महावन  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

mahavan
mathura nath shri dvarika nath, mahavan
vivaran mahavan yamuna ke doosare tat par sthit ati prachin sthan hai, jise balakrishn ki kridasthali mana jata hai. mahavan nam hi is bat ka dyotak hai ki yahan par pahale saghan van tha.
rajy uttar pradesh
zila mathura
marg sthiti mathura se 11 kilomitar ki doori par
prasiddhi hindoo dharmik sthal
kab jaen kabhi bhi
yatayat bas, aauto, kar adi
kya dekhen gokul, brahmand ghat
kya khayen khiramohan
snbndhit lekh kotavan, kamyavan, kokilavan, kumudavan, bahulavan, vrindavan, belavan, madhuvan, gokul, nandaganv, barasana
pin kod 281305
any janakari mahavan men prachin durg ki oonchi bhoomi ab bhi dekhane ko milati hai, is durg ke sambandh men kaha jata hai ki isako mevad ke raja katira ne nirmit kiya tha. mugal kal men san 1634 ee. men samrat shahajahan ne isi van men char sheron ka shikar kiya tha.
adyatan‎

mahavan zila mathura, u.pr. men mathura ke samip, yamuna ke doosare tat par sthit ati prachin sthan hai jise balakrishn ki kridasthali mana jata hai. yahan anek chhote-chhote mndir hain jo adhik purane nahin hain. samast vanon se ayatan men bada hone ke karan ise brihadvan bhi kaha gaya hai. isako mahavan, gokul ya vrihadvan bhi kahate hain. golok se yah gokul abhinn hai.[1] vraj ke chaurasi vanon men mahavan mukhy tha.

itihas se

mahavan mathura-sadabad sadak par mathura se 11 kilomitar doori par sthit hai. yah ek prachin sthan hai. mahavan nam hi is bat ka dyotak hai ki yahan par pahale saghan van tha. mugal kal men sanh 1634 ee. men samrat shahajahan ne isi van men char sheron ka shikar kiya tha. sanh 1018 ee. men mahamood gazanavi ne mahavan par akraman kar isako nasht bhrasht kiya tha. is durghatana ke uparant yah apane purane vaibhav ko prapt nahin kar saka.

