavare men apane apako abhivyakt kiya. jabaki any hindi aur sadhukkadi bhasha men apana sndesh dete the. pnjabi soophiyon ne n keval theth pnjabi bhasha ki chhavi ko banae rakha balki unhonne pnjabiyat v lok snskriti ko surakshit rakha.
adyatan‎
inhen bhi dekhen kavi soochi, sahityakar soochi

baba bulle shah (angrezi: Bulleh Shah, janm- 1680 ee., gilaniyan uchch, vartaman pakistan; mrityu- 1758 ee.) pnjabi soofi kavy ke asaman par ek chamakate sitare ki tarah the. unaki kavy rachana us samay ki har kism ki dharmik kattarata aur girate samajik kiradar par ek tikha vyngy hai. baba bulle shah ne bahut bahaduri ke sath apane samay ke hakimon ke zulmon aur dharmik kattarata viruddh avaz uthaee. baba bulle shah ji ki kavitaon men kafiyan, dohade, baranmah, athavara, gndhan aur siharafiyan shamil hain . unaka mool nam abdulla shah tha. age chalakar unaka nam bulla shah ya bulle shah ho gaya. pyar se log unhen saeen bulle shah ya baba bulla bhi kahate hain. vah islam ke antim nabi muhammad ki putri fatima ke vnshajon men se the.[1]

parichay

bulle shah ka janm 1680 ee. gilaniyan uchch, vartaman pakistan men hua tha. unake jivan se sambandhit vidvanon men matabhed hain. bulle shah ke mata-pita pushtaini roop se vartaman pakistan men sthit bahavalapur rajy ke "gilaniyan uchch" namak ganv se the, jahan se ve kisi karan se malakaval ganv (zila mulatan) ge. malakaval men pndok namak ganv ke malik apane ganv ki masjid ke liye maulavi dhoondhate ae. is kary ke liye unhonne bulle shah ke pita shah muhammad daravesh ko chuna aur bulle shah ke mata-pita pandoke (vartaman nam pandoke bhattiyan) chale ge. kuchh itihasakaron ka manana hai ki bulle shah ka janm pandoke men hua tha aur kuchh ka manana hai ki unaka janm uchch gilaniyan men hua tha aur unhonne apane jivan ke pahale chhah mahine vahin bitae the. bulle shah ke dada saiyyad abdur rajzaq the aur ve saiyyad jalal-ud-din bukhari ke vnshaj the. saiyyad jalal-ud-din bukhari bulle shah ke janm se tin sau sal pahale su़rkh bukhara namak jagah se akar mulatan men base the. bulle shah hazarat muhammad sahib ki putri fatima ke vnshajon men se the. unake pita shah muhammad the jinhen arabi, pharasi aur quran shariph ka achchha gyan tha. unake pita ke nek jivan ka prabhav bulle shah par bhi pada. unaki uchch shiksha kasoor men hi huee. unake ustad hazarat khvaja gulam murtaza sarikhe khyatanama the. pnjabi kavi varis shah ne bhi khvaja gulam murtaza se hi shiksha li thi. arabi, pharasi ke vidvanh hone ke sath-sath apane islami aur soophi dharm grntho ka bhi gahara adhyayan kiya.

dharmik pravatti

bulle shah dharmik pravatti ke the. unhonne soophi dharm grnthon ka bhi gahara adhyayan kiya tha. sadhana se bulle ne itani takat hasil kar li ki adhapake phalon ko ped se bina chhue gira de. par bulle ko talash thi ik aise murashad ki jo use khuda se mila de. us din shah inayat araeen (chhoti musalim jat) ke bag ke pas se guzarate hue, bulle ki nazar un par padi. use laga shayad murashad ki talash poori huee. murashad ko azamane ke lie bulle ne apani gaibi takat se am gira die. shah inayat ne kaha, naujavan tumane chori ki hai. bulle ne chaturaee dikhaee, na chhua na patthar mara kaisi chori? shah inayat ne inayat bhari najऱon se dekha, har saval lajavab ho gaya. bulla pairon par natamastak ho gaya. jholi phaila khair mangi murashad mujhe khuda se mila de. murashad ne kaha, mushkil nahin hai, bas khud ko bhula de. phir kya tha bulla murashad ka murid ho gaya. lekin abhi imtihan baki the. pahala imtihan to ghar se hi shuroo hua. saiyyadon ka beta araeen ka murid ho, to tathakathit samaj men maulana ki ijzat khak men mil jaegi. par bulla kahan jati ko janata hai. kahan pahanachanata hai samaj ke majahabon vale mukhaute. parivarijanon dvara unhen samajhane ka bahut yatn kiya parantu bulle shah ji apane nirnay se tas se mas n hue. parivarijanon ke sath huee takarar ka zikr unhonne apani kavitaon men bhi kiya hai. unaki bahanen-bhabhiyan jab samajhati hain-

bulle noo samajhavan aiyan bhainan te bharajaiyan
bulle toon ki likan laiyan chhadd de palla araiyan

