वासिष्ठ धर्मसूत्र  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

bhatt kumaril ne vasishth dharmasootr ka sambandh shragved se sthapit kiya hai.[1] m. m. kane ne bhi isase sahamati vyakt ki hai, kintu unaki manyatanusar rigvediyon ne ise apane kalp ke poorak roop men bad men hi svikar kiya.[2] dharmasootragat upanayan, anadhyay, snatak ke vraton aur panchamahaygyon se sambaddh prakaranon ka shankhayan grihyasootragat tadvishayak samagri se bahut sadrishy hai. ashvalayan grihyasootr ke bhi kuchh anshon se isaki samanata hai. inake atirikt paraskar grihyasootr ke katipay sootron ka samy bhi isake sath parilakshit hota hai. dharmasootron men gautam dharmasootr ke sath isaka vishesh sambandh hai. gautam ke solahaven aur vasishth ke doosare adhyayon men aksharashah samy dikhalaee deta hai.

vasishth dharmasootr ki upalabdh pandulipiyon aur prakashit snskaranon men svaroopagat pushnkal vaibhinny hai. jivannd ke snskaran men lagabhag 21 adhyay hain tatha anandashram aur daau. phyoohararh ke snskaranon men 30 adhyay hain. isaki snrachana prayah padyatmak hai. sootron ka pariman bahut kam hai. bahusnkhyak prachin vyakhyakaron, yatha vishvaroop, medhatithi prabhriti ne vasishth dharmasootr ko atyant adarapoorvak uddhrit kiya hai. isamen pratipadit vishayon ka vivaran is prakar haiah–
adhyay-1

dharm ka lakshan, aryavartt ki sima, pap ka vichar, tinon vargon ki striyon ke sath brahman ke vivah ka vidhan, chhah prakar ke vivah, lokavyavahar par raja ka niyantran, upaj ke shashthansh ki rajakar roopata.

adhyay-2

chaturvarny vichar, achary ka mahattv, daridrata ki sthiti men ksha़tr aur vaishyavritti ke svikaran ki manyata, kusid (byaj lene) ki ninda.

adhyay-3

agy brahman ki ninda, gupt dhan prapti ki vidhi, atmaraksha ken lie atatayi ke vadh ki anugya, pnktipavani parishadh, achaman tatha shauchadi ke niyam, vibhinn dravyon ki snskar–vidhi.

adhyay-4

chaturvarnyavidhan, snskaron ka mahattv, atithi satkar, madhupark, janm aur mrityu vishayak ashauch.

adhyay-5

striyon ki nirbharata aur rajasvala sthiti ke niyam.

adhyay-6

achar ki prashnsa, veg, snveg tatha malamootradi tyag ke lie niyam, brahman ki niti, shoodr ki visheshata, shoodr ke ghar men khane ki ninada, vyavahar niyam tatha uttam santan ka niyam.

adhyay-7

chaturashram aur brahchari ke karttavy.

adhyay-8

grihasth ka dharm aur atithi–archa ki vidhi.

adhyay-9

aranyavasi tapasvi (vanaprasth) ke niyam.

adhyay-10

snnyasi ke niyam.

adhyay-11

svatantr samman ka adhikari, bhojan pariveshan ka kram, shraddh ke niyam aur kal, upanayan, agnihotr ke niyam, samay, dand, mekhala adi.

adhyay-12

snatak vyavahar ka vidhan.

adhyay-13

upakram (vedapath arambh) ke niyam, anadhyay ke niyam, abhivadan vidhi, abhivadan men paurvapary vidhan, margagaman ke niyam.

adhyay-14

bhakshyabhakshy nirnay.

adhyay-15

poshyaputrajany niyam.

adhyay-16

nyay ki vyavastha, trividh pramanapatr, sakshi aur adhikar, zabardasti adhikar karane ka niyam, raja ke upadesh, sakshi hone ki yogyata, mithya niyam, snkalpakari ko kshama karane ki vidhi.

adhyay-17

auras putr ki prashnsa, kshetraj putr ke vishay men matabhed, 12 prakar ke putr, bhaiyon ke madhy sampatti ka bntavara, vayask kanya ke vivah ka niyam, uttaradhikar–niyam.

