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yajurved ka avaran prishth

'yajush' shabd ka arth hai- 'ygy'. yarjuved moolatah karmakand granth hai. isaki rachana kurukshetr men mani jati hai. yajurved men aryo ki dharmik evn samajik jivan ki jhanki milati hai. is granth se pata chalata hai ki ary 'sapt saindhav' se age badh ge the aur ve prakritik pooja ke prati udasin hone lage the. yarjuved ke mntron ka uchcharan 'adhvury' namak purohit karata tha. is ved men anek prakar ke ygyon ko sampann karane ki vidhiyon ka ullekh hai. yah gady tatha pady donon men likha gaya hai. gady ko 'yajush' kaha gaya hai. yajurved ka antim adhyay eeshavasy upanishayad hai, jisaka sambandh adhyatmik chintan se hai. upanishadon men yah laghu upanishad adim mana jata hai kyonki ise chhodakar koee bhi any upanishad snhita ka bhag nahin hai. yajurved ke do mukhy bhag hai-

  1. shukl yajurved
  2. krishn yajurved

shukl yajurved

isamen keval 'darshapaurmasadi' anushthanon ke lie avashyak mntron ka snkalan hai. isaki mukhy shakhayen hai-

  1. madhyandin
  2. kanv

isaki snhitaon ko 'vajasaney' bhi kaha gaya hai kyonki 'vajasani' ke putr yagyvalky vajasaney isake drishta the. isamen kul 40 adhyay hain.

krishn yajurved

isamen mntron ke sath-sath 'tantriyojak brahmanon' ka bhi sammishran hai. vastav men mntr tatha brahman ka ekatr mishran hi 'krishn yajuah' ke krishnattv ka karan hai tatha mntron ka vishuddh evn amishrit roop hi 'shukt yajushh' ke shuklatv ka karan hai. isaki mukhy shakhayen hain-

  1. taittiriy,
  2. maitrayani,
  3. kath aur
  4. kapishthal
  • taittariy snhita (krishn yajurved ki shakha) ko 'apastamb snhita' bhi kahate hain.
  • maharshi pntajali dvara ullikhit yajurved ki 101 shakhaon men is samay keval uparokt panch vajasaney, taittiriy, kath, kapishthal aur maitrayani hi upalabdh hain.
  • yajurved se uttaravaidik yug ki rajanitik, samajik evn dharmik jivan ki janakari milati hain.
  • in donon shakhaon men antar yah hai ki shukl yajurved pady (snhitaon) ko vivechanatmak samagri (brahman) se alag karata hai, jabaki krishn yajurved men donon hi upasthit hain.
  • yajurved men vaidik anushthan ki prakriti par vistrit chintan hai aur isamen ygy snpann karane vale prathamik brahman v ahuti dene ke dauran prayukt mntron par giti pustika bhi shamil hai. is prakar yajurved ygyon ke adharabhoot tattvon se sarvadhik nikatata rakhane vala ved hai.
  • yajurved snhitaen snbhavatah antim rachit snhitaen thin, jo ee. poo. doosari sahastrabdi ke ant se lekar pahali sahastrabdi ki arnbhik shatabdiyon ke bich ki hain.

yajurved ki any visheshataen

  • yajurved gadyatmak hain.
  • ygy men kahe jane vale gadyatmak mantron ko ‘yajus’ kaha jata hai.
  • yajurved ke padyatmak mantr rigved ya atharvaved se liye gaye hai.
  • inamen svatantr padyatmak mantr bahut kam hain.
  • yajurved men ygyon aur havanon ke niyam aur vidhan hain.
  • yah granth karmakand pradhan hai.
  • yadi rigved ki rachana sapt-sindhu kshetr men huee thi to yajurved ki rachana kurukshetr ke pradesh men huee thi.
  • is granth se aryon ke samajik aur dharmik jivan par prakash padata hai.
  • varn-vyavastha tatha varnashram ki jhanki bhi isamen hai.
  • yajurved men ygyon aur karmakand ka pradhan hai.

nimnalikhit upanishadh bhi yajurved se sambaddh hain:-

  • shvetashvatar
  • brihadaranyak
  • eesh
  • prashn
  • mundak
  • mandooky

snbndhit lekh

shrutiyan

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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