श्रौतसूत्र  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

rigved ke shrautasootr

rigved ke shraut sootr granth do laghu pustikaon (charanon) se sambandhit hain—shankhayan aur ashvalayan, jinamen shankhayan bad men uttar gujarat men sthir ho gaya aur ashvalayan godavari aur krishna ke madhy men dakshin bharat men sthir hua. adhikatar donon ek hi kram se ygy ka varnan karate hain. kintu bade rajakiy ygyon ka shankhayan shraut–sootr men kahin adhik vistar se varnan kiya gaya hai. shankhayan shraut sootr shankhayan brahman se atyadhik nikatata ke sath sambaddh hai aur donon hi men prachinatar pratit hota hai. yah bat vastutattv aur shaili donon drishtiyon se siddh hoti hain. ye donon (vastu aur shilp) anek bhagon men brahman granthon se mel khate hain. isamen 18 adhyay hain, jinamen antim do bad men jode ge aur kaushataki aranyak ke pratham do adhyayon se mel khate hain. ashvalayan ke shrautasootr men 12 adhyay hai, yah aitarey brahman se sambandhit hain. ashvalayan aitarey aranyak ke chauthe kand ke rachayita bhi mane jate hain aur parampara ke anusar ve shaunak ke shishy the.

samaved ke shrautasootr

samaved ke tin shrautasootr surakshit rakhe ja sakate hain. inamen sabase purana mashak sootr hai, jise arshey kalp bhi kaha jata hai. yah isase adhik aur kuchh nahin hai ki isamen pnchavinsh brahman ki kram vyavastha ke anusar somayag ke vibhinn kriyakalapon se sambandh rakhane vale prarthana mantron ka keval pariganan kar diya gaya hai. latyayan dvara rachit shrautasootr kauthumashakha ka ek svikrit granth (gutaka) man liya gaya. yah sootr mashak ke saman pnchavinsh brahman ke sath nikat roop men sambandhit hai. isamen mashak sootr se uddharan bhi die ge hain. drahyayanon ka shrautasootr jo latyayanon se bahut kam bhinn hai, samaved ki ranayaniy shakha se sambandh rakhata hai.

shukl yajurved ke shrautasootr

shukl yajurved ka sambandh katyayan shrautasootr se hai. yah gutaka, jisamen 26 adhyay hain, samay drishti se shatapath brahman ki ygy vyavastha ka ashithil roop men anusaran karata hai. han yah avashy hai ki isake tin adhyay (22 se 24 tak) samaved ke vidhi–vidhanon ka varnan karate hain. isaki shaili ke durhgyey svaroop ke karan yah sootrakal ki bad ki rachanaon men ek pratit hoti hai.

krishn yajurved ke shrautasootr

krishn yajurved se sambandhit shrautasootr jo surakshit rakhe ge hain, unaki snkhya 6 se kam nahin hai, kintu unamen ab tak keval do prakashit ho sake hain. inamen char bahut hi ghanishth sambandh rakhane vale varg ka nirman karate hain, karan yah hai ki ye taittiriy shakha ki char upashakhaon ke kalpasootron ka ang hain, jinhonne bad ke sootr sampraday (charanon) ka pratinidhitv kiya jo ved ya brahman ke saman vishisht eeshvariy gyan ka unmesh hone ka dava nahin karate. apastamb shrautasootr tis adhyayon (prashnon) men pratham chaubis ka kalevar banata hai; un tis adhyayon men jinamen unhin (apastamb) ke kalpasootr ka vibhajan hua tha. apastamb kalpasootr ke adhyayon ko prashn kaha jata hai. hiranyakeshi ka shrautasootr bhi unake kalpasootr ke 29 adhyayon men pratham 18 adhyayon ka nirman karata hai. hiranyakeshi ka kalpasootr bhi apastamb se phoote hue ankur ki ek upashakha hai. baudhayan ka sootragranth jo ki apastamb se purana hai aur usi prakar bharadvaj ka bhi shrautasootr ab tak prakashit nahin hue hain.

maitrayaniy snhita

maitrayaniy snhita se juda hua manav shrautasootr hai; isaka sambandh manavon se hai jo ki maitrayaniy ke upabhivag the aur jinamen sambhavatah manu ki dharm–pustak apane udagam ka anusaran karati hai. yah sarvadhik prachin shrautasootron men ek maloom padata hai. isaka svaroop varnanatmak hai jo ki yajurved ke brahman bhagon se milata–julata hai aur samany roop se keval ygy vidhi ke varnan karane ke karan unase bhinn hai tatha pauranik akhyanon vicharon aur kisi bhi prakar ke vivadon ko bachane men bhi isaka vibhed hai. krishn yajurved se juda hua ek vaikhanas shrautasootr bhi hai, kintu isaka pata kuchh pandulipiyon men hi bachata hai.

atharvaved ke shrautasootr

atharvaved ka shrautasootr hai vaitanasootr; n to yah purana hai aur n hi maulik. kintu isamen sandeh nahin ki atharvaved ko doosare vedon ke saman apane svayn ke shrautasootr se sampann karane ke hi uddeshy se isaka snkalan kiya gaya tha. sambhavatah isane apana nam us shabd se grahan kiya, jisase isaka prarambh hua tha; kyonki vaitan (jisaka sambandh tin yagyik agniyon se hai) saman roop se sabhi shrautasootron par lagoo hota hai. atyadhik sima tak yah gopath brahman se sahamat hai, yadyapi yah spasht roop men shukl yajurved ke katyayan sootr ka anusaran karata hai. isake paravarti hone ka ek snket is bat se milata hai jabaki doosare mamalon men ek grihyasootr niyamit roop se sambaddh shrautasootr ko pragvarti manata hai, jabaki vaitan atharvaved ke grihyasootr par nirbhar hai.

