शमशेर बहादुर सिंह  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

shamasher bahadur sinh
shamasher bahadur sinh
poora nam shamasher bahadur sinh
janm 13 janavari, 1911
janm bhoomi deharadoon
mrityu 12 mee, 1993
mrityu sthan ahamadabad
abhibhavak baboo tarif sinh aur shrimati prabhudeee
pati/patni shrimati dharmadevi
karm bhoomi bharat
karm-kshetr kavi, lekhak
mukhy rachanaen 'kuchh kavitaen' (1956), 'kuchh aur kavitaen' (1961), 'shamasher bahadur sinh ki kavitaen' (1972), 'udita : abhivyakti ka sngharsh' (1980), 'itane pas apane' (1980), 'chuka bhi hoon nahin main' (1981), 'bat bolegi' (1981), 'kal tujhase hod hai meri' (1988), 'shamasher ki gazalen'
bhasha hindi tatha urdoo
shiksha bi.e.
puraskar-upadhi sahity akadami puraskar (1977), maithili sharan gupt puraskar (1987), rashtriy kabir samman (1989) adi.
nagarikata bharatiy
snbndhit lekh shamasher bahadur sinh ki kavy bhasha men bimb vidhan
karyakshetr 'roopabh' men karyalay sahayak ke roop men (1939); 'kahani' men trilochan ke sath (1940); 'naya sahity' bambee men kamyoon men rahate hue (1946); 'maya' men sahayak sampadak (1948-54); 'naya path' aur 'manorath kahaniyan' men sampadan sahayog. dilli vishvavidyalay men yoo.ji.si. ke projekt 'urdoo-hindi kosh' men sampadak (1965-77). adhyaksh- premachnd srijan pith, vikram vishvavidyalay 1981-85 yatra: soviyat sngh 1978.
inhen bhi dekhen kavi soochi, sahityakar soochi

shamasher bahadur sinh (angrezi: Shamsher Bahadur Singh, janm: 13 janavari, 1911 - mrityu: 12 mee, 1993) adhunik hindi kavita ke pragatishil kavi hain. ye hindi tatha urdoo ke vidvan hain. prayogavad aur nee kavita ke kaviyon ki pratham pnkti men inaka sthan hai. inaki shaili angrezi kavi ejara paund se prabhavit hai. shamasher bahadur sinh 'doosara saptak' (1951) ke kavi hain. shamasher bahadur sinh ne kavitaon ke saman hi chitron men bhi prayog kiye hain. adhunik kavita men 'agyey' aur shamasher ka krititv do bhinn dishaon ka parichayak hai- 'agyey' ki kavita men vastu aur roopakar donon ke bich sntulan sthapit rakhane ki pravritti parilakshit hoti hai, shamasher men shilp-kaushal ke prati atirikt jagarookata hai. is drishti se shamasher aur 'agyey' kramashah do adhunik angrez kaviyon ejara paund aur iliyat ke adhik nikat hain. adhunik angrezi-kavy men shilp ko pradhany dene ka shrey ejara paund ko prapt hai. vastu ki apeksha roopavidhan ke prati unamen adhik sajagata drishtigochar hoti hai. adhunik angrezi-kavy men kavy-shaili ke naye prayog ejara paund se prarambh hote hain. shamasher bahadur sinh ne apane vaktavy men ejara paund ke prabhav ko muktakanth se svikar kiya hai- tekanik men ejara paund shayad mera sabase bada adarsh ban gaya.

parichay

shamasher bahadur sinh ka janm deharadoon men 13 janavari, 1911 ko hua. unake pita ka nam tariph sinh tha aur man ka nam param devi tha. shamasher ji ke bhaee tej bahadur unase do sal chhote the. unaki man donon bhaiyon ko 'ram-lakshman ki jodi' kaha karati thin. jab shamasher bahadur sinh ath ya nau varsh ke hi the, tab unaki man ki mrityu ho gee, kintu donon bhaiyon ki jodi shamasher ki mrityu tak bani rahi.

shiksha

arnbhik shiksha deharadoon men huee aur haeeskool-intar ki pariksha gonda se di. bi.e. ilahabad se kiya, kinhin karanon se em.e. phainal n kar sake. 1935-36 men ukil bndhuon se penting kala sikhi. 'roopabh', 'kahani', 'naya sahity', 'maya', 'naya path', 'manohar kahaniyan' adi men snpadan sahayog. urdoo-hindi kosh projekt men snpadak rahe aur vikram vishvavidyalay ke 'premachnd srijanapith' ke adhyaksh rahe. doosara tar saptak ke kavi hain.

vivah

san 1929 men 18 varsh ki avastha men shamasher bahadur sinh ka vivah dharmavati ke sath hua, lekin chhah varsh ke bad hi 1935 men unaki patni dharmavati ki mrityu tibi ke karan ho gee. 24 varsh ke shamasher ko mila jivan ka yah abhav kavita men vibhav banakar hamesha maujood raha. kal ne jise chhin liya tha, use apani kavita men sajiv rakhakar ve kal se hod lete rahe. yuvakal men shamasher bahadur sinh vamapnthi vicharadhara aur pragatishil sahity se prabhavit hue the. unaka jivan nimn madhyavargiy vyakti ka tha.