to bulla gata hai-

alaph alha nal ratta dil mera,
mainnoo 'be' di khabar n kaee

'be' padadeyan mainnoo samajh n ave,
lajjat alaph di aee

ain te gain noo samajh n janan
gall alaph samajhaee

bulleya kaul alaph de poore
jehade dil di karan saphaee

arth- jisaki alph yani us ek ki samajh lag gee use age padhऩe ki jarurat hi nahin. alph urdoo ka pahala akshar hai bulle ne kaha hai, jisane alph se dil laga liya, phir use baki akshar ain-gen nahin bhate.[2]

dnt kathaen

jaise sabhi dharmik logon ke sath dnt-kathaen jud jati hain, vaise hi bulle shah ji ke sath bhi kee aisi kathaen judi huee hain. in kathaon ka vaigyanik adhar chahe kuchh bhi n ho parantu jan-manas men unaka vishesh sthan avashy rahata hai.

bulle shah aur unake guru

1. bulle shah v unake guru ke sambandhon ko lekar bahut si baten prachalit hain, bulle shah jab guru ki talash men the; vah inayat ji ke pas bagiche men pahunche, ve apane kary men vyast the; jisake karan unhen bulle shah ji ke ane ka pata n laga; bulle shah ne apane adhyatmik abhyas ki shakti se paramatma ka nam lekar amon ki or dekha to pedon se am girane lage; guru ji ne poochha, "kya yah am apane tode hain?" bulle shah ne kaha “n to main ped par chadha aur n hi patthar phainke, bhala main kaise am tod sakata hoon;” bulle shah ko guru ji ne oopar se niche tak dekha aur kaha, "are too chor bhi hai aur chatur bhi;" bulla guru ji ke charanon men pad gaya; bulle ne apana nam bataya aur kaha main rab ko pana chahata hoon. saeen ji us samay paniri kyari se ukhad kar khet men laga rahe the. unhonne kaha, "bulliha rab da ki pauna. edharon putana te odhar launa" in sidhe-sade shabdon men guru ne roohaniyat ka sar samajha diya ki man ko snsar ki taraph se hatakar paramatma ki or mod dene se rab mil jata hai. bulle shah ne yah pratham diksha ganth bandh li.

2. kahate hain ki ek bar bulle shah ji ki ichchha huee ki madina shariph ki jiyarat ko jaen. unhonne apani ichchha guru ji ko bataee. inayat shah ji ne vahan jane ka karan poochha. bulle shah ne kaha ki "vahan hazarat muhammad ka roja shariph hai aur svayn rasool alla ne faramaya hai ki jisane meri qabr ki jiyarat ki, goya usane mujhe jivit dekh liya." guru ji ne kaha ki isaka javab main tin din bad doonga. bulle shah ne apane madine ki ravanagi sthagit kar di. tisare din bulle shah ne sapane men hazarat rasool ke darshan kie. rasool alla ne bulle shah se kaha, "tera murashad kahan hai? use bula lao." rasool ne inayat shah ko apani daeen or bitha liya. bulla nazar jhukakar khada raha. jab nazar uthi to bulle ko laga ki rasool aur murashad ki soorat bilkul ek jaisi hai. vah pahachan hi nahin paya ki donon men se rasool kaun hai aur murashad kaun hai.[1]

sahityik den

bulle shah ji ne pnjabi muhavare men apane apako abhivyakt kiya. jabaki any hindi aur sadhukkadi bhasha men apana sndesh dete the. pnjabi soophiyon ne n keval theth pnjabi bhasha ki chhavi ko banae rakha balki unhonne pnjabiyat v lok snskriti ko surakshit rakha. bulle shah ne apane vicharon v bhavon ko kaphiyon ke roop men vyakt kiya hai. kafi bhakton ke padon se milata julata kavy roop hai. kaphiya bhakton ke bhavon ko gey roop men prastut karati hain isalie iname bahut-se ragon ki bndish milati hai. jan sadharan bhi soophi daraveshon ke takiyon par jama hote the aur mil kar bhakti men vibhor hokar kaphiyan gate the. kaphiyon ki bhasha bahut sadi v am logon ke samajhane yogy hain. bulle shah lok dil par is tarah raj kar rahe the ki unhonne bulle shah ki rachanaon ko apana hi samajh liya. vah bulle shah ki kaphiyon ko is tarah gate the jaise vah svayn hi isake rachayita hon. inaki kaphiyon men arabi, pharasi ke shabd aur islami dharm grntho ke muhavare bhi milate hain. lekin kul milakar usame sthaniy bhasha, muhavare aur sadachar ka rng hi pradhan hai.[3]

nidhan

vidvanon ke dvara bulle shah ka nidhan 1758 ee. men mana jata hain parntu kuchh vidvanh inaki mrityu 1759 ee. ko bhi manate hain.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 hindi kavita, baba bulle shah (hindi) www.hindi-kavita.com. abhigaman tithi: 16 faravari, 2017.
  2. bulla ki janan main kaun? - bulle shah par vishesh prastuti (hindi) podcast.hindyugm.com. abhigaman tithi: 17 faravari, 2017.
  3. bulle shah (hindi) superzindagi.in. abhigaman tithi: 17 faravari, 2017.

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