उपनिषद ब्राह्मण  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

upanishad-brahman ka namantar chhandogy-brahman bhi hai. isamen 10 prapathak hain. isi nam se durgamohan bhattachary ne ise sampadit kar kalakatta se prakashit karaya hai. pratham do prapathakon men grihyakrityon men viniyukt mantr snkalit hai. isilie sauvidhyavash is ansh ko mantrabrahman ya mantr-parv bhi kah diya jata hai. shesh ath prapathak chhandogy upanishad kahalate hain. mantr aur upanishad donon hi anshon ko milakar sampoorn granth 'upanishad-brahman' ke roop men prasiddh raha hai, jaisa ki katipay hastalekhon ki pushpikaon men kaha gaya hai.[1] tatpary yah hai ki is brahman ke donon bhagon karmakandaparak mantrabhag aur upanishadnsh- ko milakar ek poorn granth ban jata hai. mantr-brahman ka hi doosara nam chhandogy-brahman nahin hai jaisa ki katipay vidvanon ne kaha hai.

chhandogy brahman men kul 268 grihyamantr hain. ye sabhi mantr gobhil aur khadir grihyasootron ke antargat vibhinn grihyakrityon men viniyukt hain. chhandogy brahman ka mantr-kram grihyasootr ke kram ka anugami hai. gobhil aur khadir donon hi sootrakar pray: grihyakrity ka varnan karake pathaniy mantr ke lie chhandogy brahman ka sandarbh de dete hain. chhandogy brahman ke sath sootragranthon ki nikatata ke adhar par pro. naauyer (Knauer) ne mat vyakt kiya hai ki gobhilagrihyasootr chhandogy brahman par adhrit hai.[2] vintaranits ne bhi isase sahamati prakat ki hai, kintu olden varg ka vichar hai ki chhandogy brahman aur gobhil ggrihyasootr donon hi granth kisi samanantar yojana ke antargat rachit hain.[3] khadir grihyasootr men bhashyakar rudraskand ne 'athato grihyakarmani' ke vishay men kaha hai ki yah kisi poorvavarti vaidikagranth ka dyotak hai, jisamen 'dev savit:' mantr snkalit tha- 'ath anantaramh. kasmath anantaramh. 'dev savit', ityadi mantravath shakhadhyayanath.' yahan spashtaroop se chhandogy brahman ka sandarbh nihit hai, kyonki usi ka prarambh 'dev savit:' mantr se hai.


chhandogy brahman par do vyakhyaen hain- gunavishnukrit 'chhandogy-mantr-bhashy' tatha sayan-krit 'vedarthaprakash'. gunavishnu sayan se poorvavarti hain. chhandogy brahman men mantr-bhag ke atirikt ath prapathakon athava adhyayon men suprasiddh chhandogyopanishad hai.[4] chhandogy upanishad aur kenopanishad ke shantipath ek hain, is adhar par katipay adhyetaon ne ise tavalakar shakhiy batalaya hai.[5] kintu yah poornataya kauthumashakhiy hai, kyonki shnkarachary ne ise 'tandinamupanishad' ke roop men hi uddhrit kiya hai. chhandogy upanishad ki varnan shaili atyant kramabaddh aur yukti yukti hai. isamen tattvgyan aur tadupayogi karm tatha upasanaon ka vishad varnan hai. shnkarachary ne is par bhashy pranayan kiya hai, jisake karan isaka mahattv svayamev spasht hai. upanishad ke pratham panch adhyayon men vibhinn upasanaon ka mukhyataya varnan hai aur antim tin adhyayon men tattvgyan ka isamen anek mahattvapoorn akhyan aur upakhyan aye hain, yatha- shilak, dalbhy aur pravahan ka snvad, upasti, shauvasam, raja janashruti aur raikv, satyakam tatha kekay ashvapati ke akhyan. sam-gan ki darshanik adhishthan par vyakhya karate hue oonkar tatha sam ke nigoodh svaroop ka vivechan kiya gaya hai. shauv udgith men bhautik prayojanon se prerit hokar ygyanushthan aur sam-gan karane valon par vyngy kiya gaya hai. isamen snbhavat: samavidhan brahman aur shadavinsh brahman ke adbhut shantiprakaran men vihit vibhinn abhichar aur kamyakarmon ki or snket hai. upanishadnsh par shankarabhashy ke atirikt anand tirth adi ke bhashy bhi upalabdh hain.



tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. ityupanishadabrahmane mantradhyayasy karmakande dvitiy: prapathak:.
  2. das gomilagrihy sootr, tsvaites hepht, pri. 22-43; vedishe phragen inaphastagus en rath, pri. 61
  3. chhandogy upanishad ke vishay men age 'upanishath-sahity' men dekhen.
  4. apastamb mantrapath, enekdota oksoninsiya (Inecdota Oxoniensia,) pri. 31
  5. drashtavy, gitapres, gorakhapur ke snskaran ki prastavana.

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