काका हाथरसी  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

kaka hatharasi
kaka hatharasi
poora nam prabhulal garg urf kaka hatharasi
janm 18 sitnbar, 1906
janm bhoomi hatharas, uttar pradesh
mrityu 18 sitnbar, 1995
abhibhavak shivalal garg aur barafi devi
pati/patni ratan devi
karm bhoomi bharat
karm-kshetr hasy kavi, lekhak
mukhy rachanaen 'kaka ki phulajhadiyan', 'kaka ke prahasan', 'lootaniti mnthan kari', 'khilakhilahat' adi.
bhasha hindi
puraskar-upadhi 'kala ratn' (1966), 'padm shri' (1985), 'anareri sitijan' (1989)
prasiddhi hasy kavi
vishesh yogadan 1932 men kaka ne hatharas men sngit ki unnati ke liye 'garg aind kampani' ki sthapana ki, jisaka nam bad men 'sngit karyalay hatharas' hua.
nagarikata bharatiy
any janakari apake nam se chalaya gaya 'kaka hatharasi puraskar' prativarsh ek sarvashreshth hasy kavi ko pradan kiya jata hai.
inhen bhi dekhen kavi soochi, sahityakar soochi
kaka hatharasi ki rachanaen

kaka hatharasi (angrezi:Kaka Hathrasi) (vastavik nam- prabhulal garg, janm- 18 sitnbar, 1906, hatharas, uttar pradesh; mrityu- 18 sitnbar, 1995) bharat ke prasiddh hindi hasy kavi the. unhen hindi hasy vyngy kavitaon ka paryay mana jata hai. kaka hatharasi ki shaili ki chhap unaki pidhi ke any kaviyon par to padi hi thi, vartaman men bhi anek lekhak aur vyngy kavi kaka ki rachanaon ki shaili apanakar lakhon shrotaon aur pathakon ka manornjan kar rahe hain. unaki rachanaen samaj men vyapt doshon, kuritiyon, bhrashtachar aur rajanitik kushasan ki or sabaka dhyan akrisht karati hain. bhale hi kaka hatharasi aj hamare bich nahin hain, lekin unaki hasy kavitae, jinhen ve 'phulajhadiyan' kaha karate the, sadaiv hame gudagudati rahengi.

jivan parichay

kaka hatharasi ka janm 18 sitnbar, 1906 ee. men uttar pradesh ke hatharas zile men hua tha. unake pita ka nam shivalal garg aur mata ka nam barafi devi tha. jab ve matr 15 din ke the, tabhi pleg ki mahamari ne unake pita ko chhin liya aur parivar ke durdin arambh ho gaye. bhaynkar garibi men bhi kaka ne apana sngharsh jari rakhate hue chhoti-moti naukariyon ke sath hi kavita rachana aur sngit shiksha ka samnvay banaye rakha.[1]

din attharah sitnbar, agraval parivar. unnis sau chh: men liya, kaka ne avatar.[1]

parivar

kaka hatharasi ke prapitamah gokul, mahavan se akar hatharas men bas ge the aur yahan unhonne bartan-vikray ka kam (vyapar) prarambh kiya tha. bartan ke vyapari ko un dinon 'kasere' kaha jata tha. pitamah (baba) shri sitaram kasere ne apane pita ke vyavasay ko niyamit roop se chalayaman rakha. usake bad bntavara hone par bartan ki dukan parivar ki doosari shakha par chali geen. parinamat: kaka ji ke pita ko bartanon ki ek dukan par munimagiri karani padi.[1]

pleg ka kahar

kaka ka janm 1906 men aise samay men hua tha, jab pleg ki bhaynkar bimari ne hazaron gharon ko uzad diya. yah bimari desh ke jis bhag men phailati, usake ganvon aur shaharon ko viran banati chali jati thi. shahar se ganvon aur ganvon se nagaron ki or vyakulata se bhagati huee bhid hriday ko knpit kar deti thi. kitane hi ghar ujad ge, bachche anath ho ge, mahilaen vidhava ho geen. kisi-kisi ghar men to nanhen-munnon ko palane vala tak nahin bacha tha. abhi kaka keval 15 din ke hi shishu the, ki inake pitaji ko pleg ki bimari ho gayi. 20 varshiy mata barafi devi, jinhonne abhi snsari jivan janane-samajhane ka prayatn hi kiya tha, is vajrapat se vyakul ho uthin. manon sara vishv unake lie soona aur andhakaramay ho gaya.

