कंस  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

kns-vadh

puranon ke anusar yah andhak-vrishni sngh ke gan mukhy ugrasen ka putr tha . isamen svachchhand shasakiy ya adhinayakavadi pravrittiyan jagrit huee aur pita ko apadasth karake vah svayn raja ban baitha . isaki bahin devaki aur bahanoee vasudev the . inako bhi isane karagar men dal diya . yahin par inase krishn ka janm hua at: krishn ke sath usaka virodh svabhavik tha. krishn ne usaka vadh kar diya . apani nirnkush pravrittiyon ke karan kns ka chitran rakshas ke roop men hua hai .

svechchhachari nrip

shrikrishn ke janm ke pahale shoorasen janapad ka shasak kns tha, jo andhakavnshi ugrasen ka putr tha. bachapan se hi kns svechchhachari tha. bada hone par vah janata ko adhik kasht pahunchane laga. use ganatntr ki parampara ruchikar n thi aur shoorasen janapad men vah svechchhachari nripatntr sthapit karana chahata tha. usane apani shakti badhakar ugrasen ko padachyut kar diya aur svny mathura ke yadavon ka adhipati ban gaya. isase janata ke ek bade bhag ka kupit hona svabhavik tha. parantu kns ki aniti vahin tak simit nahin rahi; vah shighr hi mathura ka nirnkush shasak ban gaya aur praja ko anek prakar se pidit karane laga. isase praja men kns ke prati gahara asntosh phail gaya. par kns ki shakti itani prabal thi aur usaka antak itana chhaya hua tha ki bahut samay tak janata usake atyacharon ko sahati rahi aur usake viruddh kuchh kar sakane men asamarth rahi.

krishn janm

yaduvnshi raja shoorasen mathura men rahakar rajy karate the. unake putr vasudev ka vivah devak ki kanya devaki se hua. ugrasen ka ladaka kns apani chacheri bahan devaki ke rath ko hankane laga. usaka devaki se bahut sneh tha, tabhi akashavani sunayi padi-'jise too chahata hai, us devaki ka athavan balak tujhe mar dalega.' aisa sunakar kns ne bahan ko marane ke lie talavar nikal li. vasudev ne use shant kiya tatha vada kiya ki vah apana putr use saunp diya karenge.
kns ka karagar, mathura
Kans Prison, Mathura
pahala putr hone par jab vasudev kns ke pas pahunche to nanhe balak ko vaise hi lauta kar kns ne kaha ki use to athavan beta chahie. ek din narad ne kns ke pas pahunchakar bataya ki yaduvnshi sab devata, apsara adi hain- ve daityon ka snhar karane ke lie janme hain, to kns ne socha – kyonki poorv janm men vah svayn bhi 'kalanemi' namak rakshas tha, jise vishnu ne mara tha, isalie ab bhi devaki ke udar se vishnu hi janm lenge. aisa vichar kar usane vasudev aur devaki ko kaid kar liya. kns ne ek-ek karake devaki ke chhah beton ko janm lete hi mar dala.