kavy shaili

shamasher bahadur sinh men apane bimbon, upamanon aur sngitadhvaniyon dvara chamatkar aur vaichitryapoorn adhath utpann karane ki cheshta avashy upalabdh hoti hai, par kisi kendragami vichar-tatv ka unamen prayah abhav-sa hai. abhivyakti ki vakrata dvara varn-vigrah aur varn-sndhi ke adhar par nayi shabd-yojana ke prayog se chamatkarik aghat dene ki pravritti inamen kisi thos vichar tattv ki apeksha adhik mahattv rakhati hai. shamasher bahadur sinh men mukt sahachary aur asambaddhatajany duroohata ke tattv saf nazar ate hain. unaki abhivyakti men adhoorapan parilakshit hota hai. shamasher ki kavita men ulajhanabhari snvedanashilata adhik hai. unamen shabd-moh, shabd-khilavad ke prati adhik jagarookata hai aur shabd- yojana ke madhyam se sngit-dhvani utpann karane ki pravritti dekhi ja sakati hain.

adhunik kavy-bodh

shamasher ki kavitaen adhunik kavy-bodh ke adhik nikat hain, jahan pathak tatha shrota ke sahayog ki sthiti ko svikar kiya jata hai. unaka bimbavidhan ekadam jakada hua 'redimed' nahin hai. vah 'samajik' ke asvadan ko poori chhoot deta hai. is drishti se unamen amoortan ki pravritti apane kafi shuddh roop men dikhaee deti hai. urdoo ki gazal se prabhavit hone par bhi unhonne kavy-shilp ke navinatam roopon ko apanaya hai. prayogavad aur nayi kavita ke puraskartaon men ve agrani hain. unaki rachanaprakriti hindi men apratim hai aur anek sambhavanaon se yukt hai. hindi ke naye kaviyon men unaka nam pratham panktoy hai. 'agyey' ke sath shamasher ne hindi-kavitaon men rachana-paddhati ki nayi dishaon ko uddhatit kiya hai aur chhayavadottar kavy ko ek gati pradan ki hai.

vicharadhara

shamasher bahadur sinh hindi sahity men mansal endrie saundary ke advitiy chitere aur ajivan pragativadi vicharadhara ke samarthak rahe. unhonne svadhinata aur kranti ko apani niji chiz ki tarah apanaya. indriy saundary ke sabase snvedanapoorn chitr dekar bhi ve agyey ki tarah saundaryavadi nahin hain. unamen ek aisa thosapan hai, jo unaki vinamrata ko dhulamul nahin banane deta. sath hi kisi ek chaukhate men bndhane bhi nahin deta. sooryakant tripathi 'nirala' unake priy kavi the. unhen yad karate hue shamasher bahadur sinh ne likha tha-

"bhool kar jab rah, jab-jab rah.. bhataka main/ tumhin jhalake he mahakavi,/ saghan tam ki ankh ban mere lie."

shamasher ke rag-virag gahare aur sthayi the. avasaravadi dhng se vicharon ko apanana, chhodana unaka kam nahin tha. apane mitr aur kavi kedaranath agraval ki tarah ve ek taraf 'yauvan ki umadati yamunaen' anubhav kar sakate the, vahin doosari or 'lahoo bhare gvaliyar ke bazar men juloos' bhi dekh sakate the. unake lie nijata aur samajikata men alagav aur virodh nahin tha, balki donon ek hi astitv ke do chhor the. shamasher bahadur sinh un kaviyon men se the, jinake lie ma‌rksavad ki krantikari astha aur bharat ki sudirgh sanskritik parnpara men virodh nahin tha.

rachanaen

kavy-kritiyan
  1. 'kuchh kavitaen' (1956)
  2. 'kuchh aur kavitaen' (1961)
  3. 'shamasher bahadur sinh ki kavitaen' (1972)
  4. 'itane pas apane' (1980)
  5. 'udita : abhivyakti ka sngharsh' (1980)
  6. 'chuka bhi hoon nahin main' (1981)
  7. 'bat bolegi' (1981)
  8. 'kal tujhase hod hai meri' (1988)
  9. 'shamasher ki gazalen'.
gady rachana
  1. 'doab' nibndh- sngrah (1948)
  2. 'plat ka morcha' kahaniyan v skech (1952)
  3. 'shamasher ki dayari.'
anuvad
  1. sarashar ke urdoo upanyas 'kamini'
  2. 'hushoo'
  3. 'pi kahan.'
  4. ezaz husain dvara likhit urdoo sahity ka itihas .
  5. 'shadayntr' (soviyat sngh-virodhi gatividhiyon ka itihas)
  6. 'vandavasilavaska' (roosi) ke upanyas 'prithvi aur akash'
  7. 'ashchary lok men elis'.

samman aur puraskar

shamasher bahadur sinh ko der se hi sahi, bade-bade puraskar bhi mile- sahity akadami (1977), maithili sharan gupt puraskar (1987), kabir samman (1989) adi.

nidhan

shamasher bahadur sinh ne 12 mee, 1993 ko duniya se alavida kaha. daau. rnjana aragade ke anusar "jab unhen hart ataik aya to aspatal men lagabhag 72 ghnte se bhi kam rahe. vah bahut pida ka samay to nahin tha. lekin unhen shayad andaza ho gaya tha ki ab jane ka samay a gaya hai. main unase poochh rahi thi ki ve kya sunana chahenge galib ya kuchh aur lekin ve inakar men sir hilate rahe." ve yad karati hain, "akhir men shamasher ne gayatri mntr sunane ki ichchha jataee. ujjain men jab ve the to snskrit ki chhooti huee kadi vahin hath a gee thi. main gayatri mntr bol rahi thi aur ve sath men bolate ja rahe the. mntr bolate -bolate jab ve chup ho ge to main jan gee thi ki ab ve nahin hain."[1]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. saral-sahaj vyaktitv vala ek bada kavi (hindi) (ech.ti.em.el) bi.bi.si. hindi. abhigaman tithi: 31 aktoobar, 2011.

dhirendr, varma “bhag- 2 par adharit”, hindi sahity kosh (hindi), 590. sahayak grnth- 'shamasher' snpadak malayaj

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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