  • minahaj namak itihasakar ne is sthan ko shahi sena ke thaharane ka sthan bataya hai.
  • san 1234 ee. men sultan altamash ne kalinjar ki or jo sena bheji thi vah yahan thahari thi.
  • san 1526 ee. men babar ne bhi is sthan ke mahattv ko svikar kiya tha.
  • akabar ke shasanakal men yah agara sarakar ke antargat 33 mahalon men se ek mahal tha.
  • san 1803 ee. men yah aligadh zile ka ek bhag tha.
  • san 1832 ee. men yah phir mathura zile men mila diya gaya. angreji shasan men yahan tahasil thi.
  • san 1910 ee. men tahasil mathura ko sthanantarit kar di gee.
  • bauddhakal men bhi ek mahattv ki jagah rahi hogi. fahyan namak chini yatri ne jin mathon ka varnan likha hai unamen se kuchh math yahan bhi rahe honge kyonki usane likha hai ki yamuna nadi ke donon or bauddh math bane hue the. bahut se itihasakaron dvara yah nagar eriyan aur plini [2] dvara varnit methora aur klisobora hai.
  • mahavan men prachin durg ki oonchi bhoomi ab bhi dekhane ko milati hai jisase gyat hota hai ki yah kuchh to prakritik aur kuchh kritrim tha is durg ke sambandh men kaha jata hai ki isako mevad ke raja katira ne nirmit kiya tha. paramparagat anushrutiyon se gyat hota hai ki rana musalamanon ke akraman se mevad chhodakar mahavan chale aye the aur unhonne digapal namak mahavan ke raja ke yahan ashray liya tha. rana ke putr kantakunar ka vivah digapal ki putri ke sath hua tha aur phir apane shvasur ke rajy ka hi vah ant men uttaradhikari hua. kantakunar ne apane paravarik purohiton ko sampoorn mahavan ka purohitattv pradan kiya. ye brahman sanadhy the. aj bhi un brahmanon ke vnshaj chaudhari upadhi grahan karate hain aur ab bhi thok chaudhariyan ke nam se ye prasiddh hai.
  • achary shri kailashachandr ‘krishn’ ke ‘mahavan aur ramanareti’ lekh ke anusar kasbe men ek sthan par british shasanakal ka shilalekh hai. jisake dvara mahavan tatha usake asapas men akhet karana nishiddh hai. mugal shasak akabar mahan, jahangir, shahajahan adi shasakon ne bhi pushti sampraday ke gosvamiyon se prabhavit hokar is kshetr men pashu-vadh ki nishedhagyaen prasarit ki thi.
  • chaurasi khambha mandir se poorv disha men kuchh hi door yamuna ji ke tat par brahmand ghat nam ka ramanik sthal hai. yahan bahut sundar pakke ghat hain. charon or suramy vrikshavali, udyan evn ek snskrit pathashala hai. dharmik manyata ke anukool yahan shrikrishn ne mitti khane ke bahane yashoda ko apane mukh men samagr brahmand ke darshan karaye the. yahin se kuchh door lataveshtit sthal men manohari chintaharan shiv darshan hain.
  • british kal men mahavan tahasil ban jane se is nagar ki kuchh unnati huee lekin prachin vaibhav ko yah prapt nahin kar saka.
  • mahavan ko aurngazeb ke samay men usaki dharmandh niti ka shikar banana pada tha. isake bad 1757 ee. men afagan ahamadashah abdali ne jab mathura par akraman kiya to usane mahavan men sena ka shivir banaya. vah yahan thahar kar gokul ko nasht karana chahata tha. kintu mahavan ke char hazar naga sannyasiyon ne usaki sena ke 2000 sipahiyon ko mar dala aur svayn bhi viragati ko prapt hue. gokul par hone vale akraman ka is prakar nirakaran hua aur abdali ne apani fauj vapas bula li. isake pashchath mahavan ke shivir men vishoochika (haija) ke prakop se abdali ke anek sipahi mar ge. at: vah shighr dilli laut gaya kintu jate-jate bhi is barbar akranta ne mathura, vrindavan adi sthanon par jo loot machaee aur lomaharshak vidhvns aur raktapat kiya vah isake poorv krityon ke anukool hi tha.

purani gokul

mahavan gokul se age 2 kilomitar door hai. log ise purani gokul bhi kahate hain. goparaj nand baba ke pita parjany gop pahale nandaganv men hi rahate the. vahin rahate samay unake upanand, abhinand, shrinand, sunand, aur nandan-ye panch putr tatha sananda aur nandini do kanyaen paida hueen. unhonne vahin rahakar apane sabhi putr aur kanyaon ka vivah diya. madhyam putr shrinand ko koee santan n hone se bade chintit hue. unhonne apane putr nand ko santan ki prapti ke lie 'narayan' ki upasana ki aur unhen akashavani se yah gyat hua ki shrinand ko asuron ka dalan karane vala mahaparakrami sarvagun sampann ek putr shighr hi paida hoga. isake kuchh hi dinon bad keshi adi asuron ka utpat arambh hone laga. parjany gop poore parivar aur sage sambandhiyon ke sath is brihadvan men upasthit hue. is brihadh ya mahavan men nikat hi yamuna nadi bahati hai. yah van nana prakar ke vrikshon, lata-vallariyon aur pushpon se sushobhit hai, jahan gooon ke charane ke lie hare-bhare charagah hain. aise ek sthan ko dekhakar sabhi gop brajavasi bade prasann hue tatha yahin par bade sukhapoorvak nivas karane lage. yahin par nandabhavan men yashoda maiya ne krishn kanhaiya tatha yogamaya ko yamaj santan ke roop men arddharatri ko prasav kiya. yahin yashoda ke sootikagar men nadichchhedan adi jatakarm roop vaidik snskar hue. yahin pootana, trinavart, shakatasur namak asuron ka vadh kar krishn ne unaka uddhar kiya. pas hi nand ki goshala men krishn aur baladev ka namakaran hua. yahin pas men hi ghutanon par ram krishn chale, yahin par maiya yashoda ne chnchal bal krishn ko okhal se bandha, krishn ne yamalarjun ka uddhar kiya. yahin dhaee-tin varsh ki avastha tak ki krishn aur ram ki balakridaen hueen. vrihadvan ya mahavan gokul ki lilasthaliyon ka brahmand puran men bhi varnan kiya gaya hai. [3]

