रासलीला  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

krishn vishay soochi
rasalila, krishn janmabhoomi, mathura
Raslila, Krishna's Birth Place, Mathura

rasalila uttar pradesh men prachalit lokanaty ka ek pramukh ang hai. isaka arnbh solahavin shati men vallabhachary tatha hitaharivnsh adi mahatmaon ne lok prachalit, jis shrringar pradhan ras men dharm ke sath nrity, sngit ki punah sthapana ki aur usaka netritv rasik shiromani shrikrishn ko diya tha, vahi radha tatha gopiyon ke sath krishn ki shrringar poorn kridaon se yukt hokar 'rasalila' ke nam se abhihit hua.

mooladhar

rasalila lokanaty ka pramukh ang hai. bhaktikal men isamen radha-krishn ki prem-kridaon ka pradarshan hota tha, jinamen adhyatmikata ki pradhanata rahati thi. inaka mooladhar sooradas tatha ashtachhap ke kaviyon ke pad aur bhajan hote the. unamen sngit aur kavy ka ras tatha anand, donon rahata tha. lilaon men janata dharmopadesh tatha manornjan sath-sath pati thi. inake patron- krishn, radha, gopiyon ke snvadon men gambhirata ka abhav aur premalap ka adhiky rahata tha. kary ki nyoonata aur snvadon ka bahuly hota tha. in lilaon men rngamnch bhi hota tha, kintu vah sthir aur sadharan koti ka hota tha. prayah rasalila karane vale kisi mandir men athava kisi pavitr sthan ya oonche chabootare par isaka nirman kar lete the. dekhane valon ki snkhya adhik hoti thi. ras karane valon ki mandaliyan bhi hoti thin, jo poona, pnjab aur poorvi bngal tak ghooma karati thin.

riti kavita ka prabhav

unnisavin shati men riti-kavita ke prabhav se ras lilaon ki dharmikata, ras aur sngit ko dhakka laga. atah unamen n to ras ka pravah raha aur n sngit ki shastriyata. unamen keval nrity, vagvilas, ukti vaichitrayata ki pradhanata ho gayi. unaka uddeshy keval manornjan rah gaya. bharatendu harishchandr ki ‘shrichandravali natika’ par rasalila ka prabhav hai aur adhunik kal men viyogi hari ki ‘chhadm-yogini natika’ bhi rasalila se prabhavit hai. aj bhi uttar pradesh ke pashchimi zilon- farrukhabad, mainapuri, itava; visheshataya mathura-vrindavan, agara ki rasalilaen prasiddh hai. ye prayah karttik-agahan, vaishakh aur savan men hua karati hain.

ayojan sthal

rasalila,krishn janmabhoomi, mathura
Raslila, Krishna's Birth Place, Mathura

aj bhi rasalila rngamnch sadharan hota hai. vah prayah mandiron ki mani par, oonche chabootaron ya oonche uthaye hue takhton par banson aur kapadon se banaya jata hai. usamen ek parada rahata hai. patr parade ke pichhe se ate rahate hain. ddashyantar ki soochana patron ke chale jane par koee nirdeshak deta hai. rngabhoomi men gayak aur vadak baithe hote hain aur samane prekshakon ke lie khule akash ka prekshagrih rahata hai; kabhi-kabhi chandani ya chndoba bhi tan diya jata hai. vastavik rasalila prarambh hone se poorv ayi huee janata ke manornjan aur ane vali janata ke pratiksharth rngabhoomi men bhajan-gan dholak, mnjira, haramoniyam tatha sitar ke sath hota rahata hai. lilarambh se kuchh pahale sootradhar ki bhanti ek brahman ya purohit vyavasthapak ke roop men ata hai, jo radha-krishn ki dikhalayi jane vali lila ka nirdesh karata hai aur usake patron aur lila (katha) ki prashnsa kar prekshakon unaki or akrisht karata hai. yah prarochana aur prastavana jaisa kary hai. pashchath parada uthata hai aur radha-krishn ki yugal chhavi ki arati ki jati hai. arati ke samay rngabhoomi ke gayakadi tatha prekshak uth khade hote hain. parada phir girata hai aur usake anantar nishchit lila ka karyakram prarambh ho jata hai.

prastutikaran

rasalila ke patron men radha-krishn tatha gopikaen rahati hai. bich-bich men hasy ka prasng bhi rahata hai. vidooshak ke roop men ‘manasukha’ rahata hai, jo vibhinn gopikaon ke sath prem evn hnsi ki baten karake krishn ke prati unake anurag ko vynjit karata hai; sath-hi-sath darshakon ka bhi manornjan karata hai. jab kabhi paraden ke pichhe nepathy men abhinetaon ko veshavinyas ya roopasajja karane men vilamb hota hai to us avakash ke kshanon ke lie koee hasy ya vyngyapoorn do patron ke prahasan ki yojana kar li jati hai, kintu yah kary lila se sambandhit nahin hota. ras-kary sampann karane vale 'rasadhari' kahalate hain.
rasalila
ve prayah balak aur yuva purush hote hain. lila men hasy ka put aur shrringar ka pradhany rahata hai. usamen krishn ka gopiyon, sakhiyon ke sath anuragapoorn vritakar nrity hota hai. kabhi krishn gopiyon ke karyon evn cheshtaon ka anukaran karate hai aur kabhi gopiyan krishn ki roop cheshtadi ka anukaran karati hai aur kabhi radha sakhiyon ke, krishn ki roopacheshtaon ka anukaran karati hai. yahi lila hai.

kabhi krishn gopiyon ke hath men hath bandhakar nachate hai in lilaon ki kathavastu prayah radha-krishn ki prem kridaen hoti hai, jinamen sooradas adi krishn bhakt kaviyon ke bhajan gaye jate hain. kary ki adhikata nahin, varanh pad pradhan snvad, saundary, nrity, git, venudhvani, tal, lay, ras ki abadh dhara bahati hai. rng snketon ke lie parde ke pichhe nirdeshak rahata hai, jo abhinetaon ke bhool jane par snvadon ke vaky ya bhajan evn pad ki pnkti, smaran kara deta hai. lila men abhinay kam, snlap adhik rahata hai. krishn dhir lalit nayak hote hain, jo samast kalaon ke avatar mane jate hain. radha unaki anurnjak shakti ke roop men dikhayi jati hai. vahin samast gunon evn kalaon ki khan nayika banati hai. gopiyan, sakhiyan- sabhi yauvana aur bhavapragalbha hoti hai. unamen shobha, vilas, madhury, kanti, dipti, vilas, vichchhit, pragalbhy, audary, lila, hav, hela, bhav adi sabhi alnkar hote hain.

samapan

rasalila ke ant men yugal chhavi ki punah arati hoti hai. is bar prekshak janata bhi arati leti hai aur arati ke thal men paise-rupaye ke roop men bhent chadhati hai. is bar arati ke bad lila ke vishay men mngal kamana ki jati hai. yah ek prakar ka bharat vaky hai. pashchath lila ka karyakram samapt ho jata hai aur patakshep ho jata hai. rasalila hallish, shrigadit, kavy, goshti, natayarasak ka hi lokashray dvara parivartit natayaroop hai. asthavan vyakti rasalila ka apani manyata ke anusar bhashy karate hain. shrikrishn parabrahm hain, radha aur gopiyan jiv atmaen, rasalila paramatma aur jivatma ka sammilan hai. jo lok men bhi radha tatha any sakhiyon ke sath krishn nity rasalila men lage rahate hain.



pichhe jaen
rasalila
age jaen


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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