आर्षेय ब्राह्मण  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

samavediy brahman ke madhy arshey brahman ka chaturth sthan hai. isake pratipady ke sandarbh men, grantharambh men kaha gaya hai- 'ath khalvayamarshapradesho bhavati'[1] tadanusar isamen samaved ke rishiyon se sambaddh vivaran hai. namadhey se bhi yahi spasht hota hai, kintu vyavaharat: n to yah sam-gan ke rishiyon ka kathan karata hai aur n hi rishi-gayakon ki hi vyapak soochi prastut karata hai. isamen keval ganon ke nam unake prasiddh namantaron ke sath pratatt hai. pray: ganon ke nam un rishiyon ke nam par hain, jinhonne unaki yojana ki hai. atev arshey brahman ka namakaran is drishti se sarthak hai ki isaki vishay-vastu rishiyon se sambaddh hai. char prakar ke sam-ganon men se arshey ka sambandh matr pratham do ganon-gramagey aur aranyagey se hai, jo mahanamnyarchik ke sath milakar samasnhita ke poorvarchik bhag ke antargat hain. arshey brahman ooh aur oohyaganon par vichar nahin karata. samaganon ka namakaran pray: panch adharon par hua hai, jinake karan ganon ki panch kotiyan ban gee hain. ganon ka namakaran jin adharon par hua hai, ven ye hain-

  1. un rishiyon ke namon ke adhar par, jinhonne unaka sakshatkar kiya, yatha-saindhukshit, aushan adi.
  2. rikh ke prarambhik padon ke adhar par, jaise vishovishiy, ygyaygyiy adi.
  3. nidhan (gan ka antyabhag) ke adhar par, jaise-sutn rayishthiy, davasunidhan ityadi.
  4. prayojanamoolak, jaise snvarg, rakshoghn ityadi.
  5. jo inamen se kisi shreni men nahin ate, jaise vink, ityadi.

inamen se pratham koti ke nam hi unake sakshatkarta rishiyon ke namon par prakash dalate hain. any char prakar ke namon ki sthiti isake viparit hai. is karan arshey brahman ganon ke nam dete samay unake rishiyon ke namon ka bhi ullekh kar deta hai, yatha-'agnevainshvanarasy ygyaygyiyamh'[2], 'prajapate: sutn rayishthiye'[3], 'agnevainshvanarasy rakshoghnamatrairva vasishthasy vinkamh'[4] ityadi. is sandarbh men yah ullekhy hai ki kabhi-kabhi kisi gan ke rishi ka namakaran us gan ke adhar par dikhalaee deta hai, jisaki usane yojana ki. aisi sthiti men us rishi ki prasiddhi kisi upanam se ho jati hai aur vastavik nam vismaran ke gart men nimagn ho jata hai, kintu arshey brahman men us rishi-nam ke sath gotr-nam ka bhi ullekh hai, jaise 'davasunidhan' gan ke rishi hain davasu aur 'havishmath' gan ke rishi hain havishmanh; in donon rishiyon ka namakaran ganon ke nidhanabhag kramash: 'davasoo' 2345 aur 'havishmate' 2345 ke adhar par hua hai; kintu in ganon ka ullekh karate samay arshey brahman yah kahana nahin bhoolata ki prakrit ganadrashta rishiyon ka sambandh angira gotr se hai.

arshey brahman ki rachana sootr-shaili men huee hai jo samaved ke anubrahmanon ki visheshata hai. arshey brahman men gramageyaganon ka ullekh snhitoktakram se hai. arshey brahman ke anusar sam-ganon ke rishi-namon aur unake gotron ke gyan se svarg, yash, dhanadi phalon ki prapti hoti hai-

rishinan namadheyagotropadharanamh.
svagry yashasyn dhanyn punyn putryn pashavyn brahmavarchasyn smarttamayushyamh.[5]

is brahman ka adhyayan prat: pratarash se poorv hona chahie- 'prakh pratarashikamityachakshate'[6] arshey brahman ka tirupati snskaran 1967 men bi.ar. sharma dvara sampadit hokar prakashit hai.


tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. grantharambh, 1.1.1
  2. arshey brahman 1.5.1
  3. arshey brahman 2.4.7
  4. arshey brahman 1.7.3
  5. arshey brahman 1.1.1-2
  6. arshey brahman 1.1.4

snbndhit lekh

shrutiyan


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