शास्त्रीय नृत्य  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

birajoo maharaj
Birju Maharaj

shastriy nrity prachin hindoo grnthon ke sinddhaton evn takanikon aur nrity ke takaniki grnthon tatha kala snbadvata par poorn ya anshik roop se adharit hai. prarnbhik taur par yah mana jata hai ki bharat natyashastr ko dvitiy shatabdi eesa poorv ke as-pas likha gaya tha. shastriy nrity ki adhikatam prachalit pranaliyan uchch star ki vistrit pranaliyon se shasit hoti thin aur inaka uday am adami ke bich se hi hota tha. shastriy nrity aur lok nrity ke bich mukhy antar yah hai ki yah poorv men jan-boojhakar kalatmakata dvara kiya gaya prayas hai. nrity aur natak kala apane agrim sindvaton aur shastron ke niyamon ka kadaee se palan karate hain. bhavana men chitrit avadharana, vyaktigat nrity ki mohakata aur prithakata ki kala pravinata tinon hi shastriy nrity men mahattvapoorn sthan rakhate hain.

nrity natika

bharat men shastriy nrity-natika ek naty svaroop hai. isamen abhineta jatil bhngimapoorn bhasha ke zariye ek katha ko nrity ke madhyam se prastut karata hai aur yah svaroop apane sarvabhaumik prabhav men upamahadvip ki bhashaee simaon se oopar uth chuka hai. kuchh shastriy nrity-natikaon, jaise-kathakali, kuchipudi aur bhagavat mela men lokapriy hindoo pauranik kathaon ka abhinay hota hai. 20vin shatabdi ke nartak udayashnkar aur shanti varddhan ne in paramparik nrity-natikaon se prerit baile ka srijan kiya. samakalin bharatiy nirdeshak aur lekhak paramparik nrity shailiyon ko phir se parakh rahe hain aur adhik manovaigyanik punaravedan tatha gahare kalatmak prabhav ke lie apani rachanaon men inaka upayog kar rahe hain. bharat ke ganvon men rahane vale karodon log ab bhi lok virasat ki gady natakon ki lokapriyata ke bavajood gramin bharat men nrity-natikaon ke madhyam se apana manornjan karate hain. shahari darshakon men sidhe gady natakon ki lokapriyata ke bavajood gramin bharat men nrity-natika nishchit roop se adhik gahara prabhav chhodati hai aur zyada sntushti pradan karati hai, kyonki graminon ka saundary bodh ab bhi paramparaon se juda hua hai.

shastriy nrity ki takanik aur prakar

natyashastr ke anusar, nartak abhineta natak ke arth ko char prakar ke abhinayon ke zariye prastut karata haiah angik ya sharir ke vibhinn angon ke shailipoorn snchalan ke madhyam se bhavana ki prastuti; vachik ya boli, git, svar ki tarata aur svarashaili; ahary ya veshabhoosha aur shrringar; aur satvik ki kisi any pustak men sampoorn manovaigyanik snsadhanon ki prastuti hai.

shailikrit bhngimaen

kalakar ke pas shailikrit bhngimaon ka jatil bhndar hota hai. sharir ke pratyek ang, jinamen se ankhen v hath sarvadhik mahattvapoorn hain, ke lie paramparik taur par mudraen nirdharit hain. sir ke lie 13, bhaunhon ke lie 7, nak ke lie 6, galon ke lie 6, thodi ke lie 7, gardan ke lie 9, vaksh ke lie 5 v ankhon ke lie 36, pairon v nimn angon ke lie 32, jinamen se 16 bhoomi par v 16 hava ke lie nirdharit hain. panv ki vibhinn gatiyan, jaise-ithalana, thumakana, tirachhe chalana, tal savadhani se ki jati hain.

bhav evn mudraen

ek hath ki 24 mudraen (asnyukt hast) aur donon hathon ki 13 mudraen (snyukt hast), ek hast mudra ke ek-doosare se bilkul bhinn 30 arth ho sakate hain. udaharanarth, ek hath ki pataka mudra, jisamen sabhi anguliyon ko age badhakar, mude hue angoothe ke sath milakar, garmi, varsha, bhid, ratri, van, ghoda ya pakshiyon ki udane ko dikhaya ja sakata hai. pataka mudra men hi tisari anguli modane ka (tripataka) arth mukut, vriksh vivah, agni dvar ya raja bhi ho sakata hai. karkat (kenkada) men donon hathon ka upayog kar, anguliyon ko jodakar madhumakkhi ka chhatta, jamhaee ya shnkh dikhaya ja sakata hai. in alag-alag arthon ke lie hath ki sthiti ya kriya bhinn hogi.

kisi ekal nrity natika men abhinay karate hue ek purush ya ek mahila chehare ke bhav, mudraen v mizaj badalate hue kramashah do ya tin pramukh charitron ki abhinay karati hai. udaharan ke lie, bhagavan krishn, unaki eershyalu patni satyabhama v unaki saumy patni rukmini ko ek hi vyakti abhinit kar sakata hai. hindoo nrity v rngamnch ka saundaryatmak anand is bat par nirbhar karata hai ki koee kalakar kisi vishisht bhav ko vyakt karane v ras jagane men kitana saphal hai.

nrity ke ras

shabdik roop men ras ka arth 'svad' ya 'mahak' hai aur yah anandatirek ya manodasha hai, jisaka anubhav darshak kisi nrity (abhinay) pradarshan ko dekhakar karata hai. hindoo natak ke alochak kathavastu ya kisi kavita v natak ki takaniki poornata ki or adhik dhyan dekar ras par adhik dhyan dete hain.
bharatanatyam nrity
Bharatanatyam Dance
nrity men nau ras hain—

in rason ke sngat bhav bhi hain - prem, hasy, dukh, krodh, oorja, bhay, nirasha, ashchary evn shanti.

inamen do prakar ke bhav hain. ek tandav, jo shiv ke raudr paurush, doosara lasy, jo shiv ki patni parvati ke layatmak lavany ka pratinidhitv karata hai, bharatamuni ke natyashastr se janme bharatanatyam men lasy ki pradhanata hai aur isaka uday dakshini bharat ke tamilanadu rajy men hua hai. kathakali keral men janmi tandav bhav ki mookabhinay nrity-natika hai. jisamen uchch shirovastr v chehare ka vistrit shrringar kiya jata hai. katthak lasy v tandav ka mishran hai. klisht padatal v layatmak rachanaon ki ganitiy parishuddhata isaki visheshata hai aur yah nrity uttar men phala-phoola, apani jhoomati v visarpit mudraon se yukt manipuri men lasy ki visheshataen hain aur yah manipur ka nrity hai. 1958 men nee dilli sthit sngit natak akadami ne do nrity shailiyon, andhr pradesh ki kuchipudi v udisa ki odisi shaili ko shastriy nrity ka darja diya. svaroop aur prakriti men, kuchipudi ki kuchh visheshataen bharatanatyam se milati-julati hain, odisi apane ap men ek alag shaili hai. isaka nrity vyakaran moolatah tribhng se vikasit hua hai. yah udisa ki shaili hai.

shastriy nrity ki shailiyan

bharat men nrity ki jaden prachin parnparaon men hai. is vishal upamahadvip men nrityon ki vibhinhऩ vidhaon ne janm liya hai. pratye‍k vidha ne vishisht samay v vatavaran ke prabhav se akar liya hai. pratyek vidha kisi vishisht kshetr athava vyaktiyon ke samooh ke lokachar ka pratinidhitv karati hai.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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