vartaman darshaniy sthal

mathura se lagabhag chhah mil poorv men mahavan virajaman hai. brajabhakti vilas ke anusar mahavan men shrinandamandir, yashoda shayanasthal, okhalasthal, shakatabhajnnasthan, yamalarjun uddharasthal, saptasamudrik koop, pas hi gopishvar mahadev, yogamaya janmasthal, bal gokuleshvar, rohini mandir, pootana vadhasthal darshaniy hain. bhaktiratnakar granth ke anusar yahan ke darshaniy sthal hain- janm sthan, janm-snskar sthan, goshala, namakaran sthan, pootana vadhasthan, agnisnskar sthal, shakatabhajnn sthal, stanyapan sthal, ghutanon par chalane ka sthan, trinavart vadhasthal, brahmand ghat, yashoda ji ka angan, navanit chori sthal, damodar lila sthal, yamalarjun-uddhar-sthal, gopishvar mahadev, saptasamudrik koop, shrisanatan gosvami ki bhajanasthali, madanamohanaji ka sthan, ramanareti, gopakoop, upanand adi gopon ke vasasthan, shrikrishn ke jatakarm adi ka sthan, gop-baithak, vrindavan gamanapath, sakarauli adi.

dantadhavan tila

yahan nand maharaj ji baithakar datun ke dvara apane danton ko saf karate the.

nandababa ki haveli

dant dhavan tila ke niche aur asapas nand aur unake bhaeeyon ki haveliyan tatha sage-snbandhi gop, gopiyon ki haveliyan thin. aj unaka bhagnavashesh door-door tak dekha jata hai.

radhadamodar mndir

mathura se 18 ki0 mi0 door mahavan men yamuna ke banye tat par sthit yah prasiddh mandir tatkalin bodh kala evn sthapaty ka digdarshak hai. isamen assi khambha mukhy darshaniy hain.

nandabhavan

chaurasi khambha, mahavan
Chaurasi Khamba, Mahavan

nand haveli ke bhitar hi shri yashoda maiya ke kaksh men bhadon mah ke rohini nakshatrayukt ashtami tithi ko arddharatri ke samay svayn-bhagavan shrikrishn aur yogamaya ne yamaj santan ke roop men man yashoda ji ke garbh se janm liya tha. yahan yogamaya ka darshan hai. shrimadbhagavat men bhi isaka spasht varnan milata hai ki mahabhagyavan nandababa bhi putr ke utpann hone se bade anandit hue. unhonne nadichhed-snskar, snan adi ke pashchath brahmanon ko bulakar jatakarm adi snskaron ko sampann karaya.[4] shriraghupati upadhyayaji kahate hain ki snsar men janm-maran ke bhay se bhit koee shrutiyon ka ashray lete hain to koee smritiyon ka aur koee mahabharat ka hi sevan karate hain to karen, parantu main to un shrinandaray ji ki vandana karata hoon ki jinake angan men parabrahm balak banakar khel raha hai.