balaram ke nam

sataven garbh men shrihari ke ansharoop shrishesh (annt) ne pravesh kiya tha. kns use bhi mar dalega, aisa sochakar bhagavan ne yogamaya se devaki ka garbh brajanivasini vasudev ki patni rohini ke udar men rakhava diya. devaki ke garbh se khinche jane ke karan ve 'snkarshan' , lokarnjan ke karan 'ram' tatha balavan ke hone ke karan balabhadr nam se vikhyat hue. devaki ka garbhapat ho gaya. tadanntar athaven bete ki bari men shrihari ne svayn devaki ke udar se poornavatar liya tatha yogamaya ko yashoda ke garbh se janm lene ka adesh diya. shrikrishn janm lekar, devaki tatha vasudev ko apane virat roop ke darshan dekar, pun: ek sadharan balak ban gaye. yogamaya ke prabhav se jel ke paharedaron se lekar brajavasiyon tak sabhi besudh ho gaye the. yogamaya ne yashoda ke ghar men janm liya tha. par vah putr hai ya putri , abhi kisi ko gyat nahin tha. tabhi vasudev mathura se shishu krishn ko lekar nnd ke ghar pahunch gaye. jel ke daravaze svayn hi khulate chale gaye. nadi ne bhi vasudev ko marg diya. nnd ne navajat shishu (shrikrishn) ko badal liya. kns ne use hi tangon se uthakar pataka. vah yah kahati huee ki 'tujhe marane vala to anyatr janm le chuka hai,' akash ki or ud gayi tatha antardhan ho gayi. kns ne vasudev tatha devaki ko chhod diya. usake mantriyon ne apane pradesh ke sabhi navajat shishuon ko marana athava tng karana prarnbh kar diya. mantriyon ki salah se kns ne brahmanon ko bhi marana prarnbh kar diya. usane anek asuri pravritti vale logon se krishn ko maravana chaha par sabhi krishn tatha balaram ke hathon mare gaye. kns ne ek samaroh ke avasar par krishn tatha balaram ko amantrit kiya. usaki yojana vahin unhen marava dalane ki thi kintu krishn ne kns ko balon se pakadakar usaki gaddi se khinchakar use pharsh par patak diya. use marakar ve log devaki tatha vasudev ko jel se mukt karavane gaye. jab unhonne mata-pita ke charanon men vndana ki to devaki tatha vasudev krishn ko jagadishvar samajhakar hriday se lagane men snkoch karate rahe.[1]

kns ki shakti ka karan

kns ka karagar, mathura
Kans Prison, Mathura

kns ki is shakti ka pradhan karan yah tha ki use aryavart ke tatkalin sarvapratapi raja jarasndh ka sahara prapt tha. vah jarasndh paurav vnsh ka tha aur magadh ke vishal samrajy ka shasak tha. usane anek pradeshon ke rajaon se maitri-snbndh sthapit kar liye the, jinake dvara use apani shakti badhane men badi sahayata mili. kns ko jarasndh ne 'asti' aur 'prapti' namak apani do ladakiyan byah din aur is prakar usase apana ghanisht snbndh-jod liya. chedi ke yadav vnshi raja shishupal ko bhi jarasndh ne apana gahara mitr bana liya. idhar uttar-pashchim men usane kururaj duryodhan ko apana sahayak banaya. poorvottar ki or asam ke raja bhagadant se bhi usane mitrata jodi. is prakar uttar bharat ke pradhan rajaon se maitri snbndh sthapit kar jarasndh ne apane padosi rajyon-kashi, kaushal, ang, bng adi par apana adhikar jama liya. kuchh samay bad kaling ka rajy bhi usake adhin ho gaya. ab jarasndh pnjab se lekar asam aur udisa tak ke pradesh ka sabase adhik prabhavashali shasak ban gaya .


kns ne apane pita ugrasen ko bandi banakar jel men dal diya tha aur svayn svechchhachari raja ke roop men mathura ke sinhasan par arudh ho gaya. usi kroor atyachari kns ne apani chacheri bahan devaki tatha usake pati vasudev ko kisi akashavani ko sunakar apane ko nirbhay rakhane ke vichar se jel men dal diya tha. kns tatha usake kroor shasan ko samapt karane ke lie bhagavan shrikrishn ne devaki ke garbh se karagrih men janm liya aur adbhut lilaon ke kramon ka vikas karate hue apane mama kns ka vadh karake brajavasiyon ke kashton ko door kiya. apane mata-pita tatha nana ugrasen ko karagrih se mukt karaya tatha unhen pun: sinhasan par bithaya . shrikrishn ne kns ke atyachar se trast gopon men jagriti utpann ki tatha vayask hone par kns ko mar dala tatha ugrasen ka pun: rajyabhishek kar diya. jarasngh ko yah sab vidit hua to usane pun: yuddh kar ugrasen ko parast kar diya tatha kns ke putr ko shoorasen ka raja banaya.[2]