adhyay-18

chandal jaisi pratilom jati, shoodr ke lie vedashravan aur vedadhyayan ka nishedh.

adhyay-19

raja ke karttavy, raksha aur dand.

adhyay-20

gyat athava agyat roop men krit pap ka prayashchitt.

adhyay-21

brahman stri ke sath vyabhichar karane tatha gau–hatya karane ka prayashchitt.

adhyay-22

abhakshy–bhakshan janit pap ka prayashchitt.

adhyay-23

brahmachari ke dvara maithun karane tatha surapan karane par prayashchitt.

adhyay-24

krichchhr aur atikrichchhr vrat.

adhyay-25

gupt tapasya aur laghu papon ke lie vratacharan.

adhyay-26,27

pranayam ki upadeyata, vedamantr tatha gayatri ki upadeyata.

adhyay-28

striyon ki prashnsa, aghamarshan sookt aur dan ki prashnsa.

adhyay-29

dan, brahchary aur tapasya ke suphal.

adhyay-30

saty, dharm aur brahmanon ki stuti.

vishay–niroopan men vaishishty

vasishth dharmasootr ne samanyatah snskaron ki ganana nahin ki hai, kintu upanayan aur vivah ka ullekh kiya hai. vivah ke prakaron men ath ke sthan par chhah ka hi vidhan hai. balapoorvak haran keval kshatriy kanya ka hi kiya ja sakata hai. sakshigat pramanon ke sandarbh men vasishth dharmasootr likhit, sakshi, bhukti (Possession) ko praman roop men svikar karata hai. sakshi ko nirmal, shrotriy, anindit, charitravanh, satyanishth aur pavitr hona chahie. vasishth ne kuchh nishchit sthitiyon men niyogavidhi ko manyata di hai. mlechchh bhasha ke adhyayan ka isamen nishedh kiya gaya hai. bal–vidhava ke punarvivah ki isamen anugya di gee hai.

vasishth dharmasootr ne sadachar ko bahut mahattv diya hai. hinacharon se grast vyakti ke lok aur paralok donon hi nasht hote hain. sadachar rahit brahman ke lie ved, vedang aur ygyanushthan usi prakar nirarthak hain jaise ki andhe ke lie patni ki sundarata –

acharah paramo dharmah sarveshamiti nishchayah.
hinachar paritatma prety cheh ch nashyati..
acharahinasy tu brahmanasy vedaah shadangastvakhilaah saygyaah.
kan pritimutpadayitun samartha andhasy dara iv darshaniyaah..

vasishth dharmasootr ne paunah punyen manushyon ko dharmacharan aur saty–snbhashan karane ki hi prerana di hai – usaka kathan hai ki are manushyon! dharm ka palan karo, adharm se bacho. saty bolo, mithya se bacho. apani drishti ko vishal banao, kshudrata se bacho aur kisi ko bhi paraya n samajho.

dharm, charat maadharmn satyn vadat maanritamh.
dirghn pashyat, ma hrasvn parn pashyat maaparamh..

vasishth dharmasootr par keval ek hi vyakhya prakashit huee hai, vah hai krishn pandit dharmadikari ki 'vidvanmodini'. yah banaras snskaran men mudrit hai. baudhayan dharmasootr ke vyakhyakar govind svami ne vasishth dharmasootr ke vyakhyakar ke roop men ygysvami ka ullekh kiya hai. sanh 1883 men bambee se daau. phyoohararh ke dvara sampadit–prakashit snskaran ka pahale hi ullekh ho chuka hai. 1904 men lahaur se isaka hindi anuvad sahit prakashan hua hai. anandashram se 'smritinan samuchchayah' ke antargat 1905 men yah dharmasootr prakashit hai. jivanand ke dvara sampadit 'smriti–sngrah' (dharmashastr sngrah) men 20 adhyayatmak roop men isaka prakashan hua hai.

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. tantravartik, prishth 179
  2. dharmashastr ka itihas, pratham bhag

snbndhit lekh

shrutiyan

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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