कृष्ण का द्वारका जीवन  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

krishn vishay soochi
snkshipt parichay
krishn ka dvaraka jivan
Radha-Krishna-1.jpg
any nam vasudev, mohan, dvarikadhish, keshav, gopal, nndalal, banke bihari, kanhaiya, giradhari, murari, mukund, govind, yadunandan, ranachhod adi
avatar solah kala yukt poornavatar (vishnu)
vnsh-gotr vrishni vnsh (chndravnsh)
kul yadukul
pita vasudev
mata devaki
palak pita nndababa
palak mata yashoda
janm vivaran bhadrapad, krishn paksh, ashtami
samay-kal mahabharat kal
parijan rohini (vimata), balaram (bhaee), subhadra (bahan), gad (bhaee)
guru sndipan, angiras
vivah rukmini, satyabhama, janbavati, mitravinda, bhadra, satya, lakshmana, kalindi
sntan pradyumn, aniruddh, sanb
vidya parngat solah kala, chakr chalana
rachanaen 'gita'
shasan-rajy dvarika
sndarbh grnth 'mahabharat', 'bhagavat', 'chhandogy upanishad'.
mrityu pair men tir lagane se.
snbndhit lekh krishn janm ghatanakram, krishn balalila, govardhan lila, krishn balaram ka mathura agaman, kns vadh, krishn aur mahabharat, krishn ka antim samay
dvaraka bilakul navin nagar nahin tha. vaivasvat manu ke ek putr sharyati ko shasan men pashchimi bharat ka bhag mila tha. sharyati ke putr anart ke nam par kathiyavad aur samip ke kuchh pradesh ka nam annt prasiddh hua. usaki rajadhani kushasthali ke dhvnsavasheshon par krishnakalin dvaraka ki sthapana huee.[1] yahan akar krishn ne ugrasen ko vrishnigan ka pramukh banaya. dvaraka men krishn ke vaiyaktik jivan ki pahali mukhy ghatana thi- 'kundinapur'[2] ki sundari rajakumari rukmini ke sath vivah. 'harivnsh puran' men yah katha vistar se di huee hai.

rukmini ka bhaee rukmi tha. vah apani bahan ka vivah chediraj shishupal se karana chahata tha. magadharaj jarasndh bhi yahi chahata tha. kintu kundinapur ka raja krishn ko hi apani kanya dena chahata tha. rukmini svayn bhi krishn ko varana chahati thi. usane unake saundary aur shaury ki prashnsa sun rakhi thi. rukmini ka svaynvar racha gaya aur vahan se krishn use har le gaye. jin logon ne unaka virodh kiya ve parajit hue. is ghatana se shishupal krishn ke prati gahara dvesh manane laga.

'harivnsh puran' ke anusar balaram ka vivah bhi dvaraka jakar hua.[3]snbhavat: pahale balaram ka vivah hua, phir krishn ka. bad ke puranon men balaram aur revati ki vichitr katha milati hai. rukmini ke atirikt krishn ki sat any patniyan hone ka ullekh pray: sabhi puranon men milata hai.[4] inake nam satyabhama, janbavati, kalindi, mitravinda, satya, bhadra aur lakshman diye gay hain. inamen se kisi ko to unake mata-pita ne vivah men pradan kiya aur shesh ko krishn vijay men prapt kar laye.

puranon se gyat hota hai ki krishn ki sntanon ki snkhya badi thi.[5] rukmini se das putr aur ek kanya thi. inamen sabase bada pradyumn tha. bhagavatadi puranon men krishn ke grihasth-jivan tatha unaki dainik charya ka hal vistar se milata hai. pradyumn ke putr aniruddh ka vivah shonitapur[6] ke raja vanasur ki putri oosha ke sath hua.



pichhe jaen
krishn ka dvaraka jivan
age jaen


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. yah sthan ajakal 'mool dvaraka' ke nam se gyat hai aur prabhas-pattan ke poorv kodinar ke samip sthit hai. aukhamndal vali dvaraka bad men basaee huee pratit hoti hai. saurashtr men ek tisari dvaraka porabndar ke pas hai.
  2. yah kundinanur vidarbh desh (barar) men tha. ek janashruti ke anusar kundinapur uttar pradesh ke eta zile men vartaman nohakheda ke pas tha. kinvadnti hai ki krishn yahin se rukmini ko le gaye the. nohakheda men aj bhi rukmini ki madhiya bani hai, jahan lagabhag athavin shati ki ek atynt kalapoorn pashan-moorti rukmini ke nam se pooji jati hai. khede se any prachin kalavashesh prapt hue hain. yah sthan eta nagar se qarib 20 mil dakshin jalesar tahasil men hai.
  3. harivnsh puran, adhyay 116 ke anusar balaram ka vivah anart-vnshi yadav revat ki putri revati se hua.
  4. bhagavat puran (56-57), vayu puran (96, 20-98), padm puran (276, 1-37), brahmavaivart puran (122), brahmand puran (201, 15), harivnsh puran (118) adi. puranon men narakasur ka shrikrishn ke dvara vadh tatha usake dvara bndi solah hazar striyon ko chhudane ka bhi varnan milata hai aur kaha gaya hai ki krishn ne in sabase vivah kar liya.
  5. bhagavat puran 61, 1-19; harivnsh puran118 tatha 162; brahmavaivart puran 112, 36-41 adi.
  6. yah shonitapur kahan tha, is snbndh men vidvanon ke vibhinn mat hain. kuchh log ise tihari gadhaval zile men rudraprayag ke uttar ukhimath ke samip manate hain. kumayoon pahadi ka kotalagadh, agara ke samip bayana, narmada par sthit tevar (prachin tripuri) tatha asam ke tejapur ko bhi vibhinn maton ke anusar shonitapur mana jata hai. shri amritavasnt pndya ka mat hai ki shonitapur asiriya men tha aur shrikrishn ne asiriya par akraman kar banasur (asurabani pal pratham) ko parast kiya (brajabharati, phalgun, sn. 2009, pri. 25-31).

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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