padosi vakil sahab par kavita

un dinon ghar men mataji, bade bhaee bhajanalal aur ek badi bahin kiran devi aur kaka kul char prani sadhan-vihin rah ge the. pita ki jaldi maut ho jane ke karan vah apane mama ke pas igalas men jakar rahane lage. kaka ji ne bachapan men chat-pakaudi tak bechi. halanki kavita ka shauq unhen bachapan se hi lag gaya tha.[2] unhonne apane mama ke padosi vakil sahab par ek kavita likhi-

ek pulinda bandhakar kar di us par sil
khola to nikale vahan lakhami chnd vakil
lakhami chnd vakil, vajan men itane bhari
shakl dekhakar pnchar ho jati hai lari
hokar ke majaboor, oont gadi men jaen
pahie choon-choon karen, oont ko miragi ae

kisi prakar yah kavita vakil sahab ke hath pad gee aur kaka ko puraskar men pitaee mili.

'kaka' namakaran

vaise to kaka hatharasi ka asali nam to 'prabhoolal garg' tha, lekin unhen bachapan men natak adi men bhi kam karane ka shauq tha. ek natak men unhonne 'kaka' ka kiradar nibhaya, aur bas tabhi se prabhoolal garg 'kaka' nam se prasiddh ho ge. chaudah sal ki ayu men kaka phir apane parivar sahit igalas ke hatharas vapas a ge. yahan unhonne ek jagah 'munim' ki naukari kar li.[2]

vivah

isi dauran matr solah varsh ki avastha men kaka ki shadi 'ratan devi' se ho gee. kaka ki kavitaon men yahi ratan devi hamesha 'kaki' bani rahin. lekin inhin dinon durbhagy ne phir inaka sath pakad liya. vivah ke kuchh hi dinon bad phir kaka ki naukari chhoot gee aur ek bar phir se kaka ne kee din kafi muphilisi men gujare.

kavita ka prakashan

kaka hatharasi sngit ke premi to the hi, isake sath hi sath unhen chitrakari ka bhi bahut shauq tha. unhonne kuchh dinon tak vyavasay ke roop men chitrashala bhi chalaee, lekin vah bhi nahin chali to usake bad apane ek mitr ke sahayog se sngit karyalay ki ninv rakhi. isi karyalay se sngit par 'sngit patrika' prakashit huee. usaka prakashan aj bhi anavarat jari hai.[2] kaka ki pahali nimn kavita ilahabad se chhapane vali patrika 'guladasta' men chhapi thi-

ghuta karati hain meri hasaraten din rat sine men
mera dil ghutate-ghutate sakht hokar sil n ban jae

isake bad kaka ki aur bhi kee kavitaon ka lagatar prakashan hota raha.

sampadan kary

kaka hatharasi ne hasy ras se ot-prot kavitaon ke sath-sath sngit par bhi pustaken likhi thi. unhonne sngit par ek masik patrika ka sampadan bhi kiya. 'kaka ke karatoos' aur 'kaka ki phulajhadiyan' jaise stambhon ke dvara apane pathakon ke prashnon ke uttar dete hue ve apani samajik zimmedariyon ke prati bhi sachet rahate the. unaki pratham prakashit rachana 1933 men "guladasta" masik patrika men unake vastavik nam se chhapi thi.[3]

mukhy rachanaen

kaka hatharasi ke mukhy kavita sngrah is prakar hain-

  1. kaka ki phulajhadiyan
  2. kaka ke prahasan
  3. lootaniti mnthan kari
  4. khilakhilahat
  5. kaka tarng
  6. jay bolo beeeman ki
  7. yar saptak
  8. kaka ke vyngy ban
  9. kaka ke chutakule

