भरतमुनि  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

Disamb2.jpg bharat ek bahuvikalpi shabd hai any arthon ke lie dekhen:- bharat (bahuvikalpi)
natyashastr
  • bharatamuni 'natyashastr' ke prasiddh praneta hue hain. inaka samay vivadaspad hain. inhen 500 ee.poo. 100 ee sanh ke bich kisi samay ka mana jata hai. bharat bade pratibhashali the. itana spasht hai ki bharatamuni rachit natyashastr se parichay tha. inaka 'natyashastr' bharatiy naty aur kavyashastr ka adigranth hai. isamen natyashastr, sngit-shastr, chhndashastr, alnkar, ras adi sabhi ka sangopang pratipadan kiya gaya hai. 'bharatiy natyashastr' apane vishay ka adharabhoot granth mana jata hai. kaha gaya hai ki bharatamuni rachit pratham natak ka abhinay, jisaka kathanak 'devasur sngram' tha, devon ki vijay ke bad indr ki sabha men hua tha. vidvanon ka mat hai ki bharatamuni rachit poora natyashastr ab upalabdh nahin hai. jis roop men vah upalabdh hai, usamen log kafi kshepak batate hain.[1]
  • natayn bhinnaroocherjanasy bahudhapyekn samaradhanm' arthath - jagath men logon ki ruchi bhinn bhinn hoti hai, aise sabhi logon ko prasann karane vala yadi kuchh hai to vah adhikanshat: 'naty' hai. rigved men sarama pani, yam yami, agasty lopamudra, pururava urvashi, adi anek snvad sookton men natakon ke bij hon, yah sambhav hai. bharat naty shastr aisi dnt katha hai ki treta yug men log du:kh, apatti se pidit ho rahe the. indr ki prarthana par brahma ne charon varnon aur vishesh roop se shoodron ke manornjan aur alaukik annd ke lie 'natyaved' namak panchaven ved ka nirman kiya. is ved ka nirman rigved men se pathy vastu, samaved se gan, yajurved men se abhinay aur atharvaved men se ras lekar kiya gaya. bharatamuni ko usaka prayog karane ka kary saunpa gaya. bharatamuni ne 'naty shastr' ki rachana ki aur apane putron ko padhaya. is dnt katha se itana to avashy phalit hota hai ki bharatamuni snskrit natyashastr ke ady pravartak hain.

natyashastr ka rachanakal

kalidas aur bhas natayashastr ke achchhe janakar the. panini ke pahale krishashv aur shilali ke natyasootr aur unake pahale bharat ka mool grnth manen to ee.s. poorv 8vin se 10vin shatabdi ka rachanakal mana jayega. snkshep men bharatanaty shastr ee.poorv ke kee shatabdi pahale racha gaya tha.

natyashastr ka svaroop

abhinav gupt ke matanusar naty shastr ke 36 adhyay hain. isamen kul 4426 shlok aur gadyabhag hain. natyashastr ki avritiyan nirnay sagar pres, chaukhamba snskrit grnthamala (gayakavad prachy vidyamala) dvara prakashit huee hai. gujarati ke kavi nathuram sundaraji ki 'naty shastr' pustak hai, jisamen naty shastr ka sar diya gaya hai.

natyashastr ke tikakar

bharat ke hal hi men upalabdh natyashastr par sarvadhik pramanik aur vidvattapoorn 'abhinav bharati' tika ke karta abhinav gupt hain. yah tika ee.san 1013 men likhi gayi thi. abhinav gupt ke poorv natyashastr par udbhat tnollat, shnkuk, kirtidhar, bhattanayak adi ne tikaen likhi thi. kalidas, ban, shriharsh, bhavabhooti adi snskrit natyakar naty shastr ko sarvapraman moordhany manate the.

natyashastr ka vishay

naty shastr men naty shastr se snbndhit sabhi vishayon ka avashyakatanusar vistar ke sath athava snkshep men nirupan kiya gaya hai. vishayavastu, patr, prekshagrih, ras, vriti, abhinay, bhasha, nrity, git, vady, patron ke paridhan, prayog ke samay ki jane vali dharmik kriya, natak ke alag alag varg, bhav, shaili, sootradhar, vidooshak, ganika, ganika, nayika adi patron men kis prakar ki kushalata apekshit hai, adi natak se snbndhit sabhi vastuon ka vichar kiya gaya hai. natyashastr ne jis tarah se aur jaisa nirupan naty svaroop ka kiya hai, use dekhate hue yadi 'n bhooto n bhavishyati' kahen to uchit hi hai, kyonki aisa nirupan pichhale 2000 varshon men kisi ne nahin kiya.

natak ke katipay lakshan

  1. du:khant natk nahin hote.
  2. gadyatmak snvadon ke sath bhav pradhan shlok ate hain.
  3. nayak, raja, brahman adi patr snskrit bolate hain, jabaki stri aur halke patr prakrit bolate hain.
  4. annd aur shok donnon ka mishran hota hai. vidooshak apane hav bhav aur moorkhata se darshakon ka manornjaman karata hai.
  5. natak men maran ka drishy nahin dikhaya jata.
  6. kisi bhi prakar ki asambhav kriya - dant se katana, khujalana, choomana, khana, sona adi mnch par nahin darshayi jati.
  7. aitihasik, pauranik kathaon men se natak ki vastu lekar avashyak pherabadal kiya jata hai.
  8. prem adhikansh natakon ka vishay hota hai.
  9. natak ke ankon ki snkhya chhoti badi hoti hai. patron ki snkhya ki koee maryada nahin hoti.
  10. prakriti ko bahut mahattv diya jata hai.

bharatamuni kahate hain - naty to samagr trilok ke bhav ka anukirtan hai. natak ka uddeshy du:kh se pidit, thake, shok se pidit logon aur tapasviyon ko uchit samay par vishranti dena hai. natak men sabhi kalaon ka sngam hota hai. bharatamuni kahate hain ki prekshakon ke manornjan ke sath hi unake bauddhik aur adhyatmik vikas men bhi natak nimitt banen.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

bharatiy snskriti ke sarjak, pej n. (35)

  1. bharat muni (hindi) (pi.ech.pi) brajadiskavari. abhigaman tithi: 3 joon, 2011.

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