pootana uddhar sthal

mata ka vesh banakar pootana apane stanon men kalakoot vish bharakar nandabhavan men is sthal par ayi. usane sahaj hi yashoda-rohini ke samane hi palane par soye hue shishu krishn ko apani god men utha liya aur stanapan karane lagi. krishn ne kalakoot vish ke sath hi sath usake pranon ko bhi choosakar rakshasi sharir se use muktakar golok men dhat ke saman gati pradan ki. pootana poorvajanm men maharaj bali ki kanya ratnamala thi. bhagavan vamanadev ko apane pita ke rajabhavan men dekhakar vaise hi sundar putr ki kamana ki thi. kintu jab vamanadev ne bali maharaj ka sarvasv haran kar unhai nagapash men bandh diya to vah rone lagi. us samay vah yah sochane lagi ki aise kroor bete ko main vishamishrit stan-pan karakar mar daloongi. vamanadev ne usaki abhilashaon ko janakar 'evamh astu' aisa hi ho varadan diya tha. isilie shrikrishn ne usi roop men usaka vadh kar usako dhatrochit gati pradan ki. [5]

shakatabhnjan sthal

ek samay bal-krishn kisi chhakade ke niche palane men so rahe the. yashoda maiya unake janmanakshatr utsav ke lie vyast thin. usi samay kns dvara prerit ek asur us chhakade men pravisht ho gaya aur us chhakade ko is prakar se dabane laga jisase krishn us chhakade ke niche dabakar mar jaen. kintu chnchal balakrishn ne kilakari marate hue apane ek pair ki thokar se sahaj roop men hi usaka vadh kar diya. chhakada ulat gaya aur usake oopar rakhe hue doodh, dahi, makkhan adi ke bartan chakanachoor ho gaye. bachche ka rodan sunakar yashoda maiya daudi huee vahan pahunchi aur ashcharyachakit ho gee. bachche ko sakushal dekhakar brahmanon ko bulakar bahut si gooon ka dan kiya. vaidik raksha ke mantron ka uchcharanapoorvak brahmanon ne kali gay ke mootr aur gobar se krishn ka abhishek kiya. yah sthan is lila ko snjoye hue aj bhi vartaman hai. shakatasur poorv janm men hiranyaksh daity ka putr utkach namak daity tha. usane ek bar lomashrishi ke ashram ke hare-bhare vrikshon aur lataon ko kuchalakar nasht kar diya tha. rishi ne krodh se bharakar shrap diya- 'dusht tum deh-rahit ho jaon.' yah sunakar vah rishi ke charanon men girakar kshama mangane laga.' usi asur ne chhakade men avisht hokar krishn ko pis dalana chaha, kintu bhagavan krishn ke shricharanakamalon ke sparsh se mukt ho gaya. shrimadbhagavat men isaka varnan hai.

trinavart vadhasthal

ek samay kns ne krishn ko marane ke lie gokul men trinavart namak daity ko bheja. vah kns ki prerana se bavandar ka roop dharan kar gokul men aya aur yashoda ke pas hi baithe hue krishn ko udakar akash men le gaya. balakrishn ne svabhavik roop men usaka gala pakada liya, jisase usaka gala ruddh ho gaya, ankhen bahar nikal aeen aur vah prithvi par gir kar mar gaya.[6]