vividh ullekh

keval vaidik sahity men hi nahin apitu bauddh evn jain sahity men bhi braj snbandhi vividh ullekh milate hain. bauddh sahity ke antargat ghat jatak men vasudev kanha aur kns ki katha hai. bauddh avadan sahity men divyavadan mukhy hai. is grnth men mathura men bhagavan buddh ka agaman tatha shishyon ke sath unaka vividh vishayon par vichar-vimarsh varnit hai. isake atirikt lalitavistar, majjhimanikay, mahavatthu, petavatthu, vimanavatthu, atthakatha adi grnthon evn unaki tikaon men jo vividh ullekh milate hain unase mathura ki rajanitik, dharmik evn samajik sthiti par bahut-kuchh prakash padata hai.

kns mela, mathura
Kans Mela, Mathura

kns ke samay mathura

kns ke samay men mathura ka kya svaroop tha, isaki kuchh jhalak pauranik varnanon men dekhi ja sakati hai. jab shrikrishn ne pahali bar is nagari ko dekha to bhagavatakar ke shabdon men usaki shobha is prakar thi-

  • 'us nagari ke pravesh-dvar oonche the aur sphatik patthar ke bane hue the. unake bade-bade siradal aur kivad sone ke the. nagari ke charon or ki dival (parakota) tanbe aur pital ki bani thi tatha usake niche ki khaee durlabh thi. nagari anek udyanon ek sundar upavanon se shobhit thi.'[3]
  • 'suvarnamay chaurahon, mahalon, bagichiyon, sarvajanik sthanon evn vividh bhavanon se vah nagari yukt thi. vaidoory, bajr, nilam, moti, hira adi ratnon se alnkrit chhajje, vediyan tatha pharsh jagamaga rahe the aur un par baithe hue kabootar aur mor anek prakar ke madhur shabd kar rahe the. galiyon aur bazaron men, sadakon tatha chaurahon par chhidakav kiya gaya tha. aur un par jahan-tahan phool-malaen, doorva-dal, laee aur chaval bikhare hue the.'
  • 'makanon ke daravajon par dahi aur chandan se anulepit tatha jal se bhare hue manal-ghat rakhe hue the, phoolon, dipavaliyon, bandanavaron tatha phalayukt kele aur supari ke vrikshon se dvar sajaye gaye the aur un par patake aur jhadiyan phahara rahi thi.'

mathura ek samriddh puri

uparyukt varnan kns ya krishn kalin mathura se kahan tak mel khata hai, yah batana kathin hai. parantu isase tatha any puranon men prapt varnanon se itana avashy gyat hota hai ki tatkalin mathura ek samriddh puri thi. usake charon or nagar-dival thi tatha nagari men udyanon ka bahuly tha. mor pakshiyon ki shayad is samay bhi mathura men adhikata thi. mahalon, makanon, sadakon aur bazaron adi ke jo varnan milate hai unase pata chalata hai ki kns ke samay ki mathura ek dhan-dhany sampann nagari thi.

vithika


tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. shrimadh bhagavat,10.1-4,10.44.– harivnsh puran, vishnuparv . 1-30 . vishnu puran, 5 / 1-20.
  2. mahabharat, sabhaparv, adhyay 22,shlok 36 ke uparant
  3. dadarsh tan sphatikatungopur dvaran vrihaddhemakapatatoranamh .
    tamrarakoshthan parikhadurasadamudyanaramyopavanopashobhitamh ..
    sauvarn shrringatak harmyanishkutai: shreni sabhabhibhavanairupaskritamh .
    vaidooryabajramal, nilavidrumairmuktaharidbhirbalabhishuvedipu ..
    jushteshu jalamukharndhrakutihtameshvavisht paravatavarhinaditamh .
    snsiktarathyapanamargachatvaran prakirnamalyankuralajatndujam ..
    apoornakubhairdadhichndanokshitai: prasoonadipabalibhi: sapallavai: .
    savrindarnbhakramukai: saketubhi: svalnkritadvar grihan sapatihtakai: .. -(bhagavat, 10, 41, 20-23

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