yadyapi shrautasootr yagyik vidhiyon ko thik roop men samajhane ke lie aparihary hai, kintu ve kisi doosare drishtikon se sahity ka atyadhik anakarshak svaroop hai. isalie jin vidhi vidhanon ka ve varnan karate hain, unaka sarvadhik snkshipt rooparekha men ullekh karana paryapt hoga. sarvapratham to yah yad rakhana avashyak hai ki vidhan kabhi bhi samajik nahin hote sarvada ekaki vyakti ki or se sampann kie jate hain, jo tathakathit yajaman ya ygy karane vala hota hai, jo un vidhanon men bahut kam bhag leta hai. pratinidhi brahman purohit hote hain, jinaki snkhya ygykarm ki avashyakata ke anusar char se 16 tak bhinn–bhinn ho sakati hai. in samast vidhi vidhanon men mahattvapoorn bhag tin pavitr agniyon dvara liya jata hai, jo ki vedi ko ghere rahati hai. vedi kuchh khodi huee bhoomi hoti hai, jo ghas ki trin shayya se dhak di jati hai, jisamen devataon ko pradey vastu grahan ki ja sake. sabhi ygyon ki pahali vidhi hoti hai, pavitr agni ki sthapana (agnyadhan) jo yajaman aur usaki patni ke dvara agnikashthon (samidhaon) ke dvara prajjvalit ki jati hai aur isilie use niyamit roop se sthayi rakha jata hai.

shrot vidhi

shrot vidhiyon ki snkhya 14 hai, jinako do mukhy samoohon men banta jata hai, jinamen sat havi ke ygy aur 7 sam ygy hote hain. pratyek samooh ke sath vibhinn svaroop ke pashuyagon ko bhi sammilit kiya jata hai. haviryag ke pradan men doodh (khir), ghi, halva, ann, poodi tatha aur bahut si vastuen sammilit rahati hain. agnihotr sabase adhik samany ygy hota hai, jisamen pratah aur sayamh tin agniyon ko doodh ki vastuon ki ahooti di jati hai. doosaron men sarvadhik mahattvapoorn ygy hai, naye tatha poorn chandrama ke ygy (darsh poornamas) aur ve jo tinon rituon ke prarambh men kie jate hain (chaturmasy). bar–bar hone vale kuchh doosaron ygyon ke atirikt bahut se aise bhi hain, jinaka pradan kisi vishesh avasar par kiya jata hai, athava kisi vishisht uddeshy ki siddhi ke lie bhi kiya jata hai.

vibhinn prakar ke somayag kahin adhik jatil the. sabase sadharan aur moolabhoot svaroop ke agnishtonm (agni ki prashnsa) ko bhi 16 purohiton ke sachivy (mantrana) ki avashyakata padati thi. isamen keval ek din lagata tha, jisamen som ka peshan tin bar hota tha-pratahkal, madhyahn men aur saynkal men. kintu is din se pahale vala din atyant vistrit taiyari ki vidhiyon ka hota tha. jisamen ek vidhi thi yajaman aur usaki patni ka ygy men pravesh (diksha) lena. doosare somayag kee din 12 din tak chalate the. doosare prakar ke ygy jinhen satr (kalavadhi) kaha jata tha, ek varsh ya usase bhi adhik chalate the.

ygyvidhi

ek bahut hi pavitr ygyvidhi, jise somayag se joda ja sakata hai agnichayan ya 'agnisanchay' karana hai. jo ek sal tak chalati thi. isaka prarambh 5 pashuon ki bali se hota hai. tab mrittika patr ke taiyar karane men bahut samay lag jata tha jise (mrittika patr ko) ukha kahate hain. jisamen ek varsh tak agni ko surakshit rakha jata hai. donon ke lie atishramasadhy niyam die ge hain. ghatak dravyon ke lie bhi jaise krishn mrig ke bal jinako mitti ke sath milaya jata hai aur isake lie bhi ki unako svaroop kis prakar diya jae aur ant men jalaya jae. tab nirdharit vyavastha ke anusar eeten banani padati hain. jinake akar aur pariman bhinn prakar ke tatha vishisht paddhati ke hote hain. vedi 5 staron ki hoti hai. jinamen sabase nichale star men 1950 eeten aur un sabakon milakar jodakar 10,800 eeten lagani chahie. un (eeton) men bahuton ka apana vishisht nam hota hai aur apani svatntr sarthakata hoti hai. is prakar vedi dhire–dhire banaee jati hai, kyonki isaki eeten nirdharit sthiti men hi rakha jati hain. jinake sath thik vidhiyon aur mantron ka samavesh rahata hai. jinaka nirvah bhayajanak purohiton ke samooh ke dvara kiya jata hai. prayog vidhi ke kuchh pradhan tattv hain. kintu ye sambhavatah bahut badhi–chadhi jatilata aur vistar ki bahut badi rashi ka kuchh dhundhala sa vivek pradan kar sakenge, jisase sabase chhote anumatr ki bhi brahman vidhiyon men mahatta hai. kisi doosare dharm ne isaki samanata ko kabhi nahin jana.




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