dadhimanthan sthal

yahan yashoda ji dadhi manthan karati thin. ek samay bal krishn nisha ke antim bhag men palng par so rahe the. yashoda maiya ne pahale din sham ko dipavali ke upalakshy men das, dasiyon ko unake gharon men bhej diya tha. savere svayn krishn ko mitha makkhan khilane ke lie dakshimanthan kar rahi thin tatha oonche svar evn tal-lay se krishn ki lilaon ka avisht hokar gayan bhi kar rahi thin. udhar bhookh lagane par krishn maiya ko khojane lage. palagn se utarakar bade kasht se dhulate-dhulate rodan karate hue kisi prakar man ke pas pahnche. yashoda ji bade pyar se putr ko godi men bithakar stanapan karane lagin. isi bich pas hi ag ke oopar rakha hua doodh uphanane laga. maiya ne atript krishn ko balapoorvak apani godi se niche baitha diya aur doodh ki raksha ke lie chali geen. atript bal krishn ke adhar krodh se phadakane lage aur unhonne lodhe se matake men chhed kar diya. taral dadhi matake se charon or bah gaya. krishn usi men chalakar ghar ke andar ulate okhal par chadhakar chhinke se makkhan nikalakar kuchh svayn khane lage aur kuchh bndaron tatha kauvon ko bhi khilane lage. yashoda ji lautakar bachche ki karatoot dekhakar hnsane lagin aur unhonne chhipakar ghar ke andar krishn ko pakadana chaha. maiya ko dekhakar krishn okhal se koodakar bhage, kintu yashodaji ne pichhe se unaki apeksha adhik veg se daudakar unhen pakad liya, dand dene ke lie okhal se bandh diya. [7] phir grihakary men lag gayin. idhar krishn ne sakhaon ke sath okhal ko khinchate hue poorv janm ke shrapagrast kuber putron ko sparsh kar unaka uddhar kar diya. yahin par nandabhavan men yashoda ji ne krishn ko okhal se bandha tha. nandabhavan se bahar pas hi nalakuber var manigriv ke uddhar ka sthan hai. ajakal jahan chaurasi khamba hain, vahan krishn ka nadichhedan hua tha. usi ke pas men nandakoop hai.

nandababa ki goshala

goshala men krishn aur baladev ka namakaran hua tha. gargachary ji ne is nirjan goshala men krishn aur baladev ka namakaran kiya tha. namakaran ke samay shribalaram aur krishn ke adbhut parakram, daityadalan evn bhagavatochit lilaon ke snbandh men bhavishyavani bhi ki thin. kns ke atyacharon ke bhay se nand maharaj ne bina kisi utsav ke namakaran snskar karaya tha.

mall tirth

yahan nnge bal krishn aur balaram paraspar mall yuddh karate then. gopiyan laddoo ka lobh dikhalakar unako mallayuddh ki prerana detin tatha yuddh ke lie ukasatin. ye donon balak ek doosare ko parajit karane ki lalasa se mall yuddh karate the. yahan par vartaman samay men gopishvar mahadev virajaman hain.

nandakoop

maharaj nand ji is kuen ka jal vyavahar karate the. isaka namantar saptasamudrik koop bhi hai. aisa kaha jata hai ki devataon ne bhagavan shrikrishnaki seva ke lie ise prakat kiya tha. isaka pani shitakal men ushn tatha ushnakal men shital rahata tha. isamen snan karane se samast papon se mukti mil jati hai.

mahavan men shrichaitany mahaprabhu

shri roop sanatan ke braj agaman se poorv shri chaitany mahaprabhu van bhraman ke samay yahan padhare the. ve mahavan men krishn janmasthan men shrimadanamohan ji ka darshanakar prem men vihval hokar nrity karane lage. unake netron se ashrudhara pravahit hone lagi. [8]

shrisanatan gosvami ka bhajanasthal

chaurasi khamba mandir se niche utarane par samudrik koop ke pas hi gufa ke bhitar sanatan gosvami ki bhajanakuti hai. sanatan gosvami kabhi-kabhi yahan gokul men ane par isi jagah bhajan karate the aur shrimadanagopalaji ka pratidin darshan karate then.[9] ek samay sanatan gosvami yamuna pulin ke ramaniy baloo men ek adbhut balak ko khelate hue dekhakar ashcharyachakit ho gaye. khel samapt hone par ve balak ke pichhe-pichhe chale, kintu mandir men pravesh hi vah balak dikhaee nahin diya, vigrah ke roop men shrimadanagopal dikhe. vahi shrimadanagopal kuchh samay bad pun: mathura ke chaubain ke ghar men usake balak ke sath men khelate hue mile. shrimadanagopal ne sanatanaji se unake sath vrindavan men le chalane lie agrah kiya. sanatan gosvami unako apani bhajanakuti men le aye aur vishal mandir banava kar unaki seva-pooja arambh karavaee. janmasthali nandabhavan se pray: ek mil poorv men brahmand ghat virajaman hai.