yogadan

jivan ke sngharshon ke bich hasy ki phulajhadiyan jalane vale kaka hatharasi ne 1932 men hatharas men sngit ki unnati ke liye 'garg aind kampani' ki sthapana ki thi, jisaka nam bad men 'sngit karyalay hatharas' hua. bharatiy sngit ke sandarbh men vibhinn bhasha aur lipi men kiye gaye karyon ko unhonne jatan se ikattha karake prakashit kiya. unaki likhi pustaken sngit vidyalayon men pathy-pustakon ke roop men prayukt hueen. 1935 se sngit karyalay ne masik patrika "sngit" ka prakashan bhi arambh kiya, jo ki ab tak anavarat chal raha hai.

puraskar v samman

kaka hatharasi ka mnchiy kaviyon men ek vishisht sthan tha. saikadon kavi sammelanon men kaka ji ne kavy path kiya aur apani chhap chhod di. kaka ko 1957 men lal qila dilli par hone vale kavi sammelan ka bulava aya to unhonne apani shaili men kavy path kiya aur apani pahachan chhod di. kaka ko kee puraskar bhi mile. 1966 men brijakala kendr ke karyakram men kaka ko sammanit kiya gaya. kaka hatharasi ko 'kala ratn' ne navaja gaya. 1985 men unhen tatkalin rashtrapati gyani jail sinh ne 'padmashri' ki upadhi se navaja. kaka kee bar videsh men kavy path karane ge. 1989 men kaka ko amerika ke valtimaur men 'anareri sitijan' ke samman se sammanit kiya gaya. darjanon samman aur upadhiyan kaka ko mili. yahi nahin kaka ne film 'jamuna kinare' men abhinay bhi kiya. kaka hasy ko taaunik batate the.[2] unaka kahana tha ki-

daauktar-vaidy batala rahe kudarat ka qanoon
jitana hnsata adami, utana badhata khoon
utana badhata khoon, ki jo hasy men knjoosi
sundar se chehare par dekho chhayi manahoosi

puraskaron ki shuruat

kaka hatharasi nam par hi kaviyon ke liye 'kaka hatharasi puraskar' aur sngit ke kshetr men 'kaka hatharasi sngit' samman bhi arambh kiye. kaka hatharasi ne apane jivan kal men hasy ras ko bharapoor jiya tha. ve aur hasy ras apas men itane ghulamil ge hain ki hasy ras kahate hi unaka chitr samane a jata hai. unhonne kavi sammelanon, goshthiyon, rediyo aur ti. vi. ke madhyam se hasy-kavita aur sath hi hindi ke prasar men avismaraniy yogadan diya hai. unhonne sadharan janata ke lie sidhi aur saral bhasha men aisi rachanaen likhin, jinhonne desh aur videsh men base hue karodon hindi ke premiyon ke hriday ko chhua.

nidhan

18 sitnbar, 1906 ko janm lene vale kaka hatharasi ka nidhan bhi 18 sitnbar ko hi san 1995 men hua.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 mera jivan e-van (hindi) (ech.ti.em.el) bharatiy sahity sngrah. abhigaman tithi: 21 aktoobar, 2011.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 kuchh aisa tha kaka hatharasi ka junoon (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 13 joon, 2013.
  3. kaka hatharasi ka janmadin aur punyatithi (18 sitambar) (hindi) (ech.ti.em.el) sarvashreshth hindi blaaug soochi. abhigaman tithi: 21 aktoobar, 2011.

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

a   a    i    ee    u    oo    e    ai    o   au    an    k   kh    g    gh    n    ch    chh    j    jh    n    t    th    d   dh    n    t    th    d    dh    n    p    ph    b    bh    m    y    r    l    v    sh    sh    s    h    ksh    tr    gy    ri    ri    aau    shr   aah