koleghat

brahmand ghat se yamuna par mathura ki or koleghat virajaman hai. shri vasudev ji navajat krishn ko lekar yahin se yamuna par hokar gokul nandabhavan men pahunche the. jis samay vasudev ji yamuna par karate samay bich men upasthit hue, us samay yamuna shrikrishn ke charanon ko sparsh karane ke lie badhane lagi. vasudev ji krishn ko oopar uthane lage. jab vasudev ji ke gale tak pani pahuncha to ve balak ki raksha karane ki chinta se ghabadakar kahane lage ise 'ko leve' arthat ise kaun lekar bachaye. isalie vajranabh ji ne yamuna ke is ghat ka nam koleghat rakha. yamuna ke star ko badhate dekhakar balakrishn ne pichhe se apane pairon ko yamuna ji ke kol men (godi men) sparsh kara diya. yamuna ji krishn ke charanon ka sparsh pakar jhat niche utar geen. pichhe se vahan tapoo ho gaya aur vahan koleganv bas gaya. kole ghat ke tatapar uthaleshvar aur pandeshvar mahadevaji ke darshan hain. daooji se panch kos uttar ki taraph devaspati gopaka nivas sthan devanagar hai. vahan ramasagarakund, prachin brihad kadamb vriksh aur devaspati gop ke poojan ki govardhan shila darshaniy hai. daooji ke pas hi hataura gram hain vahan nandarayaji ki baithak hai.

karnachhedan sthan

yahan balakrishn aur balaram ka karnachhedan snskar hua tha. isaka vartaman nam karnaval ganv hai. yahan karnabedh koop, ratnachauk aur shrimadanamohan tatha madhavarayaji ke shrivigrahon ke darshan hain.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

mahavan aur brahmand ghat vithika

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. golokaroopine tubhyn gokulay namo nam:. atidirghay ramyay dvavinshadyojanayate ॥ (bhavishyottare)
  2. plini, nechural histri, bhag 6, pri 19; tulaniy e, kaningham, di ainshh‍yentajyographi aph indiya, (indolajikal buk haus, varanasi, 1963), pri 315
  3. ekavinshati tirthanan yuktn bhoorigunanvitam . yamalarjun punyatmanamh, nandakoopn tathaiv ch ॥ chintaharann brahmandn, kundn sarasvatn tatha. sarasvatishila tatr, vishnukundn samanvitamh ॥ karnakoopn, krishnakundn gopakoopn tathaiv ch . ramann ramanasthann trinavartakhyapatanamh ॥ pootanapatanasthann trinavartakhyapatanamh . nandaharmy nandageh ghatn ramanasngykamh ॥ mathuranathodbhavn kshetrn punyn papapranashanamh. janmasthann tu sheshasy janm yogamayaya ॥ (brahmand puran
  4. nandastvatmaj utpanne jatahvado mahamana:. ahooy vipranh vedgyanh snat:shuchirnkrit: ॥ (shrimadbha0 10/5/1
  5. shrutimapare smritimitare bharamanye bhajantu bhavabhita: . ahamih nandn vande yasyalinde parnbrahm ॥ (shripadyavali prishth 67
  6. daityo namna trinavart: knsabhrity: pranodit:. chakravataroopen jaharasinamarbhakamh ॥ (shrimadbha. 10/7/20
  7. svamatu: svinnagatraya visrastakabarasraj: . drishtva parishramn krishn: kripayaaasith svabandhane ॥ (shrimadbha0 10/9/19
  8. ahe shrinivas ! krishn chaitany ethay . janmotsav sthan dekhi ullas hiyay ॥ bhavaveshe prabhu nrity, gite magn haila. kripa kari sarvachitt akasharn kaila ॥ bhaktiratnakar
  9. sanatan madanagopal darshan. mahasukh paeeya rahe mahavane ॥ (bhaktiratnakar

snbndhit lekh


bahari kadiyan

braj diskavari

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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